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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #865 - אֶתְמוּל

eth-mole', ith-mole', eth-mool'
Root Word (Etymology)
probably from (H853) or (H854) and (H4136)
Parts of Speech
adverb, substantive
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1) yesterday, recently, formerly

1a) yesterday

1b) formerly (figuratively)

1c) from yesterday, already (in phrase)

2) (TWOT +) before, before that time, before the time, heretofore, of late, of old, these days, time(s) past

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1715 ‑ ἔμπροσθεν (em'‑pros‑then);  2250 ‑ ἡμέρα (hay‑mer'‑ah);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (7)
1 Samuel 3
2 Samuel 1
Psalms 1
Isaiah 1
Micah 1
N95 (0)
CSB (7)
1 Samuel 4
Psalms 1
Isaiah 1
Micah 1
BSB (8)
1 Samuel 4
2 Samuel 1
Psalms 1
Isaiah 1
Micah 1
ESV (5)
1 Samuel 2
2 Samuel 1
Isaiah 1
Micah 1
WEB (8)
1 Samuel 4
2 Samuel 1
Psalms 1
Isaiah 1
Micah 1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1288) lm (מל ML) AC: Speak CO: Word AB: Continue: A continuation of segments, which fill the whole.

A) lm (מל ML) AC: ? CO: Word AB: ?: A chain of words blended together to form sentences.

Nf1) elm (מלה MLH) - Word: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (62): word, speech, say, speaking, byword, matter, speak, talking - Strongs: H4405 (מִלֶּה), H4406 (מִלָּה)

B) llm (מלל MLL) AC: Speak CO: Ear AB: ?: A chain of words blended together to form sentences.

V) llm (מלל MLL) - Speak: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (10): (vf: Paal, Piel) speak, utter, say - Strongs: H4448 (מָלַל), H4449 (מְלַל)

bf1) elilm (מלילה MLYLH) - |kjv: ear - Strongs: H4425 (מְלִילָה)

C) lma (אמל AML) AC: Speak CO: Word AB: ?: Chain or words to form a sentence. Also a sickness as a break in the chain of the body.

V) lma (אמל AML) - Speak: [Hebrew and Aramaic] [df: rma] KJV (5379): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hitpael) say, speak, answer, command, tell, call, promise - Strongs: H559 (אָמַר), H560 (אֲמַר)

Nm ) lma (אמל AML) - Word: [df: rma] KJV (49): word, speech, saying, appointed, answer - Strongs: H561 (אֵמֶר)

Nf1 ) elma (אמלה AMLH) - Word: [df: hrma] KJV (37): word, speech, commandment - Strongs: H565 (אֶמְרָה)

am ) lam (מאמל MAML) - Word: [df: rmam] KJV (3): commandment, decree - Strongs: H3982 (מַאֲמָר), H3983 (מֵאמַר)

bm ) lima (אמיל AMYL) - Branch: The conglomeration of branches of the tree. [df: ryma] KJV (2): bough, branch - Strongs: H534 (אָמִיר)

gm ) lmfa (אומל AWML) - Word: [df: rma] KJV (6): word, speech, thing, promise - Strongs: H562 (אֹמֶר)

km ) lmam (מאמל MAML) - Word: [Aramaic only] [df: rmam] KJV (2): appointment, word - Strongs: H3983 (מֵאמַר)

E) alm (מלא MLA) AC: Fill CO: Firstfruits AB: ?: A conglomeration of ingredients for filling up something.

V) alm (מלא MLA) - Fill: [Hebrew and Aramaic] [df: arm] KJV (253): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hitpael, Pual, Piel, Participle) fill, full, fulfill, consecrate, accomplish, replenish, wholly, set, expire, fully, gather, overflow, satisfy, filthy, lift - Strongs: H4390 (מָלָא), H4391 (מְלָא), H4754 (מָרָא)

Nm ) alm (מלא MLA) - I. Full: II. Lord:As one who is full of authority. [Aramaic only] [df: arm]KJV (69): full, fill child, fully, much, multitude, worth, lord - Strongs: H4392 (מָלֵא), H4756 (מָרֵא)

Nf1 ) ealm (מלאה MLAH) - Firstfruits: In the sense of a great filling. KJV (3): fruit, fruit, fullness - Strongs: H4395 (מְלֵאָה)

Nf2) talm (מלאת MLAT) - Full: KJV (1): fitly - Strongs: H4402 (מִלֵּאת)

bm) ailm (מליא MLYA) - Fatling: In the sense of being full. [df: ayrm] KJV (8): fatling, fat, fed - Strongs: H4806 (מְרִיא)

cm ) aflm (מלוא MLWA) - Filling: [df: wlm] KJV (37): full, fullness, therein, all, fill, handful, multitude - Strongs: H4393 (מְלוֹ)

edm ) aflim (מילוא MYLWA) - Filling: KJV (15): consecration, set - Strongs: H4394 (מִלֻּאִים)

edf1) eaflim (מילואה MYLWAH) - Setting: A recess for filling with a stone or other ornament. [df: halm] KJV (3): inclosing, setting - Strongs: H4396 (מִלֻּאָה)

F) lme (המל HML) AC: ? CO: Speech AB: ?

df1 ) elfme (המולה HMWLH) - Speech: KJV (2): tumult, speech - Strongs: H1999 (הֲמוּלָּה)

G) lem (מהל MHL) AC: Mix CO: ? AB: ?: A filling with another substance.

V) lem (מהל MHL) - Mix: KJV (1): (vf: Paal, Participle) mix - Strongs: H4107 (מָהַל)

J) lfm (מול MWL) AC: ? CO: Front AB: ?: The front of a long series of the same. The past is seen as "in front" in ancient Hebrew thought because the past can be seen while the future is unseen and therefore behind.

V) lfm (מול MWL) - Circumcise: A cutting of the front part of the male member. KJV (36): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil) circumcise, destroy, cut, need - Strongs: H4135 (מוּל)

Nm) lfm (מול MWL) - Before: The front of time or a place. KJV (36): against, toward, before, forefront, from, with - Strongs: H4136 (מֻל)

Nf1) elfm (מולה MWLH) - Circumcision: The removal of the front part of the male member. KJV (1): circumcision - Strongs: H4139 (מוּלָה)

im) lfmt (תמול TMWL) - Before: The front of time or a place. KJV (23): yesterday - Strongs: H8543 (תְּמֹל)

nim) lfmta (אתמול ATMWL) - Before: The front of time or a place. KJV (8): yesterday, before, old, late - Strongs: H865 (אֶתְמוּל)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 תְּמוֺל, (תּמֹלׅ23, אֶתְמוֺל5, אֹתְּמוֺל 1 Samuel 10:11, אֶתְּמוֺל Isaiah 30:33; Micah 2:8 (see infinitive),

substantive, used sometimes as

adverb accusative, yesterday, figurative recently, formerly (Aramaic אִתְּמָלֵי, תְּמָלֵי, sometimes אִתְּמוֺל, , , Mandean עתמאל M 202; Ethiopic Assyrian timâli, itimâli, ina timâli (Dl158,721); derivation dubious; according to Mei Gr. Syr. 118 ii. 264f. from Arabic II. prolongavit, IV. longam vitam concessit, tempus, the two times, i.e. night and day, in form an infinitive of VI. ; hence properly long time, (past) time, specialized to yesterday); — yesterday, but usually figurative= recently or formerly:

1 2 Samuel 15:20 תְּמוֺל בּוֺאֲךָ yesterday (=only lately) was thy coming, Job 8:9 תמול אנחנו (of) yesterday (Ges§ 141 d) are we, Psalm 90:4 (genitive) בְּיוֺם אֶתְמוֺל.

2 usuually in combination with שִׁלְשֹׁם yesterday (and) the third day, to express the idea of formerly: thus

a. as adverb accusative (a) גַּם תְּמוֺל גַּם הַיּוֺם 1 Samuel 20:27 (literal), compare Exodus 5:14 (sub b); ( b) תְּמוֺל שִׁלְשֹׁם Exodus 5:8 Ruth Exodus 2:11, so ׳אֶתְמ׳שׁ 1 Samuel 4:7; (c) ׳גַּם שׁ׳גַּם ת 2 Samuel 3:17; 1 Chronicles 11:2 ("" 2 Samuel 5:2 with ׳אֶתְמ).

b.בִּתְמוֺל שִׁלְשֹׁם as formerly Genesis 31:2,5; Exodus 5:7; Joshua 4:18; 1 Samuel 21:6 (but Bu ׳מִתְּ, as c), 2 Kings 13:5; ׳שׁ׳כְּאֶתְמ 1 Samuel 14:21; 1 Samuel 19:7; Exodus 5:14 ׳שׁ׳כִּת גַּם תְּמוֺל גַּם הַיּוֺם as yesterday (and) the third day (= as formerly), both yesterday and to-day (=so more recently).

c.׳מִתְּמוֺל שׁ = (form) aforetime, Exodus 21:29,36; Joshua 3:6, ׳שׁ׳וְהוּא לֹא שׂנֵא לוֺ מִתְּ Deuteronomy 4:42; Deuteronomy 19:4,6; Joshua 20:5; so ׳מֵאִתְּמוֺל שׁ 1 Samuel 10:11; גַּס׳גַּס מִשּׁ ׳מִתְּ Exodus 4:10.

3מֵאֶתְמוּל (alone) Isaiah 30:33 from yesterday = already; וְאֶתְּמוּל עַמִּי Micah 2:8 corrupt, read וְאַתֶּם לְעַמִּי (WRS, with יָקוּם; עַלעַמִּי We Now, with תָּקוּמוּ), and see שֵׂלְמָה.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
List of Word Forms
אֶ֭תְמוֹל אֶתְמ֣וֹל אֶתְמ֥וֹל אתמול וְאֶתְמ֗וּל ואתמול כְּאֶתְמ֣וֹל כְּאֶתְמ֥וֹל כאתמול מֵֽאֶתְמוּל֙ מֵאִתְּמ֣וֹל מאתמול ’eṯ·mō·wl ’eṯmōwl etMol kə’eṯmōwl kə·’eṯ·mō·wl keetMol mê’eṯmūl mê’ittəmōwl mê·’eṯ·mūl mê·’it·tə·mō·wl meetMul meitteMol veetMul wə’eṯmūl wə·’eṯ·mūl
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