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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Cover, Covering

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A — 1: καλύπτω
(Strong's #2572 — Verb — kalupto — kal-oop'-to )

signifies "to cover," Matthew 8:24 ; 10;26 ; Luke 8:16 ; 23:30 ; James 5:20 (RV); 1 Peter 4:8 ; to veil, in 2 Corinthians 4:3 (RV; AV, "hid"). See HIDE.

Note: Cp. the corresponding noun kalumma, "a veil," 2 Corinthians 3:13-16 . See VEIL.

A — 2: ἐπικαλύπτω
(Strong's #1943 — Verb — epikalupto — ep-ee-kal-oop'-to )

"to cover up or over" (epi, "over"), is used in Romans 4:7 , lit., "whose sins are covered over." Cp. epikalumma, "a cloke," 1 Peter 2:16 .

A — 3: περικαλύπτω
(Strong's #4028 — Verb — perikalupto — per-ee-kal-oop'-to )

"to cover around" (peri, "around"), e.g., the face, and so, to blindfold, is translated "cover" in Mark 14:65 , "blindfold" in Luke 22:64 . In Hebrews 9:4 , it signifies "to overlay." See BLINDFOLD , OVERLAY.

A — 4: συγκαλύπτω
(Strong's #4780 — Verb — sunkalupto — soong-kal-oop'-to )

lit., "to cover together;" the sun--, however, is intensive, and the verb signifies "to cover wholly, to cover up," Luke 12:2 .

A — 5: κατακαλύπτω
(Strong's #2619 — Verb — katakalupto — kat-ak-al-oop'-to )

"to cover up" (kata, intensive), in the Middle Voice, "to cover oneself," is used in 1 Corinthians 11:6,7 (RV, "veiled").

Note: In 1 Corinthians 11:4 , "having his head covered" is, lit., "having (something) down the head."

B — 1: περιβόλαιον
(Strong's #4018 — Noun Neuter — peribolaion — per-ib-ol'-ah-yon )

lit. denotes "something thrown around" (peri, "around," ballo, "to throw"); hence, "a veil, covering," 1 Corinthians 11:15 (marg.), or "a mantle around the body, a vesture," Hebrews 1:12 . See CLOTHING , Note (1), VESTURE.

B — 2: σκέπασμα
(Strong's #4629 — Neuter — skepasma — skep'-as-mah )

"a covering" (skepazo, "to cover"), strictly, "a roofing," then, "any kind of shelter or covering," is used in the plural in 1 Timothy 6:8 (AV, "rainment;" RV, "covering").


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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Cover, Covering'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/ved/c/cover-covering.html. 1940.

Lectionary Calendar
Monday, July 22nd, 2019
the Week of Proper 11 / Ordinary 16
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