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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Fare, Farewell

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1: εὐφραίνω
(Strong's #2165 — Verb — euphraino — yoo-frah'ee-no )

in the Active Voice, signifies "to cheer, gladden," 2 Corinthians 2:2 ; in the Passive, "to rejoice, make merry;" translated "faring sumptuously" in Luke 16:19 , especially of food (RV, marg., "living in mirth and splendor"). See GLAD , MERRY , REJOICE.

2: ῥώννυμι
(Strong's #4517 — Verb — rhonnumi — hrone'-noo-mee )

"to strengthen, to be strong," is used in the imperative mood as a formula at the end of letters, signifying "Farewell," Acts 15:29 ; some mss. have it in Acts 23:30 (the RV omits it, as do most versions).

3: ἔχω
(Strong's #2192 — Verb — echo — ekh'-o )

"to have," is used idiomatically in Acts 15:36 , RV, "(how) they fare," AV, "how they do."

4: χαίρω
(Strong's #5463 — Verb — chairo — khah'ee-ro )

"to joy, rejoice, be glad," is used in the imperative mood in salutations, (a) on meeting, "Hail," e.g., Matthew 26:49 ; or with lego, "to say, to give a greeting," 2 John 1:11 ; in letters; "greeting," e.g., Acts 15:23 ; (b) at parting, the underlying thought being joy, 2 Corinthians 13:11 (RV, marg., "rejoice"); (c) on other occasions, see the RV marg. in Philippians 3:1 ; 4:4 . See GLAD , GREETING , No. 2, HAIL, JOY, JOYFULLY.

Note: As "farewell" is inadequate to express chairo, which always conveys the thought of joy or cheer, (b) properly comes under (c).

5: ἀποτάσσω
(Strong's #657 — Verb — apotasso — ap-ot-as'-som-ahee )

primarily denotes "to set apart;" then, in the Middle Voice, (a) "to take leave of, bid farewell to," Mark 6:46 , "had taken leave of;" cp. Acts 18:18,21 ; 2 Corinthians 2:13 (in these three verses, the verb may signify to give final instructions to); Luke 9:61 , "to bid farewell;" (b) "to forsake," Luke 14:33 . In the papyri, besides saying goodbye, the stronger meaning is found of getting rid of a person (Moulton and Milligan). See FORSAKE , LEAVE (take), RENOUNCE , SEND (away).

Note: For aspazomai, "to bid farewell," see LEAVE (c), No. 2.

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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Fare, Farewell'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. 1940.

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