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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Forsake

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A — 1: καταλείπω

(Strong's #2641 — Verb — kataleipo — kat-al-i'-po )

a strengthened form of leipo, "to leave," signifies (a) "to leave, to leave behind," e.g., Matthew 4:13; (b) "to leave remaining, reserve," e.g., Luke 10:40; (c) "to forsake," in the sense of abandoning, translated "to forsake" in the RV of Luke 5:28; Acts 6:2; in Hebrews 11:27; 2 Peter 2:15 , AV and RV. In this sense it is translated "to leave," in Mark 10:7; 14:52; Luke 15:4; Ephesians 5:31 . See LEAVE , RESERVE.

A — 2: ἐγκαταλείπω

(Strong's #1459 — Verb — enkataleipo — eng-kat-al-i'-po )

from en, "in," and No. 1, denotes (a) "to leave behind, among, leave surviving," Romans 9:29; (b) "to forsake, abandon, leave in straits, or helpless," said by, or of, Christ, Matthew 27:46; Mark 15:34; Acts 2:27,31 (No. 1 in some mss.); of men, 2 Corinthians 4:9; 2 Timothy 4:10,16; by God, Hebrews 13:5; of things, by Christians (negatively), Hebrews 10:25 . See LEAVE.

A — 3: ἀφίημι

(Strong's #863 — Verb — aphiemi — af-ee'-ay-mee )

sometimes has the significance of "forsaking," Mark 1:18; 14:50 (RV, "left"); so Luke 5:11 . See FORGIVE.

A — 4: ἀποτάσσω

(Strong's #657 — Verb — apotasso — ap-ot-as'-som-ahee )

primarily, "to set apart" (apo, off, "from," tasso, "to arrange"), is used in the Middle Voice, meaning (a) "to take leave of," e.g., Mark 6:46 , (b) "to renounce, forsake," Luke 14:33 , AV, "forsaketh," RV, "renounceth" ("all that he hath"). See BID FAREWELL , RENOUNCE , SEND , Note (2) at end, TAKE , Note (14).

B — 1: ἀποστασία

(Strong's #646 — Noun Feminine — apostasia — ap-os-tas-ee'-ah )

"an apostasy, defection, revolt," always in NT of religious defection, is translated "to forsake" in Acts 21:21 , lit., "(thou teachest) apostasy (from Moses);" in 2 Thessalonians 2:3 , "falling away." See FALL.

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These files are public domain.

Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Forsake'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ved/f/forsake.html. 1940.

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