corner graphic   Hi,    
ver. 2.0.19.11.11
Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Go to classic.studylight.org/

Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Flesh

Resource Toolbox
Additional Links
1: σάρξ
(Strong's #4561 — Noun Feminine — sarx — sarx )

has a wider range of meaning in the NT than in the OT. Its uses in the NT may be analyzed as follows:

"(a) "the substance of the body," whether of beasts or of men, 1 Corinthians 15:39 ; (b) "the human body," 2 Corinthians 10:3 ; Galatians 2:20 ; Philippians 1:22 ; (c) by synecdoche, of "mankind," in the totality of all that is essential to manhood, i.e., spirit, soul, and body, Matthew 24:22 ; John 1:13 ; Romans 3:20 ; (d) by synecdoche, of "the holy humanity" of the Lord Jesus, in the totality of all that is essential to manhood, i.e., spirit, soul, and body, John 1:14 ; 1 Timothy 3:16 ; 1 John 4:2 ; 2 John 1:7 ; in Hebrews 5:7 , "the days of His flesh," i.e., His past life on earth in distinction from His present life in resurrection; (e) by synecdoche, for "the complete person," John 6:51-57 ; 2 Corinthians 7:5 ; James 5:3 ; (f) "the weaker element in human nature," Matthew 26:41 ; Romans 6:19 ; 8:3 ; (g) "the unregenerate state of men," Romans 7:5 ; 8:8,9 ; (h) "the seat of sin in man" (but this is not the same thing as in the body), 2 Peter 2:18 ; 1 John 2:16 ; (i) "the lower and temporary element in the Christian," Galatians 3:3 ; 6:8 , and in religious ordinances, Hebrews 9:10 ; (j) "the natural attainments of men," 1 Corinthians 1:26 ; 2 Corinthians 10:2,3 ; (k) "circumstances," 1 Corinthians 7:28 ; the externals of life, 2 Corinthians 7:1 ; Ephesians 6:5 ; Hebrews 9:13 ; (l) by metonymy, "the outward and seeming," as contrasted with the spirit, the inward and real, John 6:63 ; 2 Corinthians 5:16 ; (m) "natural relationship, consanguine," 1 Corinthians 10:18 ; Galatians 4:23 , or marital, Matthew 19:5 ." * [* From Notes on Galatians, by Hogg and Vine, pp. 111,112.]

In Matthew 26:41 ; Romans 8:4,13 ; 1 Corinthians 5:5 ; Galatians 6:8 (not the Holy Spirit, here), "flesh" is contrasted with spirit; in Romans 2:28,29 , with heart and spirit; in Romans 7:25 , with the mind; cp. Colossians 2:1,5 . It is coupled with the mind in Ephesians 2:3 , and with the spirit in 2 Corinthians 7:1 .

Note: In Colossians 2:18 the noun sarx is used in the phrase "(by his) fleshly mind," lit., "by the mind of his flesh" [see (h) above], whereas the mind ought to be dominated by the Spirit.

2: κρέας
(Strong's #2907 — Noun Neuter — kreas — kreh'-as )

denotes "flesh" in the sense of meat. It is used in the plural in Romans 14:21 ; 1 Corinthians 8:13 .


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.

Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Flesh'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/ved/f/flesh.html. 1940.

Lectionary Calendar
Monday, November 11th, 2019
the Week of Proper 27 / Ordinary 32
ADVERTISEMENT
Search for…
Enter query in the box:
 or 
Choose a letter to browse:
A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M 
N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z 

 
Prev Entry
Flee, Fled
Next Entry
Fleshly, Fleshly
ADVERTISEMENT
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology