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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #4561 - σάρξ

Transliteration
sárx
Phonetics
sarx
Origin
probably from the base of (G4563)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
TDNT
7:98,1000
Definition
Thayer's
  1. flesh (the soft substance of the living body, which covers the bones and is permeated with blood) of both man and beasts
  2. the body
    1. the body of a man
    2. used of natural or physical origin, generation or relationship
      1. born of natural generation
    3. the sensuous nature of man, "the animal nature"
      1. without any suggestion of depravity
      2. the animal nature with cravings which incite to sin
      3. the physical nature of man as subject to suffering
  3. a living creature (because possessed of a body of flesh) whether man or beast
  4. the flesh, denotes mere human nature, the earthly nature of man apart from divine influence, and therefore prone to sin and opposed to God
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1320 ‑ בָּשָׂר (baw‑sawr');  3894 ‑ לָחֻם (law‑khoom', law‑khoom');  7607 ‑ שְׁאֵר (sheh‑ayr');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (150)
Matthew
5
Mark
4
Luke
2
John
12
Acts
4
Romans
27
1 Corinthians
11
2 Corinthians
11
Galatians
18
Ephesians
10
Philippians
5
Colossians
9
1 Timothy
1
Philemon
1
Hebrews
6
James
1
1 Peter
7
2 Peter
2
1 John
3
2 John
1
Jude
3
Revelation
7
NAS (149)
Matthew
5
Mark
4
Luke
2
John
13
Acts
3
Romans
27
1 Corinthians
11
2 Corinthians
11
Galatians
19
Ephesians
9
Philippians
5
Colossians
9
1 Timothy
1
Philemon
1
Hebrews
6
James
1
1 Peter
7
2 Peter
2
1 John
2
2 John
1
Jude
3
Revelation
7
HCS (143)
Matthew
5
Mark
4
Luke
1
John
13
Acts
3
Romans
26
1 Corinthians
10
2 Corinthians
10
Galatians
18
Ephesians
9
Philippians
5
Colossians
8
1 Timothy
1
Philemon
1
Hebrews
6
James
1
1 Peter
7
2 Peter
2
1 John
2
2 John
1
Jude
3
Revelation
7
BSB (147)
Matthew
5
Mark
4
Luke
2
John
13
Acts
3
Romans
26
1 Corinthians
11
2 Corinthians
11
Galatians
18
Ephesians
9
Philippians
5
Colossians
9
1 Timothy
1
Philemon
1
Hebrews
6
James
1
1 Peter
7
2 Peter
2
1 John
2
2 John
1
Jude
3
Revelation
7
ESV (126)
Matthew
5
Mark
4
Luke
2
John
13
Acts
3
Romans
22
1 Corinthians
6
2 Corinthians
11
Galatians
17
Ephesians
8
Philippians
5
Colossians
8
1 Timothy
1
Hebrews
5
James
1
1 Peter
6
1 John
2
Revelation
7
WEB (154)
Matthew
5
Mark
4
Luke
2
John
13
Acts
4
Romans
27
1 Corinthians
12
2 Corinthians
11
Galatians
18
Ephesians
10
Philippians
5
Colossians
9
1 Timothy
1
Philemon
1
Hebrews
8
James
1
1 Peter
7
2 Peter
2
1 John
3
2 John
1
Jude
3
Revelation
7
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

σάρξ,

gen. σαρκός, ἡ, Aeol. σύρξ EM 708.31:

flesh, Hom. always in pl., exc. Od. 19.450, cf. Hes. Sc. 364, 461; κορέει κύνας . . δημῷ καὶ σάρκεσσι Il. 8.380; ἔγκατά τε σάρκας τε καὶ ὀστέα Od. 9.293, cf. 11.219; σάρκες περιτρομέοντο μέλεσσιν 18.77, cf. Hes. Th. 538, Pi. Fr. 168, etc.; τούτου σάρκας λύκοι πάσονται A. Th. 1040; ὀπτὰς σάρκας Id. Ag. 1097; σάρκες δ' ἀπ' ὀστέων . . ἀπέρρεον E. Med. 1200; sts. to represent the whole body, μήτε γῆ δέξαιτό μου σάρκας θανόντος Id. Hipp. 1031, cf. 1239, 1343 (anap.): sg. later in same sense, τοῦ αἵματος . . πηγνυμένου ς. γίνεται (of the foetus) Hp. Nat.Puer. 15, cf. Steril. 233; κορέσαι στόμα πρὸς χάριν ἐμᾶς σαρκὸς αἰόλας S. Ph. 1157 (lyr.); ἔδαπτον σάρκα E. Med. 1189, cf. Ba. 1136, Cyc. 344, etc.: also collectively, of the body, γέροντα τὸν νοῦν, σάρκα δ' ἡβῶσαν φέρει A. Th. 622; σαρκὶ παλαιᾶ Id. Ag. 72 (anap.); σαρκὸς περιβόλαια, ἐνδυτά, E. HF 1269, Ba. 746: Pl. uses sg. and pl. in much the same manner, ταῖς σαρξὶ σάρκες προσγένωνται Phd. 96d, cf. Smp. 211e, R. 556d, Grg. 518c, etc.; τῆς σαρκὸς διαλυτικόν Ti. 60b, cf. 61c, 62b, etc.: portions of meat, usu. in pl., σάρκας τρεῖς IG 12(7).237.17 ( Amorgos ) (sg., ib.12(2).498.16 (Methymna, iii B.C. )); but, pieces of flesh or membrane, βήσσοντα . . ὥστε σάρκας ἐνπύους . . ἀποβάλλειν SIG 1171.5 ( Lebena ). εἰς σάρκα πημαίνειν to the quick, Phld. Herc. 1289p.60V.

2. ἡ ς. τοῦ σκύτεος the inner or flesh-side of leather, Hp. Art. 33 .

3. fleshy, pulpy substance of fruit, Thphr. CP 6.8.5, HP 1.2.6, 4.15.1, al.

II the flesh, as the seat of the affections and lusts, fleshly nature, ἐν τῇ ς. ἡ ἡδονή Epicur. Sent. 18, cf. Sent.Vat. 33; ἀδούλωτον (prob. l.) τῇ σαρκὶ καὶ τοῖς ταύτης πάθεσι Plu. 2.107f, cf. 101b; freq. in NT, Ep.Galatians 5:19, al.

2. in NT also, the body, τῆς σαρκὸς πρόνοια Ep.Romans 13:14; οὔτε ἡ ς. αὐτοῦ εἶδεν διαφθοράν Acts 2:31, etc.: hence (partly as a Hebraism) πᾶσα σάρξ, = every- body, LXX Genesis 6:12, al., Ev.Luke 3:6, etc.; οὐ . . πᾶσα σάρξ no body, Ev. Matthew 24:22, etc.

3. the physical or natural order of things, opp. the spiritual or supernatural, σοφοὶ κατὰ σάρκα 1 Corinthians 1:26; ἐν Χριστῷ Ἰησοῦ καὶ οὐκ ἐν σαρκὶ πεποιθότες Ep.Philippians 3:3; τὸν κύριον τῶν πνευμάτων καὶ πάσης ς . SIG 1181.3 ( ii B.C., Jewish). (Perh. I.- E. twr[kcirc ]- 'portion', cf. Avest. θ war[schwa]s- 'cut'.)

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

σάρξ , σαρκός , ,

[in LXX chiefly for H1320;]

flesh;

1. as in cl. generally,

(a) prop., of the soft substance of the animal body: 1 Corinthians 15:39, 2 Corinthians 12:7, Galatians 6:13, al.; σ . καὶ αἷμα , 1 Corinthians 15:50; σ . καὶ ὀστέα , Luke 24:39; pl., of the flesh of many or parts of the flesh of one (cl.), Revelation 17:16; Revelation 19:18 φαγεῖν , Re, ll. C. (cf. κατεσθίειν , 2 Kings 9:36, al., and βιβρώσκειν , freq. in ώ .); metaph., James 5:3; mystically, φ . (τρώγειν ) τὴν σ . τοῦ υἱοῦ τ . ἀνθρώπου , John 6:52-56;

(b) of the whole substance of the body, = σῶμα : Acts 2:26 (LXX) Acts 2:31, 2 Corinthians 12:7, Galatians 4:14, Ephesians 5:29; μία σ ., Mark 10:8; εἰς σ . μίαν (Genesis 2:24), Matthew 19:5, Mark 10:8, 1 Corinthians 6:16, Ephesians 5:31; hence, of the material as opp. to the immaterial part of man (cf. Lft., Notes, 88): opp. to πνεῦμα , 1 Corinthians 5:5, 2 Corinthians 7:1, Colossians 2:5, 1 Peter 3:18; 1 Peter 4:6; to ψυχή , Acts 2:31, Rec.; of the present life, ἐν σ ., Romans 7:5, Galatians 2:20, Philippians 1:22; Philippians 1:24, 1 Peter 4:2; of Christ's life on earth, αἱ ἡμέραι τ . σαρκὸς αὐτοῦ , Hebrews 5:7; of things pertaining to the body, ἐν (τῇ ) σ ., Galatians 6:12-13, Philippians 3:3-4

2. As in Heb. idiom,

(a) of a living creature: πᾶσα σ . (Heb. H1320־ H3605; cf. El., § 47, 9), Matthew 24:22, Mark 13:20, 1 Peter 1:24; esp. of man and his mortality (Psalms 56:5, Sirach 28:5, al.), John 1:14; πᾶσα σ . (v. supr.), Luke 3:6, John 17:2, Acts 2:17; ἐν σ ., 1 John 4:2, 1 Timothy 3:16;

(b) of natural origin and relationship (Genesis 2:24, Isaiah 58:7, al.): τέκνα τῆς σ ., Romans 9:8; κατὰ σάρκα , Romans 9:3; Romans 9:5, 1 Corinthians 10:18, Galatians 4:23; Galatians 4:29; ἡ σ . μου , Romans 11:14 (cf. Judges 9:2, 2 Samuel 5:1, al.).

3. Of the physical nature as subject to sensation and desire (Plut.),

(a) without any ethical disparagement: Romans 7:18; Romans 13:14; opp. to πνεῦμα , Matthew 26:41, Mark 14:38; τ . θέλημα τῆς σ ., John 1:13; ἡ ἐπιθυμία τῆς σ ., 1 John 2:16; pl., 2 Peter 2:18; πειθεῖν σαρκί , 1 Peter 4:1;

(b) in ethical sense, esp. in Pauline Epp., of the flesh as the seat and vehicle of sinful desires: opp. to νοῦς , Romans 7:25; to πνεῦμα , Romans 8:4-9; Romans 8:12-13 Galatians 5:16-17; Galatians 5:19; Galatians 6:8 (cf. DB, ii, 14 f.; iv, 165 f.; Cremer, 844 ff.).


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

in plur. = ";spoils"; (Luke 11:22) : cf. P Hamb I. 91.4 (B.C. 167) ἀπὸ τῶν γενομένων σκύλ [ω ]ν ἐν Τεβέτνοι παρεδόθη μοι ὑπὸ τ [ῶν συν ]στρατιω [τῶν αἰχμά ]λω ̣τα δ ̄, and ib..30 παραδοῦναί μοι τὰ σ [κῦλ ]α ̣. Add from the inscrr. Syll 35 (= .3 61).1 (after B.C. 440) σκῦλα ἀπὸ Θουρίον Ταραντῖνοι ἀνέθηκαν Διὶ Ὀλυμπίοι δεκάταν, OGIS 332.8 (B.C. 138–2) ἄγαλμα. . βεβηκὸς ἐπὶ σκύλμων ἐν τῶι ναῶι τοῦ Σωτῆρος Ἀσκληπιοῦ.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
σαρκα σάρκα σαρκας σάρκας σάρκες σαρκι σαρκί σαρκὶ σαρκος σαρκός σαρκὸς σαρκων σαρκών σαρκῶν σαρξ σάρξ σὰρξ σαρξί σαρξίν sarka sárka sarkas sárkas sarki sarkí sarkì sarkon sarkôn sarkōn sarkō̂n sarkos sarkós sarkòs sarx sárx sàrx
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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