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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Lest

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1: μή
(Strong's #3361 — particle — me — may )

a negative particle, often used as a conjunction, is frequently translated "lest," e.g., Mark 13:36 (in ver. 5, RV, "that no," for AV, "lest"); Acts 13:40 ; 23:10 .

2: ἵνα μή
(Strong's #3363 — Conjunction — hina me — hin'-ah may )

"in order that not," is rendered "lest," e.g., in Matthew 17:27 ; in some instances the RV renders the phrase "that ... not," e.g., Luke 8:12 , or "that ... no," 1 Corinthians 9:12 (AV, "lest").

3: μήποτε
(Strong's #3379 — Conjunction — mepote | me pote — may'-pot-eh, may pot'-eh )

denotes "lest ever, lest perhaps, lest at any time," e.g., Matthew 4:6 ; "lest haply," Matthew 7:6 , RV (AV, "lest"), and in Matthew 13:15 (AV, "lest at any time"); in Matthew 25:9 , RV, "peradventure" (AV, "lest"). The RV does not translate this simply by "lest," as in the AV; see further, e.g., in Matthew 27:64 ; Mark 14:2 ; Luke 12:58 ; the addition of pote requires the fuller rendering.

Note: In Luke 14:29 , the conjunctive phrase hina mepote, "lest haply," is used.

4: μήπως
(Strong's #3381 — Conjunction — mepos | me pos — may'-poce, may poce )

used as a conjunction, denotes "lest somehow, lest haply, lest by any means," e.g., 2 Corinthians 2:7 , RV, "lest by any means" (AV, "lest perhaps"); so 2 Corinthians 12:20 (twice); Galatians 4:11 (AV, "lest"); in 1 Thessalonians 3:5 (AV, "lest by some means").

5: μή
(Strong's #3361 4225 — particle — mepou | me pou — may )

"lest perhaps," is used in Acts 27:29 , RV, "lest haply" (AV, "lest").

Note: In 2 Corinthians 4:4 , AV, the phrase eis ("unto") to ("the") me ("not"), i.e., "in order that ... not," is rendered "lest (the light) ... should;" RV, "that (the light) ... should not."


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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Lest'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/ved/l/lest.html. 1940.

Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, July 18th, 2019
the Week of Proper 10 / Ordinary 15
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