Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #3361 - μή

Transliteration
mḗ
Phonetics
may
Origin
a primary particle of qualified negation (whereas (3756) expresses an absolute denial)
Parts of Speech
particle
TDNT
None
Definition
Thayer's
  1. no, not lest
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (611)
Matthew
72
Mark
39
Luke
90
John
39
Acts
50
Romans
53
1 Corinthians
49
2 Corinthians
26
Galatians
12
Ephesians
13
Philippians
4
Colossians
10
1 Thessalonians
9
2 Thessalonians
10
1 Timothy
21
2 Timothy
3
Titus
12
Hebrews
27
James
19
1 Peter
13
2 Peter
2
1 John
16
2 John
4
3 John
2
Jude
3
Revelation
13
NAS (124)
Matthew
12
Mark
11
Luke
12
John
9
Acts
8
Romans
18
1 Corinthians
14
2 Corinthians
9
Galatians
5
Ephesians
3
Colossians
2
1 Thessalonians
4
2 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
3
Hebrews
6
James
4
1 Peter
1
Revelation
2
HCS (1000)
Matthew
121
Mark
74
Luke
132
John
112
Acts
59
Romans
79
1 Corinthians
96
2 Corinthians
44
Galatians
21
Ephesians
16
Philippians
6
Colossians
10
1 Thessalonians
14
2 Thessalonians
11
1 Timothy
24
2 Timothy
4
Titus
14
Philemon
2
Hebrews
39
James
24
1 Peter
14
2 Peter
6
1 John
20
2 John
5
3 John
2
Jude
3
Revelation
48
BSB (1060)
Matthew
133
Mark
79
Luke
143
John
119
Acts
66
Romans
80
1 Corinthians
97
2 Corinthians
49
Galatians
24
Ephesians
16
Philippians
6
Colossians
10
1 Thessalonians
15
2 Thessalonians
11
1 Timothy
24
2 Timothy
5
Titus
13
Philemon
2
Hebrews
44
James
24
1 Peter
14
2 Peter
6
1 John
20
2 John
5
3 John
2
Jude
3
Revelation
50
ESV (580)
Matthew
53
Mark
27
Luke
77
John
42
Acts
47
Romans
56
1 Corinthians
65
2 Corinthians
29
Galatians
16
Ephesians
13
Philippians
4
Colossians
8
1 Thessalonians
9
2 Thessalonians
8
1 Timothy
19
2 Timothy
3
Titus
11
Hebrews
25
James
22
1 Peter
11
2 Peter
2
1 John
16
Revelation
17
WEB (966)
Matthew
115
Mark
63
Luke
132
John
105
Acts
64
Romans
76
1 Corinthians
90
2 Corinthians
45
Galatians
22
Ephesians
15
Philippians
5
Colossians
11
1 Thessalonians
14
2 Thessalonians
11
1 Timothy
23
2 Timothy
3
Titus
15
Philemon
1
Hebrews
43
James
23
1 Peter
14
2 Peter
4
1 John
19
2 John
5
3 John
2
Jude
3
Revelation
43
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

μή,

Elean μά [] SIG 9.5 (Olympia, vi B.C.). (Cf. Skt. mâ´, Arm. mi [from I.- E. mç´ ], negative used in prohibitions): not, the negative of the will and thought, as οὐ of fact and statement; μή rejects, οὐ denies; μή is relative, οὐ absolute; μή subjective, οὐ objective. (A few examples of μηδέ and μηδείς have been included.) in

INDEPENDENT sentences, used in expressions of will or wish, command, entreaty, warning,

1 with pres. imper., 2 pers., μή μ' ἐρέθιζε Il. 1.32, al.; 3 pers., μή μευ πειράτω 9.345, etc.: rarely with aor. imper., μὴ.. ἔνθεο τιμῇ 4.410, cf. Od. 24.248; in Att., μὴ ψεῦσον, ὦ Ζεῦ, τῆς.. ἐλπίδος Ar. Th. 870; 3 pers., μή τις ἀκουσάτω Od. 16.301, cf. Pi. O. 8.55, P. 5.23, A. Th. 1041, S. Aj. 1180; μηδεὶς νομισάτω, προσδοκησάτω X. Cyr. 7.5.73, Pl. Revelation 17:1-18 c: with pf. imper. 3 pers., μή τις ὀπίσσω τετράφθω Il. 12.272; or 2 pers. when pf. = pres., μὴ κεκράγετε Ar. V. 415.

2. with subj. (usu. 2 pers. of aor.), in prohibitions, μὴ δή με.. ἐάσῃς Il. 5.684, cf. A. Pr. 583 (lyr.), al.; μή τοί με κρύψῃς τοῦτο ib. 625, cf. S. Ph. 470; μὴ φθονήσῃς Pl. Prt. 320c: coupled with pres. imper., μὴ βοηθήσητε τῷ πεπονθότι δεινά, μὴ εὐορκεῖτε D. 21.211; 3 pers., μὴ.. γένηται Il. 4.37, cf. Od. 22.213; μὴ ματεύσῃ θεὸς γενέσθαι Pi. O. 5.24: rarely, if ever, with 2 pers. pres. subj., μὴ κάμνῃς E. IA 1143 (leg. κάμῃς); 3 pers., μή τις οἴηται, = μὴ οἰώμεθα, Pl. Lg. 861e: also with the hortative subj. used to supply the 1 pers. of the imper., pres. μὴ ἴομεν (ἴωμεν) Il. 12.216, etc.; μὴ διώκωμεν Hdt. 8.109, etc.: aor. μὴ πάθωμεν X. Cyr. 1.5.11, etc.: rarely with 1 sg., μή σε.. κιχείω Il. 1.26, cf. 21.475, 22.123, S. OC 174 (anap.). with pres. or aor. subj. in a warning or statement of fear, μὴ.. γένησθε take care you do not become, Il. 5.487; μὴ.. ὑφαίνῃσιν I fear.. may prove to be weaving, Od. 5.356; αἷμα μὴ σοῖς ἐξομόρξωμαι πέπλοις E. HF 1399: in Att. Prose, to make a polite suggestion of apprehension or hesitation, perhaps, μὴ ἀγροικότερον ᾖ τὸ ἀληθὲς εἰπεῖν Pl. Grg. 462e, cf. Tht. 188d, Arist. Pol. 1291a8, al.: in later Greek the ind. is found, μὴ ἡ ἔννοια ἡμῶν.. ἀντιλαμβάνεται Dam. Proverbs 20:1-30.

3. with fut. ind., a dub. usage (νεμεσήσετ ' is subj. in Il. 15.115), μηδεμίαν ἄδειαν δώσετε Lys. 29.13; μὴ βουλήσεσθε (Pap. βούλη[σθ]ε) D. 23.117; cf. μαλακὸν ἐνδώσετε μηδέν Ar. Pl. 488.

4. with past tenses of ind. to express an unfulfilled wish, μὴ ὄφελες λίσσεσθαι Il. 9.698, cf. Od. 11.548; μή ποτ' ὤφελον λιπεῖν τὴν Σκῦρον S. Ph. 969; εἴθε μή ποτ' εἰδόμαν Id. OT 1217 (lyr.), cf. E. IA 70, Cyc. 186, X. Cyr. 4.6.3.

5. with opt. to express a negative wish, with pres., ἃ μὴ κραίνοι τύχη A. Th. 426, cf. Eu. 938 (lyr.): more freq. with aor., μὴ σέ γ' ἐν ἀμφιάλῳ Ἰθάκῃ βασιλῆα Κρονίων ποιήσειεν Od. 1.386, cf. 403, 11.613.

6. in oaths and asseverations, ἴστω Ζεὺς.., μὴ μὲν τοῖς ἵπποισιν ἀνὴρ ἐποχήσεται ἄλλος Il. 10.330; ἴστω νῦν τόδε Γαῖα.., μὴ.. Ποσειδάων.. πημαίνει Τρῶας 15.41; μὰ τὴν Ἀφροδίτην.., μὴ ἐγώ σ' ἀφήσω Ar. Ec. 1000, cf. Av. 195, Lys. 917.

7. c. inf., when used as imper., μὴ δή μοι ἀπόπροθεν ἰσχέμεν ἵππους Il. 17.501; μὴ πρὶν ἐπ' ἠέλιον δῦναι 2.413; οἷς μὴ πελάζειν A. Pr. 712.

8. freq. without a Verb, εἰ χρή, θανοῦμαι. Answ. μὴ σύ γε (sc. θάνῃς) S. OC 1441; ἄπελθε νῦν. Answ. μὴ (sc. γενέσθω) ἀλλά nay but, Ar. Ach. 458; in curt expressions, μὴ τριβὰς ἔτι (sc. ποιεῖσθε) S. Ant. 577; μή μοι σύ none of that to me! E. Med. 964; μή μοι πρόφασιν no excuses! Ar. Ach. 345; μή μοί γε μύθους Id. V. 1179.

in DEPENDENT clauses:

1 with Final Conjs., ἵνα μή Il. 19.348, etc.; ὅπως μή D. 27.5,al.; ὡς μή Il. 8.37, A. Pr. 53,al.; ὄφρα μή Il. 1.118,al.: with ὅπως ἄν and ὡς ἄν, that so, ὅπως ἂν.. μηδέ Ar. V. 178, Pl. Grg. 481a; ὡς ἂν μή Od. 4.749, Hdt. 1.5; but μή alone, = ἵνα μή, lest, ἀπόστιχε μή τινοήσῃ Ἥρη Il. 1.522, cf. 587; λίσσεσθαι.., μή οἱ.. χολώσαιτο φρένα κούρη Od. 6.147: fut. ind. and aor. subj. in consecutive clauses, Ar. Ec. 495 (lyr., dub.l.).

2. in the protasis of conditional sentences, v. εἰ (for the exceptions v. οὐ), and with temporal conjunctions used conditionally, v. ἐπειδάν, ὅταν, ὅτε, etc. ὅτι μή except, ὅτι μὴ Χῖοι μοῦνοι Hdt. 1.18, cf. Th. 4.26; ὅτι μὴ πᾶσα ἀνάγκη Pl. Phd. 67a; ὅσον μή ib. 83a; ὅσα μὴ ἀποβαίνοντες provided only that they did not disembark, Th. 4.16.

3. in later Gr., with causal Conjs., ὁ μὴ πιστεύων ἤδη κέκριται, ὅτι μὴ πεπίστευκεν John 3:18, cf. Luc. DMort. 21.2, D Deor. 2.1; ἐπεὶ μή Id. Hist.Conscr. 3, etc.: also after ὅτι and ὡς that, ὅτι μὴ ἐστὶν ἐπίπεδος οὕτως ἂν καταμάθοιμεν Cleom. 1.8, cf. Luc. Hist.Conscr. 29, DDeor. 20.10.

4. in relat. clauses, which imply a condition or generality, ὃς δὲ μὴ εἶδέ κω τὴν κανναβίδα whoever.., Hdt. 4.74; ὃ μὴ κελεύσει (fort. κελεύσαι) Ζεύς such a thing as.., A. Eu. 618, cf. 661, 899; λέγονθ' ἃ μὴ δεῖ such things as one ought not, S. Ph. 583; λόγοις τοιούτοις οἷς σὺ μὴ τέρψῃ κλύων Id. Ant. 691; ὅπου μὴ ἠθέλησεν Antipho 1.7: freq. with subj., ᾧ μὴ ἄλλοι ἀοσσητῆρες ἔωσιν Od. 4.165, al.: with ἄν, S. OT 281: with opt., ἃ μὴ σαφῶς εἰδείη X. Cyr. 1.6.19, etc.: less freq. with opt. and ἄν, Pl. Phlb. 20a, Lg. 839a; γένοιτο δ' ἂν ἐν ᾗ μή τι ἂν προσδοκήσειεν χώρᾳ ib. 872d.

5. c. inf., regularlyfrom Homer on, exc. after Verbs of saying and thinking (but v. infr. c): after ὥστε or ὡς, ὥστε μὴ φρονεῖν A. Pers. 725 (troch.), etc. (for exceptions v. οὐ): always when the inf. takes the Art., τὸ μὴ προμαθεῖν Pi. O. 8.60; τὸ μὴ ἀμελεῖν μάθε A. Eu. 86, cf. 749, Pr. 624; λείπομαι ἐν τῷ μὴ δύνασθαι S. OC 496. by an apparent pleonasm after Verbs of negative result signifying to forbid, deny, and the like, ὁ δ' ἀναίνετο μηδὲν ἑλέσθαι Il. 18.500 (without μή ib. 450); ἀντιδικεῖν Lys. 6.12 (μηδέν) ; ἀντιλέγειν Th. 5.49, Isa 4.15 (μηδέ) ; ἀπαγορεύειν Antipho 5.34, And. 4.9; ἀπειπεῖν Ar. Av. 557, D. 33.19, etc.; ἀπαυδᾶν Ar. Eq. 1072; ἀπείργειν E. Hel. 1559, al. (without μή S. Aj. 70); ἀπιστεῖν Th. 4.40; ἀπεγνωκέναι Lys. 1.34; ἀποστερεῖσθαι Antipho 2.4.1 (μηδέ) ; ἀποτρέπεσθαι Id. 5.32 (μηδέν) ; ἀρνεῖσθαι, ἔξαρνος εἶναι, Ar. Eq. 572, Hdt. 3.67; ἐναντιωθῆναι Pl. Ap. 32b; σχεῖν Hdt. 1.158; παύειν (where the part. is more freq.) Ar. Ach. 634; κωλῦσαι E. Ph. 1269; ἐπάρατον ἦν μὴ οἰκεῖν Th. 2.17: in these cases the Art. freq. precedes μή, τὸ δὲ μὴ λεηλατῆσαι.. ἔσχε τόδε Hdt. 5.101; ἐξομῇ τὸ μὴ εἰδέναι; S. Ant. 535; εἴργειν τὸ μή.. Th. 3.1, etc.; also ἀπέφυγε τὰ σφῷν τὸ μὴ πίτνειν κακῶς S. OC 1740 (lyr.): with Art. in gen., ἔχειν τοῦ μή.. X. An. 3.5.71; ἐμποδὼν γίγνεσθαι τοῦ μή.. Id. Cyr. 2.4.23. after Verbs of saying and thinking which involve an action of will, as in those signifying to swear, aver, believe, and the like; so after ὄμνυμι, Il. 9.133, Od. 5.179, Hdt. 1.165, 2.179, Ar. V. 1047, etc.; μαρτυρῶ Lys. 7.11, D. 45.15, etc.; ὁμολογῶ Pl. Prt. 336b, Smp. 202b, cf. Phd. 93d, etc.; ἐγγυῶμαι Pi. O. 11(10).18, Pl. Prt. 336d; πέπεισμαι Id. Ap. 37a, etc.; πιστεύω And. 1.2, X. An. 1.9.8, etc.: occasionally with other Verbs, φημί Id. Mem. 1.2.39, Pl. Tht. 155a; λέγω, προλέγω, Th. 5.49, 1.139; πάντες ἐροῦσι μή.. X. Cyr. 7.1.18; νομίζω ib. 7.5.59, Th. 6.102; ἡγοῦμαι Pl. Ap. 27d: very freq. in later Gr., Matthew 2:12, Luc. Peregr. 44, etc.

6. with the part., when it can be resolved into a conditional clause, μὴ ἐνείκας, = εἰ μὴ ἤνεικε, Hdt. 4.64; μὴ θέλων, = εἰ μὴ θέλεις, A. Pr. 504; μὴ δολώσαντος θεοῦ, = εἰ μὴ ἐδόλωσε, Id. Ag. 273; μὴ δρῶν, = εἰ μὴ δρῴην, S. OT 77, etc.: in a general or characteristic sense, δίδασκέ με ὡς μὴ εἰδότα, = ut qui nihil sciam, Id. OC 1155, cf. Ant. 1063, 1064; τίς πρὸς ἀνδρὸς μὴ βλέποντος ἄρκεσις; one who sees not, Id. OC 73: in this signf. freq. with the Art., ὁ μὴ λεύσσων Id. Tr. 828 (lyr.); ὁ μὴ δουλεύσας Pl. Lg. 762e; τῷ μὴ εἰργασμένῳ Antipho 5.65; τὸν.. μὴ φροντίσαντα Lycurg. 27, cf. 45, etc.: with causal significance, μὴ παρὼν θαυμάζεται S. OT 289, etc.; ἄθλια πάσχω μὴ.. μόνον βιαζόμενος Antipho 2.2.4; ἑτέρας μηδεμιᾶς ὁμολογουμένης εἶναι Isaiah 5:16; μηδενὸς ἐμποδὼν ὄντος D. 3.8: very freq. in later Greek, POxy. 38.16 (i A.D.), Luc. DMeretr. 12.4, etc.: occasionally after Verbs of knowing and showing, S. Ph. 79, OC 656, 797, 1122, E. Tr. 970, Th. 1.76, 2.17.

7. with Substs., Adjs., and Advbs. used generically, with or without Art., τὰ μὴ δίκαια A. Eu. 432; δίκαια καὶ μὴ δίκαια Id. Ch. 78 (lyr.); τὸ μὴ 'νδικον S. OT 682 (lyr.); τὸ μὴ καλόν Id. Ant. 370 (lyr.); ἡ μὴ 'μπειρία, = τὸ μὴ ἔχειν ἐμπειρίαν, want of experience, Ar. Ec. 115; ἡ μὴ ἐπιτροπή Pl. Lg. 966c; δῆμον καὶ μὴ δῆμον ib. 759b; ὁ μὴ ἰατρός Id. Grg. 459b; νίκης μὴ κακῆς A. Eu. 903, cf. Th. 411; τῷ φρονοῦντι μὴ καλῶς Id. Pr. 1012, cf. Ag. 349, 927.

8. after Verbs expressing fear or apprehension (cf. μὴ οὐ): when the thing feared is fut., mostly with subj.: with pres. subj., δεινῶς ἀθυμῶ μὴ βλέπων ὁ μάντις ᾖ shall proveto be.., S. OT 747, cf. Ant. 1113; ὅρα μὴ κυβεύῃς Pl. Prt. 314a: more freq. with aor., δείδοικα.. μή σε παρείπῃ Il. 1.555, cf. 9.244, 13.745: with pf., shall prove to have been, δέδοικα μὴ περαιτέρω πεπραγμέν' ᾖ μοι S. Tr. 663, cf. Ph. 494, Hdt. 3.119, 4.140, etc.: less freq. with fut. ind., X. Cyr. 2.3.6, Ar. Ec. 488, Pl. Phlb. 13a: with opt. according to the sequence of moods and tenses: pres. opt., S. Tr. 482, X. An. 1.10.9: aor., Od. 11.634, etc.: pf., X. Cyr. 1.3.10: with fut. opt. in oratio obliqua, Id. HG 6.4.27, Mem. 1.2.7, Pl. Euthphr. 15d: with opt. and ἄν, S. Tr. 631, X. vect. 4.41. when the action is pres. or past, the ind. is used, εἰσόρα μὴ σκῆψιν οὐκ οὖσαν τίθης S. El. 584, cf. E. Ion 1523, Ar. Nu. 493, Pl. La. 196c; ὅρα μὴ παίζων ἔλεγεν Id. Tht. 145b, cf. E. Hel. 119; φοβούμεθα μὴ ἀμφοτέρων ἡμαρτήκαμεν Th. 3.53, cf. E. Or. 209, Pl. Ly. 218d; δείδω μὴ δὴ πάντα θεὰ νημερτέα εἶπεν Od. 5.300. with ind. and subj. in consecutive clauses, E. Ph. 93. in

QUESTIONS:

I direct questions,

1 with ind., where aneg. answer is anticipated (but more generally in A. Ag. 683 (lyr.), S. OC 1502, Tr. 316, Pl. Grg. 488b), in Hom. only ἦ μή..; Od. 6.200, 9.405; μή σοι δοκοῦμεν..; A. Pers. 344, cf. Pr. 249, 959, etc.: in Trag. and Att. freq. ἆρα μή; Id. Th. 208, S. El. 446, Pl. R. 405a: for questions in which μή (μηδέ) follows οὐ, v. οὐ μή. in other questions, τί μὴ ποιήσω; what am I not to do? S. El. 1276 (lyr.); τί μή; why not? Id.Aj.668 (s.v.l.); cf. μήν.

2. with subj., when the speaker deliberates about a neg. action, μὴ οὕτω φῶμεν; Pl.R.335c, cf. 337b, 417b; ὁ τοιοῦτος μὴ δῷ δίκην; D.21.35; πῶς μὴ φῶμεν; Pl.Tht.161e: with opt. and ἄν, τῶς ἄν τις μὴ θυμῷ λέγοι; how can a man help being excited when he speaks? Id.Lg.887c, cf. Grg.510d, X.Mem.3.1.10.

II

1. indirect questions, freq. where fear is implied (cf. b. 8), ἄφρα ἴδωμεν μὴ τοὶ κοιμήσωνται Il.10.98, cf. 101, Od.21.395; εἰσόμεσθα μή τι.. καλύπτει S.Ant.1253, cf. Th.2.13, etc.; also σκοπεῖσθαι τῶς ἂν μή.. Isoc.5.8, cf. 15.6; later in simple indirect quesitons, ἐπυνθάνετο μὴ ἔγνω Ant.Lib.23.5.

2. in questions introduced by εἰ, ἤρετό με.. εἰ μὴ μέμνημαι Aeschin.2.36 (εἰ οὐκ in same sense, 1.84): in the second part of a disjunctive question, εἰ.. (or εἴτε) μή.., εἴτε.. εἴτε μή.., A.Eu.468, 612, And.1.7, Pl.Revelation 18:1-24 a, R.457d, X.Cyr.2.1.7; εἴτε.. εἴτε μή.., εἰ.. ἢ οὔ, εἰ.. ἢ μή without difference of meaning between μή and οὺ, Isaiah 8:9; so also, τοὺς νόμους καταμανθάνειν εἰ καλῶς κεῖνται ἢ μή,.. τοὺς λόγους, εἰ ὀρθῶς διδάσκουσι τὸ πρᾶγμα ἢ οὔ Antipho 5.14.

Position

1. of μή. When the neg. extends its power over the whole clause, μή prop. precedes the Verb. When its force is limited to single words, it precedes those words. But Poets sts. put μή after the Verb, ὄλοιο μή πω S.Ph.961; φράσῃς.. μὴ πέρα ib.332, cf. OC1522.

2. μή is sts. repeated, cf. οὐ C μή, μή καλέσῃς Ar.V.1418, cf. S.Aj.190, OC210 (both lyr.).

Prosody:

in Trag. μή may be joined by synizesis with a following ει or ου, μὴ οὐ, μὴ εἰδέναι, S.OT13, 221, Tr.321, etc.: initial ε after μή is cut off by aphaeresis, μὴ ʼπόθουν Id.Aj.962; μὴ ʼμβαίνῃς Id.OC400; μὴ ʼγώ Id.Ph.910: in Prose, μὴ ʼκ IG1.115.11: μή folld. by α is sts. written μἀ.. (v. μὴ ἀλλά, etc.); sts. separately, μὴ ἀδικεῖν A.Eu.85, etc. μή in

Composition, or joined with other Particles, as μὴ ἀλλά, μὴ γάρ, μὴ οὐ, μὴ ὅπως or ὅτι, μή ποτε, etc., will be found in alphabetical order.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

μή ,

subjective negative particle, used where the negation depends on a condition or hypothesis, expressed or understood, as distinct from οὐ , which denies absolutely. μή is used where one thinks a thing is not, as distinct from an absolute negation. As a general rule, οὐ negatives the indic., μή the other moods, incl. ptcp.

[In LXX for H408, H369, H371.]

I. As a neg. adv., not;

1. with ref. to thought or opinion : John 3:18, Titus 1:11, 2 Peter 1:9.

2. In delib. questions, c. subjc. (M, Pr., 185) : Mark 12:14, Romans 3:8.

3. In conditional and final sentences, after εἰ , ἐάν , ἄν , ἵνα , ὅπως : Matthew 10:14, Mark 6:11; Mark 12:19, Luke 9:5 John 6:50, Romans 11:25, al.

4. C. inf. (v. M, Pr., 234 f., 239, 255),

(a) after verbs of saying, etc.: Matthew 2:12; Matthew 5:34, Mark 12:18, Acts 15:38, Romans 2:21, al.;

(b) c. artic. inf.: after a prep., Matthew 13:5, Mark 4:5, Acts 7:19, 1 Corinthians 10:6, al.; without a prep., Romans 14:13, 2 Corinthians 2:1; 2 Corinthians 2:13, 1 Thessalonians 4:6;

(c) in sentences expressing consequence, after ὥστε : Matthew 8:28, Mark 3:20, 1 Corinthians 1:7, 2 Corinthians 3:7, al.

5. C. ptcp. (v. M, Pr., 231 f., 239), in hypothetical references to persons of a certain character or description: Matthew 10:28; Matthew 12:30, Luke 6:49, John 3:18, Romans 4:5, 1 Corinthians 7:38, 1 John 3:10, al.; where the person or thing being definite, the denial is a matter of opinion: John 6:64, 1 Corinthians 1:28; 1 Corinthians 4:7; 1 Corinthians 4:18, 2 Corinthians 5:21, al.; where the ptcp. has a concessive, causal or conditional force, if, though, because not: Matthew 18:25, Luke 2:45, John 7:49, Acts 9:26, Romans 2:14; Romans 5:13, 2 Corinthians 3:14, Galatians 6:9, Judges 1:5; where the ptcp. has a descriptive force (being such as), not: Acts 9:9, Romans 1:28, 1 Corinthians 10:33, Galatians 4:8, Hebrews 12:27, al.

6. μή prohibitive, in indep. sentences,

(a) c. subjc. praes., 1 pers. pl.: Galatians 5:26; Galatians 6:9, 1 Thessalonians 5:6, 1 John 3:18;

(b) c. imperat. praes., usually where one is bidden to desist from what has already begun (cf. M, Pr., 122 ff.) : Matthew 7:1, Mark 5:36, Luke 6:30, John 2:16; John 5:45, Acts 10:15, Romans 11:18, James 2:1, Hebrews 5:5, al.;

(c) forbidding that which is still future : c. imperat. aor., 3 pers., Matthew 24:18, Mark 13:15, Luke 17:31, al.; c. subjc. aor., 2 pers., Matthew 3:9; Matthew 10:26, Mark 5:7, Luke 6:29, John 3:7, Romans 10:6, al.;

(d) c. optat., in wishes: 2 Timothy 4:16 (LXX); μὴ γένοιτο (v. M, Pr., 194; Bl., § 66, 1), Luke 20:16, Romans 3:3, al.; μή τις , Mark 13:5, al.

II. As a conj.,

1. after verbs of fearing, caution, etc., that, lest, perhaps (M, Pr., 192 f.) : c. subjc. praes., Hebrews 12:15; c. subjc. aor., Matthew 24:4, Mark 13:5, Luke 21:8, Acts 13:40, Galatians 5:15, al.; ὅρα μή (v. M, Pr., 124, 178), elliptically, Revelation 19:19; Revelation 22:9; c. indic. fut. (M, Pr., l.c.), Colossians 2:8.

2. in order that not: c. subjc. aor., Mark 13:36, 2 Corinthians 8:20; 2 Corinthians 12:6.

III. Interrogative, in hesitant questions (M, Pr., 170), or where a negative answer is expected: Matthew 7:9; Matthew 7:19, Mark 2:19, John 3:4, Romans 3:3; Romans 10:18-19, 1 Corinthians 1:13, al.; μή τις , Luke 22:35, al; seq. οὐ (Romans 10:17, al. in P1.), expecting an affirm. ans.; οὐ μή , Luke 18:7, John 18:11.

IV. οὐ μή as emphatic negation (cf. M, Pr., 188, 190 ff.; Bl., § 64, 5), not at all, by no means: c. indic. fut., Matthew 16:22, John 6:35, Hebrews 10:17, al.; c. subjc. aor., Matthew 24:2, Mark 13:2, Luke 6:37, John 13:8, 1 Corinthians 8:13, al.


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For μυριάς = 10,000, as in Acts 19:19, it is sufficient to cite P Tebt II. 308.8 (A.D. 174) (= Chrest. I. p. 376) τιμὴν βίβλου μυριάδων δύο, ";the price of 20,000 papyrus stalks"; (Edd.), P Amh II. 107.10 (A.D. 185) κριθῆς ἀρταβῶν μυριάδων δύο, ";20,000 artabae of barley,"; and P Oxy VIII. 1115.14 (A.D. 284) μυριάδας τρῖς καὶ ὀκτακισχιλ [ίους, ";38,000."; The sense of unlimited numbers, like our ";myriads,"; as in Revelation 5:11 al., is seen in the Christian amulet P Iand 6.10 (v/vi A.D.) (sc. θεῷ) παραραστκουσιν (l. παραστήκουσιν) μύριαι μαιρια ̣τες (l. μυριάδες) ἀγγέλω [ν : for other exx. see the editor’s note ad l., and cf. Moulton Egyptian Rubbish-heaps, p. 31 f.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ακύρους εισέλθητε καὶ μη μή μὴ μηδὲν μήποτε ος οὐκ kai kaì me mē mḗ mḕ meden medèn mēden mēdèn mepote mēpote ouk
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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