Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #3379 - μήποτε
- that ... not, lest, whether perhaps, whether or not, in no way, perhaps
μήποτε or μή ποτε,
Ion. μή κοτε (v. infr. 11):
1. as Adv. never, on no account, after ὡς, A. Pr. 205, Eu. 882; after εἰ, Id. Ch. 182, etc.: c. inf., Id. Eu. 977, Supp. 617; esp. in oaths, never, ὀμοῦμαι, μή ποτε τῆς εὐνῆς ἐπιβήμεναι Il. 9.133, 275; ἐπεκέκλετ' Ἐρινῦς, μή ποτε.. ἐφέσσεσθαι ib. 455; in aposiopesis, ἢ μήπορ' ἆρ'.. Men. Sam. 97: in orat. obliq., Hes. Op. 86.
2. in prohibition or warning, with aor. subj., μή ποτε καὶ σὺ.. ὀλέσσῃς Od. 19.81, etc.: with inf. for imper., 11.441.
3. in later Gr., perhaps, Arist. EN 1172a33, LXX Genesis 24:5, Aristeas 15, Ph. 1.13, Arr. Epict. 3.22.80, Plu. 2.106d, A.D. Pron. 18.4.
II as Conj., lest ever, αἰσχυνόμενοι φάτιν ἀνδρῶν.., μή ποτέ τις εἴπῃσι Od. 21.324, al.; οὐδαμὰ ἐλπίσας μή κοτε ἄρα.. ἐλάσῃ Hdt. 1.77, cf. 8.53.
(= μή ποτε , and so written in WH, exc. Matthew 25:9),
negative particle, related to οὔποτε as μή to οὐ .
1. As neg. particle, never: Hebrews 9:17 (R, mg., but v. infr.; WH, txt., μή τότε ).
2. As conjc., lest ever, lest haply (the idea of chance rather than of time seems to prevail in NT) : Matthew 4:6 (LXX) Matthew 5:25; Matthew 7:6; Matthew 13:15 (LXX), Matthew 13:29; Matthew 15:32; Matthew 27:64, Mark 4:12 (LXX) Mark 14:2, Luke 4:11; Luke 12:58; Luke 14:12; Luke 14:29, Acts 28:27; after verbs of fearing or taking heed, Luke 21:34, Hebrews 2:1; Hebrews 3:12; Hebrews 4:1; with ellipse of the verb or ptcp., Luke 14:8, Acts 5:39; in later writers (v. M, Pr., 192 f.), perhaps, Matthew 25:9.
3. As interrogative;
(a) in direct questions, like μή , expecting a negative answer: John 7:26, Hebrews 9:17, (R, txt., cf. Westc., in l; but v. supr.);
(b) in indirect questions, whether haply, if haply: Luke 3:15, 2 Timothy 2:25.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
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