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Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature


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(or Calendio) succeeded Stephen II as bishop of Antioch, A.D. 481, owing his promotion to the emperor Zeno, and Acacius, bishop of Constantinople. There is a large body of evidence (not, however, to be admitted without grave question) that Calandio's election was of an uncanonical character; that, being at Constantinople on business connected with the Church of .Antioch at the time of the vacancy of the see, he was chosen bishop, and ordained by Acacius. The authorities for this version of the facts are, Theophanes, p. 110 c; Gelasius, Gesta de Nomrine Acacii; Labbe, Concil. iv, 1082. 'The same authorities add that the Eastern bishops had reappointed the deposed bishop of Antioch, John Codonatus, but that he was bribed to retire by the appointment to the archbishopric of Tyre. Calandio thus quietly succeeded to the see, and was recognised both by the Eastern bishops and by pope Simplicius. The letter of Simplicius to Acacius, July 15, 482, conveying his sanction of Calandio's appointment, renders it very doubtful whether there is not a misrepresentation of the facts, in consequence of a confusion between the election of Calandio and his predecessor, Stephen II, who is entirely passed over by Theophanes. Calandio commenced his episcopate by refusing communion with all who declined to anathematize Peter the Fuller, Timothy the Weasel, and the Encyclic of Basiliscus; and is reported to have endeavored to counteract the Monophosite bias given to the Trisagion by Peter the Fuller. He rendered his short episcopate still further notable by translating the remains of Justathius. Calandio fell into disgrace, and was banished by Zeno, at the instigation of Acacius, to the African oasis, in 485, where he probably ended his days. The charge against him was political, but the real cause of his deposition was the theological animosity of Acacius, whom he had offended by writing a letter to Zeno, accusing Peter Mongus of adultery, and of having anathematized the decrees of the Council of Chalcedon, and by his refusal to forswear communion with John Talajas and pope Felix III. See Liberatus Diaconus, Breviar. c. xviii; Gelasius, Epist. xiii ad Dardan. Episc.; Labbe, iv, 1208,1209; xv, 1217.

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McClintock, John. Strong, James. Entry for 'Calandio'. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. Harper & Brothers. New York. 1870.

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