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Bible Encyclopedias

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature


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(or Quirinus) is the name of several early ecclesiasts and martyrs


1. Bishop of Chalcedon. He was an Egyptian by birth, and a relative of Theophilus, patriarch of Alexandria. In 401 he accompanied Chrysostom as a friend in his visitation of Ephesus and the Asiatic churches; but for some unexplained reason he became from this time his most virulent enemy, accusing him of pride, tyranny, and heresy. He was prevented from taking part in the opening of the proceedings against that father, at Constantinople, in 403, by a bishop stepping upon his foot, producing a painful wound, which inflamed and gangrened, eventually producing his death. He was present, however, at the synod of the Oak, and never relaxed his persecution of Chrysostom, being one of the four bishops who, after his recall, took his condemnation on their own heads. His death, in 405, after twice resorting to amputation and enduring great suffering, was regarded by the friends of the persecuted father as a mark of the vengeance of Heaven.

2. A German Benedictine, also called Aribo. He became abbot of St. Dionysius, at Schlechdorf, and in 760 the fourth bishop of Freising, in Bavaria. He died in 783. Cyrinus wrote the life of St. Corbinianus, the first bishop of Freising.

3. A martyr at Rome under Claudius. He is commemorated March 25.

4. A martyr at Rome under Diocletian, commemorated April 26.

5. A martyr at Milan under Nero, commemorated June 12.

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Bibliography Information
McClintock, John. Strong, James. Entry for 'Cyrinus'. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. Harper & Brothers. New York. 1870.

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