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Bible Encyclopedias

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature


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(גִּן , gan [fem. גִּנָּה גִּנָּה ], a park or orchard enclosed and planted; Sept. παράδεισος, N.T. κῆπος .) (See FIELD); (See ORCHARD), etc.

1. Several gardens are mentioned in the Scriptures, as the garden of Eden (Genesis 2:8-10; Genesis 2:15), Ahab's garden of herbs (1 Kings 21:2), the royal garden near the fortress of Zion (2 Kings 21:18; 2 Kings 25:4), the royal garden of the Persian kings at Susa (Esther 1:5; Esther 7:7-8), the garden of Joseph of Arimathea (John 19:41), and the garden of Gethsemane (John 18:1). It is clear, from Joshua 5:2, and Lamentations 2:6, that gardens were generally hedged or walled, as indeed Josephus expressly states respecting the gardens near Jerusalem (War, 5:7). In Nehemiah 2:5, and John 20:15, gardeners and keepers of gardens by occupation are indicated. (See GARDENER).

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Bibliography Information
McClintock, John. Strong, James. Entry for 'Garden'. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. Harper & Brothers. New York. 1870.

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