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Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature


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(Heb. Hadoramn', הֲדוֹרָם, "defectively" הֲדָֹרם in Chronicles'Furst suggests [Heb. Lex. s.v.]= הֲדוֹר רָם, Haudor [i.e. Ador, the fire-god; (See HADRAMMELECH) ] is exalted; the Samuel at Genesis 10:27 has Adoram; Sept. in Genesis 10:27, ῾Οδοῤῥἀ, Vulg. Aduram; in 1 Chronicles 1:21, Κεδουράν ; in 1 Chronicles 18:10, Ἀδουράμ.; in 2 Chronicles 10:18, Ἀδωράμ ; Vulg. in all these last, Adoram), the name of three men

1. ADORAM, the fifth son of Joktan, and progenitor of a tribe of the same name in Arabia Felix (Genesis 10:27; 1 Chronicles 1:21). B.C. post 2414. Bochart (Phaleg, 2, 20) compares the Dirmati or Drimnati on the Persian Gulf (Plin. 6:32), and the promontory Κορόδαμον (Ras el-Had) of Ptol. 6:7, 11. Michaelis (Spiciley. 2, 162) despairs of all identification of the tribe in question. Schulthess (Parad. p. 83) and Gesenius (Thes. Heb. s. 4.) think that the Adramitae are meant, whom Ptolemy (Ἀδραμῖται, Geog. 6, 7) places on the southern shores of Arabia, between the Homeritae (Hamyarites) and the Sochalite, an account with which Pliny ("Atramitoe," Hist. Nat. 6, 28, 32; 12:14,30) substantially agrees. Winer, 1, 453. Fresnel cites an Arab author who identifies Hadoram with Jurhum (41'Lettre, Journ. Asiatique, 3 serie, 6:220); but this is highly improbable; nor is the suggestion of Hadhira, by Caussin (Essai i, 30), more likely, the latter being one of the aboriginal tribes of Arabia, such as Ad, Thamû d, etc. (See ARABIA).

2. HADORAM, son of Toi, king of Hamath, sent by his father (with valuable presents in the form of articles of antique manufacture [Josephus], in gold, silver, and brass) to congratulate David on his victory over their common enemy Hadarezer, king of Syria (1 Chronicles 18:10). B.C. cir. 1034. In the parallel narrative of 2 Samuel 8, the name is given as JORAM; but this being a contraction of Jehoram, which contains the name of Jehovah, is peculiarly an Israelitish appellation. By Josephus (Ant. 7, 5,4) he is called Ἀδώραμος .

3. ADONIRAM (See ADONIRAM) (q.v.), as he is elsewhere more fully called (1 Kings 4:6; 1 Kings 5, 14; Josephus constantly Ἀδώραμος ) the son of Abda, the treasurer of taxes under Solomon, and who was stoned to death by the people of the northern tribes when sent by Rehoboam to exact the usual dues (2 Chronicles 10:18).

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Bibliography Information
McClintock, John. Strong, James. Entry for 'Hadoram'. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. Harper & Brothers. New York. 1870.

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