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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #04639 - מַעֲשֶׂה
1) deed, work
1a) deed, thing done, act
1b) work, labour
1c) business, pursuit
1d) undertaking, enterprise
1f) deeds, works (of deliverance and judgment)
1g) work, thing made
1h) work (of God)
V) exo (אהסה AhSH) - Do: To do or make something. A generic verb with a wide application meaning to do something. [df: hVe] KJV (2633): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Pual, Piel) do, make, wrought, deal, commit, offer, execute, keep, show, prepare, work, get, dress, maker, maintain - Strongs: H6213 (עָשָׂה)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
מַעֲשֶׂה m. constr. מַעֲשֵׂח, with suff. מַעֲשֵׂהוּ, plur. מַעֲשִׂים Genesis 20:9, etc.; and suff. מַעֲשַׂי Ecclesiastes 2:4, 11 a form which is also used with a singular sense (see מַרְאֶה and Hebrew Gramm. § 90, 9, note); Psalms 45:2, מַעֲשֶׂיךָ plur. Psalms 66:3, 92:6 sing., Exodus 23:12 מַעֲשָׂיו plur., Psalms 103:22 sing., 1 Samuel 19:4 מַעֲשֵׂיכֶם plur., and sing., Genesis 47:3.
(1) noun of action of the verb עָשָׂה, that which any one makes or does, das Thun, Gefchäft. Genesis 47:3, מַה־מַּעֲשֵׂיכֶם “what is your business?” 1 Chronicles 23:28, מַעֲשֵׂה עֲבֹדַת בֵּית הָאֱלֹהִים (Berrichtung des Tempeldienftes) “performance of the Temple service.” Exodus 5:4, “why do ye call away the people מִמַּעֲשָׂיו from their business?” Ezekiel 46:1, יְמֵי הַמַּעֲשֶׂה “(six) days of business,” work; opposed to the sabbath. Hence used of the whole course of action, almost i.q. דֶּרֶךְ. Exodus 23:24, לֹא תַעֲשֵׂה כְמַעֲשֵׁיהֶם “thou shalt not act like them” (Gentiles); 18:20 Leviticus 18:3; Micah 6:16; Ecclesiastes 4:3, “who has not seen אֶת־הַמַּעֲשֶׂה הָרָע אֲשֶׁר נַעֲשָׂה תַּחַת הַשֶּׁמֶשׁ evil course of action under the sun.” Absol. of an evil course of action, Job 33:17.
(2) a deed, an action (That)
(a) of God, Judges 2:10; Psalms 86:8.
(b) of men (Handlung, That), chiefly in a bad sense. Genesis 44:15, מָה הַמַּעֲשֶׂה הַזֶּה אֲשֶׁר עֲשִׂיתֶם “what is this deed which ye have done?” Pl., Genesis 20:9; 1 Samuel 8:8; 2 Kings 23:19; Ecclesiastes 1:14. Absol. of an evil deed. 1 Samuel 20:19, בְּיוֹם מַעֲשֶׂה “in the day of that deed,” namely, when Saul sought to slay David. (Others take it to be, in the working day; opp. to the feast day.)
(3) work, which any one produces.
(a) of God. מַעֲשֵׁי יְדֵי יְיָ the things which God made with his hands, (fingers, Psalms 8:7), his works, (used of heaven, earth, animals), Psal. 8:7 19:2 103:22. In sing. מַעֲשֵׂה יְהֹוָה Isaiah 5:19, 10:12 28:21 Psal. 64:10 and מַעֲשֵׂה יְדֵי יְיָ Isaiah 5:12, 29:23. Psalms 28:5, work of God, specially used of the judgment of God against the wicked; compare פֹּעַל.
(b) of men. מַעֲשֵׂה יְרֵי אָדָם the work of men’s hands, often said of idols, Deuteronomy 4:28; Psalms 115:4, 135:15. Specially used of artificial work, as מַעֲשֵׂה חשֵׁב work woven in many colours, damask, Exodus 26:1, 31 Exodus 26:31מַעֲשֵׂה רֶשֶׁת net work, Exodus 27:4. On the other hand, 2 Chronicles 16:14, בְּמִרְקַחַת מַעֲשֶׂה with an artificial compound of spices. Once used of the work of a poet (ποίημα), Psalms 45:2.-Metaph. also of the fruit of anything. Isaiah 32:17, מַעֲשֵׂה צְדָקָה שָׁלוֹם “the work (i.e. the fruit) of righteousness (is) peace.”
(4) what is produced by labour, property, goods, i.q. מְלָאכָה No. 2. Isaiah 26:12, כָּל־מַעֲשֵׂינוּ “all our goods.” Specially used of fruits, corn, etc., Exodus 23:16 of cattle, 1 Samuel 25:2.
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