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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #5078 - τέχνη

from the base of (G5088)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
  1. of the plastic art
  2. of a trade
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2451 ‑ חָכְמָה (khok‑maw');  4639 ‑ מַעֲשֶׂה (mah‑as‑eh');  5656 ‑ עֲבוֹדָה (ab‑o‑daw', ab‑o‑daw');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (3)
NAS (3)
HCS (3)
BSB (3)
ESV (3)
WEB (3)
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

τέχν-η, ἡ,


art, skill, cunning of hand, esp. in metalworking, Od. 3.433, 6.234, 11.614; also of a shipwright, Il. 3.61; of a soothsayer, A. Ag. 249 (pl., lyr.), Eu. 17, S. OT 389, etc.; τέχναι ἑτέρων ἕτεραι Pi. N. 1.25; ὤπασε τ. πᾶσαν Id. O. 7.50.

2. craft, cunning, in bad sense, δολίη τ. Od. 4.455, Hes. Th. 160: pl., arts, wiles, Od. 8.327.332, Hes. Th. 496, 929; δολίαις τέχναισι χρησάμενος Pi. N. 4.58; τέχναις τινός by his arts (or simply by his agency), Id. O. 9.52, P. 3.11; τέχνην κακὴν ἔχει he has a bad trick, Hes. Th. 770, cf. Pi. I. 4(3).35(53), S Ph. 88, etc.

3. way, manner, or means whereby a thing is gained, without any definite sense of art or craft, μηδεμιῇ τ. in no wise, Hdt. 1.112; ἰθέῃ τ. straight way, Id. 9.57; πάσῃ τ. by all means, Ar. Nu. 1323, Th. 65, Ec. 366; παντοίᾳ τ. S. Aj. 752, etc.; οὐκ ἀποστήσομαι.. οὔτε τ. οὔτε μηχανῇ οὐδεμιᾷ IG 12.39.22; πάσῃ τ. καὶ μηχανῇ X. An. 4.5.16; μήτε τ. μήτε μηχανῇ μηδεμιᾷ Lys. 13.95.

II an art, craft, πᾶσαι τέχναι βροτοῖσιν ἐκ Προμηθέως A. Pr. 506, cf. IG 12.678; τὴν τ. ἐπίστασθαι to know the craft, Hdt. 3.130; φλαύρως ἔχειν τὴν τ. ibid.; τῆς τ. ἔμπειρος Ar. Ra. 811; ταύτην τέχνην ἔχει he makes this his trade, Lys. 1.16, cf. 6.7; ἐν τῇ τ. εἶναι practise it, S. OT 562, Pl. Prt. 317c; ἐπὶ τέχνῃ μαθεῖν τι to learn a thing professionally, opp. ἐπὶ παιδείᾳ, ib. 312b, cf. 315a; τέχναι καὶ ἐργασίαι X. Mem. 3.10.1; τέχνην τὸ πρᾶγμα πεποιημένοι having made a trade of it, D. 37.53; τέχνας ἀσκεῖν, μελετᾶν, ἐργάζεσθαι, to practise them, X. Cyr. 1.6.26, 41 (Pass.), Oec. 4.3; πατρῴαν τέχναν ἐργάζεσθαι ἁλιεύεσθαι Πρακτικὰ Ἀρχ. Ἑτ. 1932.52 (Dodona, iv B.C.); ἰατρὸς τὴν τ. POxy. 40.5 (ii A.D.); τεθεραπευκὼς ἀνεγκλήτως τῇ τ., of a barber, PEnteux. 47.3 (iii B.C.); παραμενῶ πρὸς ὑπηρεσίαν τῆς τ. (viz. weaving) Sammelb. 7358.20 (iii A.D.); ἀπὸ τεχνῶν τρέφεσθαι live by them, X. Lac. 7.1.

III an art or craft, i.e. a set of rules, system or method of making or doing, whether of the useful arts, or of the fine arts, Epich. 171.11, Pl. Phdr. 245a, Arist. Rh. 1354a11, EN 1140a8; ἡ ἐμπειρία τέχνην ἐποίησεν, ἡ δ' ἀπειρία τύχην Polus ap. eund. Metaph. 981a4; ἡ περὶ τοὺς λόγους τ. the Art of Rhetoric, Pl. Phd. 90b; οἱ τὰς τ. τῶν λόγων συντιθέντες systems of rhetoric, Arist. Rh. 1354a12, cf. Isoc. 13.19, Pl. Phdr. 271c, Phld. Rh. 2.50 S., al.; hence title of various treatises on Rhetoric (v. VI; but rather tricks of Rhetoric, in Aeschin. 1.117); τέχνῃ by rules of art, Pl. Euthd. 282d; ἢ φύσει ἢ τέχνῃ Id. R. 381b; τέχνῃ καὶ ἐπιστήμῃ Id. Ion 532c; ἄνευ τέχνης, μετὰ τέχνης, Id. Phd. 89e: τ. defined as ἕξις ὁδοποιητική, Zeno Stoic. 1.20, cf. Cleanth. ib.1.110. = cross τέχνημα, work of art, handiwork, κρατῆρες.., ἀνδρὸς εὔχειρος τέχνη S. OC 472; ὅπλοις.., Ἡφαίστου τέχνῃ Id. Fr. 156, cf. Str. 14.1.14, PLond. 3.854.4 (ii A.D.), Paus. 6.25.1, al. = cross συντεχνία, ἡ τ. τῶν λιθουργῶν, τῶν σακκοφόρων, Dumont-Homolle Mélanges d' archéol. et d' épigr. p.378 No. 65, 66 (Perinthus); τ. βυρσέων, συροποιῶν, IGRom. 1.717,1482 (both Philippopolis); τοὺς καταλειπομένους ἀπὸ τῇς τ. BGU 1572.12 (ii A.D.); ὁ χαλκεὺς ἀπὸ τῆς τ. SIG 1140 (Amphipolis). treatise on Grammar, D.T. tit., or on Rhetoric, Anaximenes Lampsacenus tit.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

τέχνη , -ης , ,

[in LXX for H2451, H4639, H5656;]

art, craft, trade: Acts 17:29; Acts 18:3, Revelation 18:22 (WH, R, mg., om.).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The perfective of this expressive word (Hebrews 11:35) occurs in P Par II verso.5 (B.C. 157) μὴ ἀποτυπανισθῶσιν, ";lest they should be tortured by beating"; : cf. Joseph, c. Apion. i. 148 ἀπετυμπανίσθη.

For the subst. τύμπανον, which in the LXX renders תֹּךָ (cf. Thackeray Gr. i. p. 38), see P Hib I. 54.12 (c. B.C. 245) ἀπόστειλον δὲ ἡ [μ ]ῖν καὶ Ζηνόβιον τὸν μαλακὸν (cf. 1 Corinthians 6:9) ἔχοντα τύμπανον καὶ κύμβαλα καὶ κρόταλα, ";send me also Zenobius the effeminate with a drum and cymbals and castanets"; (Edd.). In the fragmentary P Lond 968 (iii/A.D.) (= III. p. xlix) there is an entry ὑπὲρ συμφωνίας τυμπάνων. Τυμπανιστής occurs in the late P Bilabel 95.185 (vii/A.D.). In MGr τούμπανο is a ";timbal.";


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
τεχνη τέχνη τέχνῃ τέχνην τεχνης τέχνης techne technē téchnei téchnēi technes technēs téchnes téchnēs
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2022. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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