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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2039 - ἐργασία

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G2040)
Parts of Speech
feminine noun
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  1. a working, performing
  2. work, business
  3. gain got by work, profit
  4. endeavour, pains
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 4399 ‑ מְלָאכָה (mel‑aw‑kaw');  4639 ‑ מַעֲשֶׂה (mah‑as‑eh');  5650 ‑ עֶבֶד (eh'‑bed);  5656 ‑ עֲבוֹדָה (ab‑o‑daw', ab‑o‑daw');  6100 ‑ עֶצְיוֹן גֶבֶר ((both) ets‑yone' gheh'‑ber);  6467 ‑ פֹּעַל (po'‑al);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (6)
Luke 1
Acts 4
Ephesians 1
NAS (6)
Luke 1
Acts 4
Ephesians 1
CSB (6)
Luke 1
Acts 4
Ephesians 1
BSB (6)
Luke 1
Acts 4
Ephesians 1
ESV (6)
Luke 1
Acts 4
Ephesians 1
WEB (6)
Luke 1
Acts 4
Ephesians 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Ion. -ιη, Cret. ϝεργασία Leg.Gort. 8.44, , (ἐργάτης)


1. work, business, ἐργασίην φεύγουσα h.Merc. 486, etc.; opp. ἀργία, X. Mem. 2.7.7; ἐ. ἀγαθή productive labour, Id. Vect. 4.29; ἐργασίᾳ ἐγχειρεῖν, of bees, Arist. HA 625b24; ἡ περὶ τὴν θάλατταν ἐ., of seamen, Pl. R. 371b; μὴ γενομένης ἐργασίας if no work was done, D. 27.20; δὸς ἐργασίαν, c. inf., Lat. da operam ut.., Luke 12:58, cf. OGI 441.109 (SC. de Stratonicensibus, i B. C.): pl., τὰς ἐν ὑπαίθρῳ ἐ. ἐργάζεσθαι X. Oec. 7.20; ἐ. ἀνελεύθεροι Arist. EN 1121b33, cf. Epicur. Fr. 196 (dub.).

2. function, ἥπατος Aret. SD 1.15.


1. working at, making, manufacture, ἱματίων, ὑποδημάτων, etc., Pl. Grg. 449d, Tht. 146d, etc.; ἡ τῆς ἐσθῆτος ἐκ τῶν ἐρίων ἐ. X. Oec. 7.21; making up of a prescription, Hp. Ulc. 14: metaph., Πέργαμος ἀμφὶ τεαῖς χερὸς ἐργασίαις ἁλίσκεται Troy is (i.e. is doomed to be) taken in the part wrought by thy hands, Pi. O. 8.42; ἐ. ἡδονῆς production of pleasure, Pl. Prt. 353d; ἐ. χρημάτων money- making, Arist. EN 1160a16 (but administration of property, Leg.Gort. l.c.).

2. working of a material, ἡ ἐ. τοῦ σιδήρου Hdt. 1.68; χαλκοῦ, ἐρίων, ξύλων, Pl. Chrm. 173e; τῶν χρυσείων μετάλλων Th. 4.105, cf. Hyp. Eux. 36; πίττης Thphr. HP 9.2.6: most commonly, tillage of the ground, ἐ. γῆς, χώρας, Ar. Ra. 1034 (pl.), Isoc. 7.30, etc.; ἐ. κήπων Pl. Min. 316b; ἐ. περὶ τὴν τροφήν preparation (i.e. mastication and digestion) of food, Arist. Juv. 469a3; treatment of silphium, Thphr. HP 6.3.2

3. generally, trade, business, X. Mem. 3.10.1; ἐπὶ τῆς ἐργασίας ὢν τῆς κατὰ θάλατταν engaged in trade by sea, D. 33.4; ἡ ἐ. τῆς τραπέζης the banking business, Id. 36.6; ἐ. χρυσοχοϊκή, ἀρωματική, PLond. 3.906.6 (ii A.D.), PFay. 93.7 (ii A.D.); βαφεῖς τὴν ἐ. dyers by trade, PTeb. 287.3 (ii A.D.); esp. of a courtesan's trade, Hdt. 2.135, D. 18.129; of sexual intercourse, Arist. Pr. 876a39. ἐὰν ἐργασίαν εὕρῃ ὁ οἰκέτης if a slave brings in earnings, Hyp. Ath. 22.

4. practising, exercising, τῶν τεχνῶν Pl. Grg. 450c; Κύπριδος AP 5.218 (Paul. Sil.); ἀκαθαρσίας Ephesians 4:19.

5. work of art, production, τετράγωνος ἐ., of the Hermae, Th. 6.27 (non legit Sch.); τῶν τειχῶν αἱ ἐργασίαι the fortification works, Id. 7.6.

6. literary execution, ἐ. ποιητική Phld. Po. 5.11; elaboration of a topic, Sch. Pi. P. 2.24.

7. production of a play, Arg. Men. Oxy. 1235.108.

III guild or company of workmen, ἡ ἐ. τῶν βαφέων Judeich Altertümer von Hierapolis 50; ἐριοπλυτῶν ib. 40; ἐ. θρεμματική dub. sens., ib.227.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἐργασία, ἐργασίας, , (ἐργάζομαι;

1. equivalent to τό ἐργάζεσθαι, a working, performing: ἀκαθαρσίας, Ephesians 4:19.

2. work, business: Acts 19:25 (Xenophon, oec. 6, 8, et al.).

3. gain got by work, profit: Acts 16:19; παρέχειν ἐργασίαν τίνι, Acts 16:16; Acts 19:24 (yet others refer this to 2 above); (Xenophon, mem. 3, 10, 1; cyneg. 3, 3; Polybius 4, 50, 3).

4. endeavor, pains (A. V. diligence): δίδωμι ἐργασίαν, after the Latinismoperam do, Luke 12:58 (Hermog. de invent. 3, 5, 7).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἐργασία , -ας ,

(< ἔργον ),

[in LXX for H4399, H5656, etc.;]

1. work, business: Acts 16:16; Acts 16:19; Acts 19:24-25; δὸς ἐ . (Lat. da operam), Luke 12:58.

2. working, performance: Ephesians 4:19.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

P Tebt II. 286.11 (A.D. 121–138) τὰ σώματα καὶ τὰς ἐργασίας ἀπολήμψεται Ἀπολλ [ω ]νίδης παρὰ τοῦ Ἀντωνίνου τοῦ κληρονόμου, ";Apollonides shall receive back the slaves and their labour from Antoninus, the heir"; (Edd.), P Fay 21.11 (A.D. 134) εἴτ᾽ ἐν γένεσιν εἴτ᾽ ἐν ἀργυρίῳ εἴτ᾽ ἐν σωματικαῖς ἐργασίαις, ";whether in kind or in money or in bodily labour"; (Edd.), P Oxy XII. 1581.6 (ii/A.D.) Σαραπίωνα μὴ ἀφῇς ἀργεῖν καὶ ῥέμβεσθαι, ἀλλὰ εἰς ἐργασίαν αὐτὸν βάλε. For the word = ";business,"; ";trade,"; see P Lond 906.6 (A.D. 128) (= III. p. 108) βουλόμεθα ἐπιχωρηθῆναι π [αῤ ] ὑμῶν τὴν χρυσοχ [οϊ ]κὴν ἐργασίαν, ";we wish that a grant should be made by you of your gold-smith’s business,"; P Fay 93.7 (A.D. 161) βούλομαι μισθώσασθαι παρὰ σοῦ τὴν μυροπω ̣λα ̣ι ̣̈́κὴν καὶ ἀρομ ̣ατικὴν ἐργασίαν, ";I wish to lease from you your business of perfume-selling and unguent-making"; (Edd.), P Tebt II. 287.3 (A.D. 161–9) οἱ μὲ ]ν ̣ ε ̣ι ̣̔̓[σὶ ] γναφεῖς ο [ἱ δὲ ] βαφεῖς τ ̣ ̣ν ̣ ἐργασίαν, ";some are fullers and others dyers by trade"; (Edd.). MGr ἐργασία, ";activity."; How thoroughly the Latinism of Luke 12:58 had become acclimatized is shown by its occurrence in the colloquial P Oxy IV. 742.11 (B.C. 2) ἐάν τι δύνῃ σὺ ἐ ̣[. . . . ]ναί μοι δὸς ἐργασία [ν. . . ., ";if you can . . . give your attention to it"; (Edd.). For the word = ";guild"; of workmen, see Alterthümer von Hierapolis iv. p. 87, No. 42.5 ἡ σεμνοτάτη ἐργασία τῶν πορφυροβάφων, p. 92, No. 50 τοῦτο τὸ ἡρῷον στεφανοῖ ἡ ἐργασία τῶν βαφέων, cited by Dittenberger ad Syll 873.1 where we have the compound—ἡ συνεργασία τῶν ἀργυροκόπων καὶ χρυσοχόων.

For ἐργαστήριον, see P Oxy XII. 1455.9 (A.D. 275) ̣ν ᾧ ἔχω ἐργαστηρίῳ, ";in the factory which I possess.";


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εργασία εργασίαι εργασιαν εργασίαν ἐργασίαν εργασιας εργασίας ἐργασίας εργασίμω ergasian ergasían ergasias ergasías
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