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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #2893 - κουφίζω

Transliteration
kouphízō
Phonetics
koo-fid'-zo  
Word Origin
from kouphos (light in weight)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
None
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to be light
  2. to lighten
    1. a ship by throwing the cargo overboard
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2820 ‑ חָשַׂךְ (khaw‑sak');  7043 ‑ קָלַל (kaw‑lal');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (1) NAS (1) HCS (1)
Acts 1
Acts 1
Acts 1
BYZ TIS TR
V-IAI-3P 1
V-IAI-3P 1
V-IAI-3P 1
NA WH
V-IAI-3P 1


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

κουφ-ίζω,

Att. fut. - ῐῶ S. Aj. 1287: pf. κεκούφικα OGI 90.12 (Rosetta, ii B. C.):

to be light, κουφίζουσαν ἄρουραν Hes. Op. 463, cf. E. Hel. 1555; of a sufferer, to be relieved, κουφίζειν δοκῶ S. Ph. 735, cf. Hp. Aph. 2.27. II trans., lighten, make light, τὸ κενὸν ἐμπεριλαμβανόμενον κ. τὰ σώματα Arist. Cael. 309a6: Pass., Id. PA 663b13: hence,

1. lift up, raise, S. Ant. 43, Tr. 1025 (lyr.); αἴρων κουφιῶ σ' ἐγώ Ar. Av. 1762 (lyr.); ἀσπίδ' ἀμφὶ βραχίονι κουφίζων E. Ph. 121 (lyr.); ἅλμα κουφιεῖν make a light leap, S. Aj. l.c.; κ. πήδημα E. El. 861 (lyr.); δύστηνον αἰώρημα κουφίζω, = δύστηνος αἰωροῦμαι, Id. Supp. 1047: Pass., to be lifted up, soar, [ τῷ πτερῷ] ᾧ ψυχὴ κουφίζεται Pl. Phdr. 248c, cf. 249a; σώματα -όμενα ὑπὸ τοῦ κύματος Jul. Or. 1.27c.

2. lighten of a load, ὄχλου πλήθους τε κ. χθόνα lighten earth of a multitude, E. Hel. 40; κουφισθεὶς τοῦ βάρους Thphr. HP 4.16.2: abs., lighten ships of their cargo, τῷ ταχυναυτοῦντι κουφίσαντες προσβάλλειν Th. 6.34; κουφισθεισῶν τῶν νεῶν Plb. 20.5.11, cf. 1.60.8. of persons, relieve from burdens, X. Mem. 2.7.1, Cyr. 6.3.24; τὸν δῆμον τῶν εἰσφορῶν D.S. 13.64, cf. IG 12(7).506.16 (Amorgos, iii B. C.); τόκων τοὺς χρεωφειλέτας Plu. Caes. 37; relieve (contractors), Plb. 6.17.5; τῆς ὑπερηφανίας Phld. Vit. p.16 J.; κ. τοὺς νοσοῦντας Plu. 2.1106c: Pass., to be relieved, ὅταν σῶμα κουφισθῇ νόσου from.., E. Or. 43; τοῦ πάθους Arist. Pr. 873b22; λέξασα κουφισθήσομαι ψυχήν E. Med. 473: fut. Med. κουφιεῖσθαι in pass. sense, Aristid. 2.145 J.: metaph., τῇ τῶνδε εὐκλείᾳ κουφίζεσθε feel your burdens lightened by.., Th. 2.44; κουφίζονται οἱ λυπούμενοι Arist. EN 1171a29, cf. Pol. 1342a14; ἐλπίδι κ. ματαίᾳ Ael. NA 11.33.

3. c. acc. rei, lighten, assuage, ἀλγηδόνας E. Fr. 573; συμφορὰς λόγῳ κ. D. 60.35; κ. ἔρωτα Theoc. 23.9; τὸ πάθος Plu. Alex. 52; τὰ ὀφλήματα Id. 2.807d: abs., give or procure relief, κ. οὐδέν, ἀλλά.. Hp. Epid. 1.7, cf. Arist. GA 725b9: Pass., νομίζοντες κεκουφίσθαι τὸν πόλεμον αὐτοῖς Plb. 1.17.2. cancel a debt, POxy. 126.8 (vi A. D.), etc.: Med., PMasp. 95.10 (vi A. D.).

4. ἑαυτοὺς κ. cheapen themselves, dub. in Epicur. Nat. 112 G.

5. subtract, ἀπὸ τῶν μοιρῶν Heph.Astr. 2.1.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

κουφίζω: imperfect 3 person plural ἐκούφιζον; (κοῦφος light);

1. intransitive, to be light (Hesiod, Euripides, Dio C.).

2. from Hippocrates down, generally translated, to lighten: a ship, by throwing the cargo overboard, Acts 27:38. (the Sept. Jonah 1:5, and often in Polybius)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

κουφίζω

(< κοῦφος , light),

[in LXX: Exodus 18:22, Jonah 1:5, al. (H7043 hi.), Ezra 5:1, al.;]

1. intrans., to be light (poetic chiefly).

2. to lighten, make light: c. acc, Acts 27:38.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

This verb, which in the NT is confined to Acts 27:38, is found in the general sense of ";lighten"; in P Giss I. 7.13 (time of Hadrian) ἐκούφισεν τῶν ἐνχωρίων τὰ βάρη καθολικῶς διὰ προγράμματος : cf. further with reference to taxation BGU II. 619.6 (A.D. 155) τὴν παραγ [ρ ]αφεῖσαν [πρ ]όσοδον ὀφείλειν κουφισθῆναι το () συναγομ (ένου) ἄχρι ἂν ἐξετασθῇ, PSI I. 103.21 (end of ii/A.D.) τὸ ] συναγόμενον αὐτῶν ἐκού [φισαν ] ἐπὶ τῷ τοὺς ἐπ᾽ αὐτῶν ἀναγρ [αφομέ ]νους ἄνδρας, OGIS 90.12 (B.C. 196) ἀπὸ τῶν ὑπαρχουσῶν ἐν Αἰγύπτωι προσόδων καὶ φορολογιῶν τινὰς μὲν εἰς τέλος ἀφῆκεν, ἄλλας δὲ κεκούφικεν, and see P Petr II. 13(18b).9 (B.C. 258–253) where the words κουφίζων τὸν βασιλέα, ";lightening the king’s burden,"; are written over the line in connexion with a notice inviting tenders at a lower rate for some public work. For κουφίζω, ";levo,"; ";absolvo,"; see P Iand 62.11 note. In BGU I. 321.11 (A.D. 216) ἐφευρέθη τὰ σειτάρια κεκουφισμένα, the reference is to a robbery, and in PSI IV. 299.5 (iii/A.D.) ὡς δ᾽ ἐκουφίσθη μοι ἡ νόσος, to illness (cf. Hobart, p. 281). In the curious mantic P Ryl I. 28.133 (iv/A.D.) we have apparently an instance of the verb used intransitively—τὰ ἐν δουλίᾳ κουφίσιν (l. ειν) ἐκ τῆς δουλίας, ";for a slave in servitude it means an alleviation of his servitude"; (Edd.—see their note). For a similar metaphorical use of the subst. see Kaibel 406.8 πένθους [κ ]ουφι [σ ]μὸς ἐγένετο, and for the adj. see P Oxy XIV. 1627.11 (A.D. 342) ἠξιώσαμεν δέ σαι εἰσαγγεῖλαι ἡμᾶς εἰς κουφοτάτην χρίαν, ";we requested you to assign to us a very light duty"; (Edd.). The wish is frequent on grave-stones—ἀλλὰ κόνιν σοὶ. . . καυφὴν καὶ δοίη ψυχρὸν Ὄσειρος ὕδωρ (see Schubart Einführung, p. 370). Κοῦφα is often used in the papyri substantivally, e.g. P Strass I. 1.10 (A.D. 510) σοῦ παρέχοντ ]ος τὰ κοῦφα : see further GH on P Oxy XIV. 1631.16 (A.D. 280).

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εκουφιζον εκούφιζον ἐκούφιζον εκούφισας κούφη κούφης κουφίζεται κουφιούσιν κουφίση κουφισθήναι κούφισον κούφοι κούφοις κούφον κούφόν κούφος κουφότεροι κούφως ekouphizon ekoúphizon
Lectionary Calendar
Monday, November 18th, 2019
the Week of Proper 28 / Ordinary 33
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