the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #7043 - קָלַל
1) to be slight, be swift, be trifling, be of little account, be light
1a1) to be slight, be abated (of water)
1a2) to be swift
1a3) to be trifling, be of little account
1b1) to be swift, show oneself swift
1b2) to appear trifling, be too trifling, be insignificant
1b3) to be lightly esteemed
1c1) to make despicable
1c2) to curse
1d) (Pual) to be cursed
1e1) to make light, lighten
1e2) to treat with contempt, bring contempt or dishonour
1f1) to shake
1f2) to whet
1g) (Hithpalpel) to shake oneself, be moved to and fro
1426) lq (קל QL) AC: Gather CO: Shepherd AB: ?: The pictograph q is a picture of the sun at the horizon and the gathering of the light, the l is a picture of a shepherd staff representing authority. Combined these mean "gathering to the staff". When the shepherd called the sheep they swiftly came to him. The staff of the shepherd was his tool of authority. With it he would direct, discipline and protect the flock. (eng: clown; call - to call together)
A) lq (קל QL) AC: ? CO: Light AB: ?: The Shepherd traveled light allowing him to move swiftly. He carried with him a long staff for directing the sheep as well as to protect them from predators. The shepherd also carried a bag, which included dried foods including grains and meat. Also, making light of someone or something as in shame, curse or dishonor.
Nm) lq (קל QL) - I. Swift: II. Voice:The sound of the shepherd that calls the flock. The voice of man or musical instrument. [Aramaic only] KJV (20): swift, light - Strongs: H7031 (קַל), H7032 (קָל)
am) lqm (מקל MQL) - Staff: KJV (18): rod, staff, stave - Strongs: H4731 (מַקְּלָה)
af1) elqm (מקלה MQLH) - Staff: KJV (18): rod, staff, stave - Strongs: H4731 (מַקְּלָה)
fm) ilq (קלי QLY) - Dried: Dried foods, grains and meat, are carried by the shepherd. [df: aylq] KJV (6): corn - Strongs: H7039 (קָלִיא)
jm ) nflq (קלונ QLWN) - Shame: One who is become light in stature. KJV (17): shame, confusion, dishonour, ignominy, reproach - Strongs: H7036 (קָלוֹן)
lm) lqlq (קלקל QLQL) - Light: Something that is light in weight or position (worthless) . KJV (1): light - Strongs: H7052 (קְלֹקֵל)
B) llq (קלל QLL) AC: ? CO: Light AB: ?: Something light in weight or stature.
V) llq (קלל QLL) - Light: To be swift or cursed. KJV (82): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Pual, Piel, Pilpel) curse, swift, light, vile, despise, abate, ease, slight - Strongs: H7043 (קָלַל)
Nm) llq (קלל QLL) - Polished: [Unknown connection to root;] KJV (2): burnished, polished - Strongs: H7044 (קָלָל)
Nf1) ellq (קללה QLLH) - Curse: Something that is light in stature, considered worthless. KJV (33): curse, accurse - Strongs: H7045 (קְלָלָה)
G) leq (קהל QHL) AC: Gather CO: Flock AB: ?: A gathering of sheep to the shepherd.
V) leq (קהל QHL) - Gather: To gather together a flock to the shepherd. KJV (40): (vf: Niphal, Hiphil) gather, assemble - Strongs: H6950 (קָהַל), H7035 (קָלַהּ)
Nm) leq (קהל QHL) - Flock: A gathering of the flock to the shepherd. KJV (123): congregation, assembly, company, multitude - Strongs: H6951 (קָהָל)
Nf1) eleq (קהלה QHLH) - Flock: A gathering of the flock to the shepherd. [df: hqhl] KJV (1): company - Strongs: H3862 (לַהֲקָה)
am ) leqm (מקהל MQHL) - Pasture: The place where the flock gathers. KJV (2): congregation - Strongs: H4721 (מַקְחֵלָה)
af1) eleqm (מקהלה MQHLH) - Pasture: The place where the flock gathers. KJV (2): congregation - Strongs: H4721 (מַקְחֵלָה)
bf1) elieq (קהילה QHYLH) - Flock: A gathering of the flock to the shepherd. [df: hlhq] KJV (2): assembly - Strongs: H6952 (קְהִלָּה)
H) elq (קלה QLH) AC: ? CO: Light AB: ?: The Shepherd traveled light allowing him to move swiftly. He carried with him a long staff for directing the sheep as well as to protect them from predators. The shepherd also carried a bag, which included dried foods including grains and meat. Also, making light of someone or something as in shame, curse or dishonor.
V) elq (קלה QLH) - I. Dry:To dry foods, grains and meats, to preserve them. Dried foods are carried by the shepherd. II. Light:To be light in stature, worthless. KJV (10): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Participle) roast, dried, parched, loathsome, vile, condemn, esteem, despise, base, light - Strongs: H7033 (קָלָה), H7034 (קָלָה)
J) lfq (קול QWL) AC: ? CO: Voice AB: ?: The call of the shepherd to the sheep who knew him by sound. When it came time to move he would call them and they would quickly gather to him.
Nm) lfq (קול QWL) - Voice: The sound of the shepherd, musical instrument, the wind, thunder, etc. KJV (506): voice, noise, sound, thunder, fame - Strongs: H6963 (קֹל)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Pilpel, etc.) Arabic shake, : vibrate, whirl (of sword), : see be shaken; — Schw ZAW xi (1891), 170 ff. thinks shake original, see מַקֵּל); —
Qal Perfect 2 masculine singular קַלּוֺתָ Nahum 1:14; 1 singular קַלֹּתי Job 40:4; 3 plural קַלּוּ Genesis 8:11 +; Imperfect. 3 feminine singular וַתֵּקַל Genesis 16:4; 1 singular וָאֵקַל Genesis 16:5; 3 masculine plural יֵָ֑קלּוּ 1 Samuel 2:30; —
1 be slight, of water, be abated, fr off (מֵעַל) earth Genesis 8:8,11(J).
2 be swift, with מִן compare, of warriors 2 Samuel 1:23, horses Jeremiah 4:13; Habakkuk 1:8; one's days Job 7:6; Job 9:25.
3 trifling, i.e. of little account., of person, Genesis 16:4,5 (J; both with בְּעֵינֶיהָ; 1 Samuel 2:30 (opposed to אֲכַבֵּד).
Niph`al Perfect 3 masculine singular נָקֵל (Ges §67t.) 2 Kings 20:30 +, וְנָקַל consecutive 2 Kings 3:18; נָקָ֑ל Proverbs 14:6; 1 singular consecutive וּנְקַלֹּתִי 2 Samuel 6:22; Imperfect 3 masculine plural יִקַּ֫לּוּ Isaiah 30:16; Participle feminine נְקַלָּה (עַלֿ) Jeremiah 6:14: + 2 t; —
1 shew oneself swift Isaiah 30:16 ("" עַלקַֿלנִרְכָּ֑ב).
2 appear trifling, 1 Samuel 18:23 (בְּעֵינֵיכֶם; Infinitive subject, compare Dr), with מִן compare be too trifling Isaiah 49:6, especially of sin 1 Kings 16:31 (Infinitive subject), and (with מִן compare) Ezekiel 8:17; easy 2 Kings 3:18 (בְּעֵנַי), 2 Kings 20:10 (c. Infinitive), Proverbs 14:6; Participle (as substantive) with עַל in adverb phraseעַלנְֿקַלָּה lightly i.e. superficially, Jeremiah 6:14; Jeremiah 8:11.
3 be lightly esteemed 2 Samuel 6:22 ("" שָׁפָל; opposed to אִכָּכֵ֑דָה).
Pi`el40 Perfect 3 masculine singular קִלֵּל 2 Samuel 19:22 +, etc.; Imperfect יְקַלֵּל Leviticus 20:9 +, etc : Imperative masculine singular קַלֵּל 2 Samuel 16:10; Infinitive construct קַלֵּל Genesis 8:21: Joshua 24:9, etc.; Participle מְקַלֵּל Exodus 21:17 +; suffixכֻלֹּה מקללוני Jeremiah 15:10, read מְקַלְלַוְנִי! (Baer); error for כֻּלְּהֶם קִלְלוּנִי JDMich Gf Gie Du and others, etc.; — curse (properly make contemptible):
1 with accusative of person homin. Exodus 21:27 (E), Genesis 12:3 (J), Leviticus 19:14 (H), Judges 9:27; 2 Samuel 16:9 16t.; קִלְלַנִי קְלָלָה 1 Kings 2:8; object omitted 2 Samuel 16:5,7,10,11,13; Psalm 62:5; Psalm 109:28 (opposed to בֵּרַךְ); acc person + ב of oath 1 Samuel 17:43; 2 Kings 2:24; with כ of oath alone Isaiah 8:21.
2 with accusative dei Exodus 22:27 (E), Leviticus 24:15 (H), 1 Samuel 3:13 (reading אֱלֹהִים for להֶםᵐ5 Comm.), + (object omitted) Leviticus 24:11,14,23
3 with accusative of thing Genesis 8:21(׳י subject), Job 3:1.
Pu`al Imperfect) 3 masculine singular יְקֻלָּ֑ל Isaiah 65:20 be cursed by death; 3 feminine singular תְּקֻלַּל Job 24:18 their portion is cursed; Participle plural suffix מְקֻלָּלָיו Psalm 37:22= those cursed by him (opposed to מְברָכָיו).
Hiph`il Perfect 3 masculine singular הֵקַל Isaiah 8:23; 2 masculine singular suffix הֱקִלֹּחַנִי 2 Samuel 19:44 (van d. H. -הֲ); 3 plural הֵקַלּוּ Ezekiel 22:7; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יָקֵל 1 Samuel 6:5; Imperative masculine singular; הָקֵל Exodus 18:22+; Infinitive construct id., Isaiah 23:9; Jonah 1:5; —
1 make light, lighten, יָקֵל אֶתיָֿדוֺ מֵעֲלֵיכֶם 1 Samuel 6:5; he will lighten his hand from upon you; c,. מֵעַל person alone, make light from upon one, lighten one's burden Exodus 18:22 (E), Jonah 1:5; 1 Kings 12:10 2 Chronicles 10:10; + מִן partitive 1 Kings 12:4,9 2 Chronicles 10:4,9.
2 treat with contempt, accusative of person 2 Samuel 19:44; Isaiah 23:9; Ezekiel 22:7; direct causative bring contempt, dishonour Isaiah 8:23 (opposed to הִכְבִּיד).
Pilpel Perfect 3 masculine singular
1 shake קִלְקַל בַּחצִּים Ezekiel 21:26 (in divination).
2 (peculiarly) whet Ecclesiastes 10:10 (properly move quickly to and fro).
Hithpalpel reflexive of
1 : Perfect 3 plural הִחְקַלְקָ֑לוּ Jeremiah 4:24 hills shook themselves, shook.
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קָלַל fut. יֵקַל, יֵקַלּוּ.
(1) to be light (Ethiop. ቀለለ፡ id., قَلِيلُ, ቀሊል፡ light [not heavy]), see Hiphil. Figuratively
(2) to be diminished (Arab. قَلَّ), Genesis 8:11, קַלּוּ הַמַּיִם מֵעַל הָאָרֶץ “the waters were diminished (i.e. had flowed away) from off the earth;” verse.
(3) to be despised, contemned, Job 40:4; Nahum 1:14. Compare קָלָה No. II. Inf. used as a noun, קֹל ignominy, disgrace, Jeremiah 3:9 (where קֹל is regarded by others as the same as קוֹל).
(4) to be swift, fleet (if indeed this be not the primary signification, compare גָּלַל to roll swiftly), 2 Samuel 1:23; Habakkuk 1:8; Job 7:6, 9:25.
Niphal נָקַל and נָקֵל, fut. יִקַּלּוּ Isaiah 30:16.
(1) to be light. עַל־נְקַלָּה lightly (leichthin), Jeremiah 6:14, 8:11. Followed by a dat. of pers. to be easy to any one, Proverbs 14:6; 2 Kings 20:10.
(2) to be of little account, little, followed by בְּעֵינֵי 1 Samuel 18:23. Impers. נָקֵל מִן is it a light thing that, Isaiah 49:6; Ezekiel 8:17.
(3) to be lightly esteemed, to be despised, 2 Samuel 6:22; Genesis 16:4, Genesis 16:5.
(4) to be swift, Isaiah 30:16.
Piel קִלֵּל to curse, to execrate, 2 Samuel 16:7 followed by an acc. Genesis 8:21, 12:3 Exodus 21:17; Leviticus 19:14, 20:9 once followed by בְּ Isaiah 8:21. קִלֵּל לוֹ reflex. to curse oneself, i.e. to bring a curse upon oneself, 1 Samuel 3:13, “because he knew כִּי מְקַלְלִים לָהֶם בָּנָיו that his sons had brought a curse upon themselves.”
Pual, to be cursed, Isaiah 65:20; Job 24:18. Part. one who is accursed, Psalms 37:22.
Hiphil הֵקֵל, inf. הָקֵל, fut. יָקֵל.
(1) to make light, to lighten
(a) followed by an acc. of the thing and מֵעַל of pers. to lighten and cast away any thing from any one, 1 Kings 12:10; 1 Samuel 6:5.
(b) without the accusative, Exodus 18:22, הָקֵל מֵעָלֶיךָ “lighten from off thee,” sc. the burden, business, make thy business lighter; Jonah 1:5.
(c) followed by מֵעַל of the thing, 1 Kings 12:4, הָקֵל מֵעֲבֹדַת אָבִיךָ “lighten (somewhat) from the servitude of thy father,” i.e. remit somewhat of the servitude which thy father imposed upon us; verse 1 Kings 12:9.
(2) to reckon lightly, to despise, 2 Sam. 19:44 Ezekiel 22:7 to bring to contempt, Isa. 8:23.
(1) to move to and fro, to shake together, Ezekiel 21:26. Arabic قَلْقَلَ Ethiopic እንቀልቀለ፡ to be moved.
(2) to make smooth, to polish; hence to sharpen, Ecclesiastes 10:10. The notion of smoothness (which originally does not differ from that of lightness) is also found in the adj. קָלָל.
Hithpalpel, to be moved, shaken together, Jeremiah 4:24.
Derivatives, קַל, קָלָל, קְלָלָה, קְלֹקֵל, קִיקָלוֹן, pr.n. קַלַּי, and
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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