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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #3592 - ὅδε

hod'-eh, hay'-deh, tod'-e  
Word Origin
from (3588) and (1161)
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. this one here, these things, as follows, thus
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (12) NAS (10) HCS (2)
Luke 2
Acts 2
James 1
Revelation 7
Acts 1
James 1
Revelation 7
Acts 1
James 1

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ὅδε, ἥδε, τόδε,

demonstr. Pron., this, formed by adding the enclit. -δε to the old demonstr. Pron. ὁ, ἡ, τό, and declined like it through all cases: dat. pl. τοῖσδεσσι, τοῖσδεσσιν, as well as τοῖσδε, Il. 10.462, Od. 2.47, al.; and τοῖσδεσι 10.268, 21.93; τοῖσδεσιν Democr. 175; τοισίδε Hdt. 1.32, al.: Aeol. gen. pl. τῶνδεων Alc. 126: Arg. gen. pl. τωνδεωνήν (= τῶνδεων ἤν) Mnemos. 57.208 (vi B. C.): nom. pl. neut. ταδήν ibid., IG 4.506.1; ταδή Sch. Ar. Ach. 744: — ὅδε, like οὗτος, is opp. ἐκεῖνος, to designate what is nearer as opp. to what is more remote; but ὅδε refers more distinctly to what is present, to what can be seen or pointed out, though this distinction is sts. not observed, e.g. ξύμπας Ἀχαιῶν λαός, ἐν δὲ τοῖσδ' ἐγώ S. Ph. 1243 (v.l. τοῖς), cf. Ant. 449, and on the other hand, ἦ τόνδε φράζεις; — τοῦτον, ὅνπερ εἰσορᾷς Id. OT 1120: the forms ὁδί, ἡδί, etc. [], are freq. in Com. and Oratt., but are not used in Trag.: the may be separated from the ὅδε by the adversative δέ, as τὸν μὲν.., τηνδεδί Ar. Av. 18, cf. Ec. 989.


1. of Place, to point out what is present or before one, Ἕκτορος ἥδε γυνή this is, or here is, the wife of Hector, Il. 6.460: very freq. in Trag., ἀκτὴ μὲν ἥδε Λήμνου S. Ph. I, cf. E. Tr. 4, Ion 5, Hel. I, HF 4, Ba. 1; in Com., ἐγὼ σιωπῶ τῷδε; Ar. Ra. 1134, etc.; and in Prose, ὧν Θεόδωρος εἷς ὅδε Pl. Tht. 164e; of what belongs to this world, Id. Phdr. 250a, Smp. 211c.

2. with Verbs of action, = here, ἀνδρί, ὅστις ὅδε κρατέει who holds sway here, Il. 5.175; ἔγχος μὲν τόδε κεῖται ἐπὶ χθονός here it lies, 20.345, cf. 21.533, Od. 1.185, etc.; ἥδ' ἡ κορώνη.. λέγει the crow here.., v.l. in Ar. Av. 23: freq. in Trag., esp. to indicate the entrance of a person on the stage, καὶ μὴν Ἐτεοκλῆς.. ὅδε χωρεῖ here comes.., E. Ph. 443, cf. S. OT 297, 531, 632, OC 32, 549; f.l. in E. Heracl. 80.

3. with a pers. Pron., ὅδ' ἐγὼ.. ἤλυθον here am I come, Od. 16.205; ἡμεῖς οἵδε περιφραζώμεθα let us here.., 1.76; δῶρα δ' ἐγὼν ὅδε.. παρασχέμεν here am I [ready] to provide.., Il. 19.140: with a pr. n., ὅδ' εἰμ' Ὀρέστης E. Or. 380: with αὐτός, ὅδ' αὐτὸς ἐγώ Od. 21.207, 24.321.

4. also with τίς and other interrog. words, τίς δ' ὅδε Ναυσικάᾳ ἕπεται; who is this following her? 6.276, cf. 1.225; τί κακὸν τόδε πάσχετε; what is this evil ye are suffering? 20.351; πρὸς ποῖον ἂν τόνδ'.. ἔπλει; S. Ph. 572, cf. 1204.

5. in Trag. dialogue, ὅδε and ὅδ' ἀνήρ, = ἐγώ, Id. OT 534, 815, etc.; γυναικὸς τῆσδε, for ἐμοῦ, A. Ag. 1438; τῆσδέ γε ζώσης ἔτι S. Tr. 305; so ξὺν τῇδε χερί with this hand of mine, Id. Ant. 43, cf. OT 811.

6. in Arist., τοδί designates a particular thing, 'such and such', τοδὶ διὰ τοδὶ αἱρεῖται EN 1151a35; τόδε μετὰ τόδε GA 734a28, cf. b9; Καλλίᾳ κάμνοντι τηνδὶ τὴν νόσον τοδὶ συνήνεγκε Metaph. 981a8; τόδε τὸ ἐν τῷ ἡμικυκλίῳ APo. 71a20; ἥδε ἡ ἰατρική, opp. αὐτὴ ἡ ἰ., Metaph. 997b30; τόδε τι a this, i.e. a fully specified particular, Cat. 3b10, al., cf. Gal. 6.113,171; τόδε τι καὶ οὐσία Arist. Metaph. 1060b1; πορευσόμεθα εἰς τήνδε τὴν πόλιν James 4:13.


1. of Time, to indicate the immediate present, ἥδ' ἡμέρα S. OT 438, etc.: more strongly, κατ' ἦμαρ.. τὸ νῦν τόδε Id. Aj. 753; τοῦδ' αὐτοῦ λυκάβαντος Od. 14.161; but νυκτὸς τῆσδε in the night just past, S. Aj. 21; νυκτὶ τῇδε Id. El. 644; so τῆσδε τῆς ὁδοῦ on this present journey, Id. OT 1478, cf. Ant. 878 (cj.); also ἀπόλλυμαι τάλας ἔτος τόδ' ἤδη δέκατον now for these ten years, Id. Ph. 312; τῶνδε τῶν ἀσκητῶν athletes of the present day, Pl. R. 403e.

2. ἐς τόδε elliptic c. gen., ἐς τόδ' ἡμέρας E. Ph. 425; ἐς τόδε ἡλικίης Hdt. 7.38; πῶς ἐς τόδ' ἂν τόλμης ἔβη; S. OT 125.


1. in sentences beginning this Isa., the Engl. this is freq. represented by nom. pl. neut. τάδε ; ἐπεὶ οὐκ ἔρανος τάδε γ' ἐστίν this is not an ἔρανος, Od. 1.226; ἆρ' οὐχ ὕβρις τάδ'; is not this insolence? S. OC 883; of persons, Ἀπόλλων τάδ' ἦν this was A., S. OT 1329 (lyr.); οὐ γὰρ ἔσθ' Ἕκτωρ τάδε E. Andr. 168; οὐκέτι Τροία τάδε Id. Tr. 100 (anap.); οὐ τάδε Βρόμιος Id. Cyc. 63 (lyr.); οὐκ Ἴωνες τάδε εἰσίν Th. 6.77; τάδ' οὐχὶ Πελοπόννησος, ἀλλ' Ἰωνία Inscr. ap. Str. 9.1.6.

2. to indicate something immediately to come, τόδε μοι κρήηνον ἐέλδωρ (which then follows) Il. 1.41, 504, cf. 455, al.; Ἀθηναίων οἵδε ἀπέθανον IG 12.943.2: hence, in historical writers, opp. what goes before (cf. οὗτος c. 1.2), ταῦτα μὲν Λακεδαιμόνιοι λέγουσι.., τάδε δὲ ἐγὼ γράφω Hdt. 6.53; ταῦτα μὲν δὴ σὺ λέγεις· παρ' ἡμῶν δὲ ἀπάγγελλε τάδε X. An. 2.1.20, etc.; v. οὗτος B. 1.2; opp. ἐκεῖνος, S. El. 784: rarely applied to different persons in the same sentence, νῦν ὅδε [La[*]us] πρὸς τῆς τύχης ὄλωλεν, οὐδὲ τοῦδ' ὕπο [by Oedipus] Id. OT 948.

3. as 'antecedent' to a defining Relat., ὃν πόλις στήσειε, τοῦδε χρὴ κλύειν Id. Ant. 666, cf. Tr. 23, Ph. 87, etc.: in Hom., in such cases, the δέ is separate, as ὃς δέ κε μηρίνθοιο τύχῃ.., ὁ δ' οἴσεται ἡμιπέλεκκα Il. 23.858, cf. Od. 11.148, 149, al. (but ὅδε sts. has its deictic force and the relat. clause merely explains, as νήσου τῆσδ' ἐφ' ἧς ναίει S. Ph. 613, cf. Il. 2.346, X. An. 7.3.47, etc.). Adverbial usage of some cases:

1 τῇδε, of Place, here, on the spot, Il. 12.345, Od. 6.173, etc.; so τῶν τε ὑπὸ γῆς θεῶν καὶ τῶν τ. Pl. Lg. 958d. of Manner, thus, A. Eu. 45; ὅρα δὲ καὶ τ., ὅτι.. Pl. Phd. 79e, cf. R. 433e, etc.

2. acc. neut. τόδε with ἱκάνω, etc., hither, to this spot, Il. 14.298, Od. 1.409, al.; also δεῦρο τόδε Il. 14.309, Od. 17.444, 524. therefore, on this account, τόδε χώεο 23.213: so also acc. pl. neut., τάδε γηθήσειε on this account, Il. 9.77.

3. dat. pl. neut., τοισίδε in or with these words, τοισίδε ἀμείβεται Hdt. 1.120; τοισίδε προέχει in these respects, ib. 32.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ὅδε, ἤδη, τόδε (from the old demonstrative pronoun , , τό, and the enclitic δέ) (from Homer down), this one here, Latinhicce, haecce, hocce;

a. it refers to what precedes: Luke 10:39 and Rec. in ; τάδε πάντα, 2 Corinthians 12:19 Griesbach; to what follows: neuter plural τάδε, these (viz. the following) things, as follows, thus, introducing words spoken, Acts 15:23 R G; τάδε λέγει etc., Acts 21:11; Revelation 2:1, 8, 12, 18; Revelation 3:1, 7, 14.

b. εἰς τήνδε τήν πόλιν (where we say into this or that city) (the writer not knowing what particular city the speakers he introduces would name), James 4:13 (cf. Winer's Grammar, 162 (153), who adduces as similar τήνδε τήν ἡμέραν, Plutarch, symp. 1, 6, 1; (but see Lünemann's addition to Winers and especially Buttmann, § 127, 2)).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ὅδε , ἥδε , τόδε

(the old demonstr. pron., + the enclitic δε ), = Lat. hicce, this (here), referring prop, to what is present, can be seen or pointed out: of a person just named, τῇδε (= ταύτῃ ), Luke 10:39; neut. pl., τάδε (λέγει ), referring to words which follow (so in Att.., and v. MM, xvii) : Acts 21:11, Revelation 2:1; Revelation 2:8; Revelation 2:12; Revelation 2:18; Revelation 3:1; Revelation 3:7; Revelation 3:14; εἰς τήνδε τ . πόλιν (= Att.. τῇ καὶ τῇ , Plat., Legg., iv, 721 B ), such and such a city, James 4:13.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
List of Word Forms
ήδε οδε οδέ όδε οίδε Ταδε Τάδε τηδε τήδε τῇδε τηνδε τήνδε τόδε τόνδε Tade Táde tede tēde têide tē̂ide tende tēnde tḗnde
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