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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #3588 -

Transliteration
ho
Phonetics
ho, hay, to
Origin
in all their inflections, the definite article
Parts of Speech
article
TDNT
None
Definition
Thayer's
  1. this, that, these, etc.
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (541)
Matthew
88
Mark
20
Luke
50
John
49
Acts
54
Romans
27
1 Corinthians
23
2 Corinthians
29
Galatians
13
Ephesians
17
Philippians
13
Colossians
15
1 Thessalonians
12
2 Thessalonians
3
1 Timothy
13
2 Timothy
9
Titus
1
Philemon
2
Hebrews
12
James
6
1 Peter
13
2 Peter
1
2 John
2
3 John
1
Jude
2
Revelation
66
NAS (603)
Matthew
95
Mark
40
Luke
69
John
29
Acts
61
Romans
54
1 Corinthians
42
2 Corinthians
14
Galatians
18
Ephesians
12
Philippians
5
Colossians
8
1 Thessalonians
8
2 Thessalonians
6
1 Timothy
16
2 Timothy
6
Titus
8
Philemon
1
Hebrews
38
James
7
1 Peter
13
2 Peter
3
1 John
2
2 John
1
3 John
1
Jude
3
Revelation
43
HCS (10054)
Matthew
1380
Mark
818
Luke
1261
John
1107
Acts
1458
Romans
509
1 Corinthians
479
2 Corinthians
235
Galatians
153
Ephesians
214
Philippians
91
Colossians
117
1 Thessalonians
65
2 Thessalonians
52
1 Timothy
90
2 Timothy
68
Titus
27
Philemon
12
Hebrews
406
James
112
1 Peter
97
2 Peter
51
1 John
165
2 John
18
3 John
20
Jude
24
Revelation
1025
BSB (19889)
Matthew
2792
Mark
1511
Luke
2651
John
2192
Acts
2711
Romans
1107
1 Corinthians
871
2 Corinthians
553
Galatians
278
Ephesians
433
Philippians
193
Colossians
263
1 Thessalonians
193
2 Thessalonians
112
1 Timothy
158
2 Timothy
151
Titus
61
Philemon
36
Hebrews
699
James
232
1 Peter
202
2 Peter
125
1 John
359
2 John
33
3 John
30
Jude
58
Revelation
1885
ESV (435)
Matthew
59
Mark
17
Luke
52
John
44
Acts
43
Romans
19
1 Corinthians
20
2 Corinthians
26
Galatians
12
Ephesians
14
Philippians
11
Colossians
9
1 Thessalonians
11
2 Thessalonians
3
1 Timothy
12
2 Timothy
8
Titus
1
Hebrews
9
James
6
1 Peter
9
Revelation
50
WEB (1039)
Matthew
64
Mark
64
Luke
147
John
64
Acts
148
Romans
57
1 Corinthians
111
2 Corinthians
52
Galatians
64
Ephesians
52
Philippians
19
Colossians
15
1 Thessalonians
17
1 Timothy
12
2 Timothy
9
Titus
7
Philemon
3
Hebrews
13
James
15
1 Peter
17
2 Peter
2
1 John
12
2 John
1
3 John
4
Revelation
70
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ὁ, ἡ, τό,

is, when thus written, demonstr. Pronoun. in Att., definite or prepositive Article. in , the so-called postpositive Article, = relative Pronoun, ὅς, ἥ, ὅ. —

I The nom. masc. and fem. sg. and pl., ὁ, ἡ, οἱ, αἱ, have no accent in codd. and most printed books, exc. when used as the relative; but ὁ, ἡ, οἱ, αἱ differ only in writing from ὃ, ἣ, οἳ, αἳ; the nom. forms of the article are said by Hdn.Gr.1.474 to be oxytone, and by A.D. Pron. 8.7 not to be enclitic. The forms τῶν, τοῖς, ταῖς were barytone (i. e. τὼν, τοὶς, ταὶς) in Aeol. acc. to Aristarch. ap. A.D. Synt. 51.26. For οἱ, αἱ some dialects (not Cypr., cf. Inscr.Cypr. 135.30H., nor Cret., cf. Leg.Gort. 5.28, nor Lesbian, cf. Alc. 81, Sapph. Supp. 5.1) and Hom. have τοί, ταί (though οἱ, αἱ are also found in Hom.): other Homeric forms are gen. sg. τοῖο, gen. and dat. dual τοῖιν Od. 18.34, al.: gen. pl. fem. τάων [], dat. τοῖσι, τῇς and τῇσι, never ταῖσι or ταῖς in Hom. In Dor. and all other dialects exc. Att. and Ion. the fem. forms preserve the old instead of changing it to η, hence Dor. etc. ἁ, τάν, τᾶς; the gen. pl. τάων contracts in many dialects to τᾶν; the gen. sg. is in many places τῶ, acc. pl. τώς, but Cret., etc., τόνς (Leg.Gort. 7.7, al.) or τός (ib.3.50, al.); in Lesbian Aeol. the acc. pl. forms are τοὶς, ταὶς, IG 12(2).645 A 13, B 62; dat. pl. τοῖς, ταῖς (or τοὶς, ταὶς, v. supr.), ib.645 A 8, ib.1.6; ταῖσι as demonstr., Sapph. 16. The Att. Poets also used the Ion. and forms τοῖσι, ταῖσι; and in Trag. we find τοὶ μέν.., τοὶ δέ.., for οἱ μέν.., οἱ δέ.., not only in lyr., as A. Pers. 584, Th. 295, 298; οἱ μέν.. τοὶ δ' S. Aj. 1404 (anap.); but even in a trimeter, A. Pers. 424. In Att. the dual has usu. only one gender, τὼ θεώ (for τὰ θεά) And. 1.113 sq.; τὼ πόλεε Foed. ap. Th. 5.23; τὼ ἡμέρα X. Cyr. 1.2.11; τὼ χεῖρε Id. Mem. 2.3.18; τοῖν χεροῖν Pl. Tht. 155e; τοῖν γενεσέοιν Id. Phd. 71e; τοῖν πολέοιν Isoc. 4.75 (τά S. Ant. 769, Ar. Eq. 424, 484, ταῖν Lys. 19.17, Isaiah 5:16, etc. have been corrected); in Arc. the form τοῖς functions as gen. dual fem., μεσακόθεν τοῖς κράναιυν Schwyzer 664.8 (Orchom., iv B.C.): in Elean and Boeot. ὁ, ἡ (), τό, with the addition of -ί, = ὅδε, ἥδε, τόδε, nom.pl. masc. τυΐ the following men, Schwyzer 485.14 (Thespiae, iii B.C.), al., cf. infr. VIII. 5. (With ὁ, ἁ, cf. Skt. demonstr. pron. sa, sâ, Goth. sa, sô, ONorse sá, sú, Old Lat. acc. sum, sam (Enn.): with τό [from Τόδ ] cf. Skt. tat (tad), Lat. is-tud, Goth. pata: with τοί cf. Skt. te, Lith. tĩe, O E. pá, etc.: with τάων cf. Skt. tâsâm, Lat. is-tarum: the origin of the relative ὅς, ἥ, ὅ (q. v.) is different.) ὁ, ἡ, τό,

DEMONSTR. PRONOUN, that, the oldest and in Hom. the commonest sense: freq. also in Hdt. (1.86, 5.35,al.), and sts. in Trag. (mostly in lyr., A. Supp. 1047, etc.; in trimeters, Id. Th. 197, Ag. 7, Eu. 174; τῶν γάρ.., τῆς γάρ.., Id. Supp. 358, S. OT 1082; seldom in Att. Prose, exc. in special phrases, v. infr. VI, VII):

I joined with a Subst., to call attention to it, ὁ Τυδεΐδης he Tydeus' famous son, Il. 11.660; τὸν Χρύσην that venerable man Chryses, I.II: and so with Appellat., Νέστωρ ὁ γέρων N. that aged man, 7.324; αἰετοῦ.. τοῦ θηρητῆρος the eagle, that which is called hunter, 21.252, al.; also to define and give emphasis, τιμῆς τῆς Πριάμου for honour, namely that of Priam, 20.181; οἴχετ' ἀνὴρ ὤριστος a man is gone, and he the best, 11.288, cf. 13.433, al.: sts. with words between the Pron. and Noun, αὐτὰρ ὁ αὖτε Πέλοψ 2.105; τὸν Ἕκτορι μῦθον ἐνίσπες 11.186, cf. 703, al.: different from this are cases like Il. 1.409 αἴ κέν πως ἐθέλῃσιν ἐπὶ Τρώεσσιν ἀρῆξαι, τοὺς δὲ κατὰ πρύμνας τε καὶ ἀμφ' ἅλα ἔλσαι Ἀχαιούς if he would help the Trojans, but drive those back to the ships I mean the Achaeans, where Ἀχ. is only added to explain τούς, cf. 1.472, 4.20, 329, al.

II freq. without a Subst., he, she, it, ὁ γὰρ ἦλθε Il. 1.12, al.

III placed after its Noun, before the Relat. Prons., ἐφάμην σὲ περὶ φρένας ἔμμεναι ἄλλων, τῶν ὅσσοι Λυκίην ναιετάουσι far above the rest, above those to wit who, etc., Il. 17.172; οἷ' οὔ πώ τιν' ἀκούομεν οὐδὲ παλαιῶν, τάων αἳ πάρος ἦσαν.. Ἀχαιαί such as we have not heard tell of yet even among the women of old, those women to wit who.., Od. 2.119, cf. Il. 5.332; θάλαμον τὸν ἀφίκετο, τόν ποτε τέκτων ξέσσεν Od. 21.43, cf. 1.116, 10.74: for the Att. usage v. infr. before a Possessive Pron. its demonstr. force is sts. very manifest, φθίσει σε τὸ σὸν μένος that spirit of thine, Il. 6.407, cf. 11.608; but in 15.58, 16.40, and elsewh. it is merely the Art. for cases in which the Homeric usage approaches most nearly to the Attic, v. infr. B. init. ὁ μέν.., ὁ δέ.. without a Subst., in all cases, genders, and numbers, Hom., etc.: sts. in Opposition, where ὁ μέν prop. refers to the former, ὁ δέ to the latter; more rarely ὁ μέν the latter, ὁ δέ the former, Pl. Prt. 359e, Isoc. 2.32,34: sts. in Partition, the one.., the other.., etc. The Noun with it is regularly in gen. pl., being divided by the ὁ μέν.., ὁ δέ.., into parts, ἠΐθεοι καὶ παρθένοι.., τῶν δ' αἱ μὲν λεπτὰς ὀθόνας ἔχον, οἱ δὲ χιτῶνας εἵατο Il. 18.595; τῶν πόλεων αἱ μὲν τυραννοῦνται, αἱ δὲ δημοκρατοῦνται, αἱ δὲ ἀριστοκρατοῦνται Pl. R. 338d, etc.: but freq. the

1. Noun is in the same case, by a kind of apposition, ἴδον υἷε Δάρητος, τὸν μὲν ἀλευάμενον τὸν δὲ κτάμενον Il. 5.28, cf. Od. 12.73, etc.: so in Trag. and Att., S. Ant. 22, etc.; πηγὴ ἡ μὲν εἰς αὐτὸν ἔδυ, ἡ δὲ ἔξω ἀπορρεῖ Pl. Phdr. 255c; if the Noun be collective, it is in the gen. sg., ὁ μὲν πεπραμένος ἦν τοῦ σίτου, ὁ δὲ ἔνδον ἀποκείμενος D. 42.6: sts. a Noun is added in apposition with ὁ μέν or ὁ δέ, ὁ μὲν οὔτασ' Ἀτύμνιον ὀξέϊ δουρὶ Ἀντίλοχος.., Μάρις δὲ.. Il. 16.317 - 19, cf. 116; τοὺς μὲν τὰ δίκαια ποιεῖν ἠνάγκασα, τοὺς πλουσίους, τοὺς δὲ πένητας κτλ. D. 18.102, cf. Pl. Grg. 501a, etc.

2. when a neg. accompanies ὁ δέ, it follows δέ, e.g. τὰς γοῦν Ἀθήνας οἶδα τὸν δὲ χῶρον οὔ S. OC 24; τὸν φιλόσοφον σοφίας ἐπιθυμητὴν εἶναι, οὐ τῆς μὲν τῆς δ' οὔ, ἀλλὰ πάσης Pl. R. 475b; οὐ πάσας χρὴ τὰς δόξας τιμᾶν, ἀλλὰ τὰς μὲν τὰς δ' οὔ· οὐδὲ πάντων, ἀλλὰ τῶν μὲν τῶν δ' οὔ Id. Cri. 47a, etc.

3. ὁ μέν τις.., ὁ δέ τις.. is used in Prose, when the Noun to which refers is left indefinite, ἔλεγον ὁ μέν τις τὴν σοφίαν, ὁ δὲ τὴν καρτερίαν.., ὁ δέ τις καὶ τὸ κάλλος X. Cyr. 3.1.41; νόμους.. τοὺς μὲν ὀρθῶς τιθέασιν τοὺς δέ τινας οὐκ ὀρθῶς Pl. R. 339c, cf. Phlb. 13c.

4. on τὸ μέν.., τὸ δέ.., or τὰ μέν.., τὰ δέ.., v. infr. VIII. 4.

5. ὁ μέν is freq. used without a corresponding ὁ δέ, οἱ μὲν ἄρ' ἐσκίδναντο.., Μυρμιδόνας δ' οὐκ εἴα ἀποσκίδνασθαι Il. 23.3, cf. 24.722, Th. 8.12, etc.: also folld. by ἀλλά, ἡ μὲν γάρ μ' ἐκέλευε.., ἀλλ' ἐγὼ οὐκ ἔθελον Od. 7.304; by ἄλλος δέ, Il. 6.147, etc.; τὸν μὲν.., ἕτερον δέ Ar. Av. 843, etc.; ὁ μέν.., ὃς δέ.. Thgn. 205 (v.l. οὐδέ): less freq. ὁ δέ in the latter clause without ὁ μέν preceding, τῇ ῥα παραδραμέτην φεύγων, ὁ δ' ὄπισθε διώκων (for ὁ μὲν φεύγων) Il. 22.157; σφραγῖδε.. χρυσοῦν ἔχουσα τὸν δακτύλιον, ἡ δ' ἑτέρα ἀργυροῦν IG 22.1388.45, cf. μέν D. III; γεωργὸς μὲν εἷς, ὁ δὲ οἰκοδόμος, ἄλλος δέ τις ὑφαντής Pl. R. 369d, cf. Tht. 181d.

6. ὁ δέ following μέν sts. refers to the subject of the preceding clause, τοῦ μὲν ἅμαρθ', ὁ δὲ Λεῦκον.. βεβλήκει Il. 4.491; τὴν μὲν γενομένην αὐτοῖσι αἰτίην οὐ μάλα ἐξέφαινε, ὁ δὲ ἔλεγέ σφι Hdt. 6.3, cf. 1.66, 6.9, 133, 7.6: rare in Att. Prose, ἐπεψήφιζεν αὐτὸς ἔφορος ὤν· ὁ δὲ οὐκ ἔφη διαγιγνώσκειν τὴν βοήν Th. 1.87; ἔμενον ὡς κατέχοντες τὸ ἄκρον· οἱ δ' οὐ κατεῖχον X. An. 4.2.6: this is different from ὁ δέ in apodosi, v. infr. 7; also from passages in which both clauses have a common verb, v. ὅ γε 11.

7. ὁ δέ is freq. used simply in continuing a narrative, Il. 1.43, etc.; also used by Hom. in apodosi after a relat., v. ὅδε 111.3.

8. the opposition may be expressed otherwise than by μέν and δέ, οὔθ' ὁ.. οὔθ' ὁ Il. 15.417; ἢ τοῖσιν ἢ τοῖς A. Supp. 439; οὔτε τοῖς οὔτε τοῖς Pl. Lg. 701e. the following usages prevailed in Att. Prose,

IV

1 in dialogue, after καί, it was usual to say in nom. sg. masc. καὶ ὅς; in the other cases the usual forms of the Art. were used (v. ὅς A. II.I and cf. Skt. sas, alternat. form of sa); so, in acc., καὶ τὸν εἰπεῖν Pl. Smp. 174a, cf. X. Cyr. 1.3.9, etc.; also in Hdt., καὶ τὴν φράσαι 6.61, al.

2. ὁ καὶ ὁ such and such, τῇ καὶ τῇ ἀτιμίᾳ Pl. Lg. 721b: but mostly in acc., καί μοι κάλει τὸν καὶ τόν Lys. 1.23, cf. Pl. Lg. 784d; τὰ καὶ τὰ πεπονθώς D. 21.141, cf. 9.68; τὸ καὶ τό Id. 18.243; ἀνάγκη ἄρα τὸ καὶ τό it must then be so and so, Arist. Rh. 1401a4, cf. 1413a22; but τὰ καὶ τά now one thing, now another, of good and bad, τὸν δ' ἀγαθὸν τολμᾶν χρὴ τά τε καὶ τὰ φέρειν Thgn. 398, cf. Pi. P. 5.55, 7.20, al.; τῶν τε καὶ τῶν καιρόν Id. O. 2.53; so πάντα τοῦ μετρίου μεταβαλλόμενα ἐπὶ τὰ καὶ ἐπὶ τά, of excess and defect, Hp. Acut. 46; cf. A. VI.8. abs. usages of single cases,

V

1 fem. dat. τῇ, of Place, there, on that spot, here, this way, that way, Il. 5.752, 858, al.: folld. by , 13.52, etc.: also in Prose, τὸ μὲν τῇ, τὸ δὲ τῇ X. Ath. 2.12. with a notion of motion towards, that way, in that direction, Il. 10.531, 11.149, 12.124; τῇ ἴμεν ᾗ.. 15.46; δελφῖνες τῇ καὶ τῇ ἐθύνεον ἰχθυάοντες Hes. Sc. 210: only poet. of Manner, τῇ περ τελευτήσεσθαι ἔμελλεν in this way, thus, Od. 8.510. repeated, τῇ μέν.., τῇ δέ.., in one way.., in another.., or partly.., partly.., E. Or. 356, Pl. Smp. 211a, etc.: without μέν, τῇ μᾶλλον, τῇ δ' ἧσσον Parm. 8.48. relat., where, by which way, only , as Il. 12.118, Od. 4.229.

2. neut. dat. τῷ, therefore, on this account, freq. in Hom., Il. 1.418, 2.254, al. (v. infr.): also in Trag., A. Pr. 239, S. OT 510 (lyr.); in Prose, τῷ τοι.. Pl. Tht. 179d, Sph. 230b. thus, so, Il. 2.373, 13.57, etc.: it may also, esp. when εἰ precedes, be translated, then, if this be so, on this condition, Od. 1.239, 3.224, 258,al., Theoc. 29.11. In Hom. the true form is prob. τῶ, as in cod. A, or τώ, cf. A.D. Adv. 199.2.

3. neut. acc. τό, wherefore, Il. 3.176, Od. 8.332, al., S. Ph. 142 (lyr.); also τὸ δέ abs., but the fact Isa., Pl. Ap. 23a, Men. 97c, Phd. 109d, Tht. 157b, R. 340d, Lg. 967a; even when the τό refers to what precedes, the contrast may lie not in the thing referred to, but in another part of the sentence (cf. supr. VI. 6), τὸ δ' ἐπὶ κακουργίᾳ.. ἐπετήδευσαν Th. 1.37; τὸ δὲ.. ἡμῖν μᾶλλον περιέσται Id. 2.89; φασὶ δέ τινες αὐτὸν καὶ τῶν ἑπτὰ σοφῶν γεγονέναι· τὸ δὲ οὐκ ἦν but he was not, Nic.Dam. 58J.

4. τὸ μέν.., τὸ δέ.., partly.., partly.., or on the one hand.., on the other.., Th. 7.36, etc., cf. Od. 2.46; more freq. τὰ μέν.., τὰ δέ.., Hdt. 1.173, S. Tr. 534, etc.; also τὰ μέν τι.., τὰ δέ τι.. X. An. 4.1.14; τὸ μέν τι.., τὸ δέ τι.. Luc. Macr. 14; τὰ μέν.., τὸ δὲ πλέον.. Th. 1.90: sts. without τὸ μέν.. in the first clause, τὸ δέ τι Id. 1.107, 7.48: rarely of Time, τὰ μὲν πολλὰ.., τέλος δέ several times.. and finally, Hdt. 3.85.

5. of Time, sts. that time, sts. this (present) time, συνμαχία κ' ἔα ἑκατὸν ϝέτεα, ἄρχοι δέ κα τοΐ (where it is possible, but not necessary, to supply ϝέτος) SIG 9.3 (Olympia, vi B.C.): so with Preps., ἐκ τοῦ, τοῖο, from that time, Il. 1.493, 15.601. πρὸ τοῦ, sts. written προτοῦ, before this, aforetime, Hdt. 1.103, 122, 5.55, A. Ag. 1204, Ar. Numbers 5:1-31, etc.; ἐν τῷ πρὸ τοῦ χρόνῳ Th. 1.32, cf. A. Eu. 462; τὸ πρὸ τοῦ D.S. 20.59. in Thess. Prose, ὑππρὸ τᾶς yesterday, τὰ ψαφίσματα τό τε ὑππρὸ τᾶς γενόμενον καὶ τὸ τᾶμον the decree which was passed yesterday (lit. before this [day]), and to-day's, IG 9(2).517.43 (Larissa, iii B.C.).

6. ἐν τοῖς is freq. used in Prose with Superlatives, ἐν τοῖσι θειότατον a most marvellous thing, Hdt. 7.137; ἐν τοῖς πρῶτοι the very first, Th. 1.6, etc.; ἐν τοῖσι πρῶτος (πρώτοις codd.) Pherecr. 145.4; [Ζεὺς] Ἔρωτά τε καὶ Ἀνάγκην ἐν τοῖς πρῶτα ἐγέννησεν first of all, Aristid. Or. 43(1).16, cf. 37(2).2: when used with fem. Nouns, ἐν τοῖς remained without change of gender, ἐν τοῖς πλεῖσται δὴ νῆες the greatest number of ships, Th. 3.17; ἐν τοῖς πρώτη ἐγένετο (sc. ἡ στάσις) ib. 82: also with Advbs., ἐν τοῖς μάλιστα Id. 8.90, Pl. Cri. 52a, Plu. 2.74e, 421d, 723e, Brut. 6, 11,al., Paus. 1.16.3, etc.; ἐν τοῖς χαλεπώτατα Th. 7.71; τὴν Αἴγυπτον ἐν τοῖς μάλιστα μελάγγειον οὖσαν Plu. 2.364c: in late Prose, also with Positives, ἐν τοῖς παράδοξον Aristid. Or. 48(24).47 codd.; with πάνυ, ἐν τοῖς πάνυ D.H. 1.19, cf. 66 (ἐν ταῖς πάνυ f.l. 4.14, 15). ὁ, ἡ, τό,

THE DEFINITE ARTICLE, the, to specify individuals: rare in this signf. in the earliest Gr., becoming commoner later. In Hom. the demonstr. force can generally be traced, v. supr. A. I, but the definite Art. must be recognized in places like Il. 1.167, 7.412, 9.309, 12.289, Od. 19.372: also when joined to an Adj. to make it a Subst., αἰ

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

, , τό ,

the prepositive article (ἄρθρον προτακτικόν ), originally a demonstr. prop. (so usually in Hom.), in general corresponding to the Eng. definite article.

I. As demonstr. Aron.

1. As freq. in Hom., absol., he (she, it), his (etc.) : Acts 17:28 (quoted from the poet Aratus).

2. Distributive, ὁ μὲν . . . ὁ δέ , the one . . . the other: 1 Corinthians 7:7, Galatians 4:22; pl., Acts 14:4; Acts 17:32, Philippians 1:16, al.; οἱ μὲν . . . ἄλλοι δέ , Matthew 16:14, John 7:12. οἱ μὲν . . . ὁ δέ , Hebrews 7:21; Hebrews 7:23.

3. In narration (without ό μὲν preceding), ὁ δέ , but he: Matthew 2:14, Mark 1:45, Luke 8:21, John 9:38, al. mult.

II. As prepositive article, the, prefixed,

1. to nouns unmodified: ὁ θεός , τὸ φῶς , etc.; to abstract nouns, ἡ σοφία , etc., to pl. nouns which indicate a class, οἱ ἀλώπεκες , foxes, Matthew 8:20, al.; to an individual as representing a class, ὁ ἐργάτης , Luke 10:7; c. nom. = voc. in addresses, Matthew 11:26, John 19:3, James 5:1, al.; to things which pertain to one, ἡ χεῖρ , his hand, Mark 3:1; to names of persons well known or already mentioned; usually to names of countries (originally adjectives), ἡ Ἰουδαία , etc.

2. To modified nouns : c. pers. prop. gen., μοῦ , σοῦ , etc.; c. poss. prop., ἐμός , σός , etc.; c. adj. between the art, and the noun, ό ἀγαθὸς ἄθρωτος , Matthew 12:35; the noun loll, by adj., both c. art., ὁ ποιμὴν ὁ καλός , John 10:11 (on ὁ ὄχλος πολύς , John 12:9, v. M, Pr., 84); before adjectival phrases, ἡ κατ᾿ ἐκλογὴν πρόοθεσις , Romans 9:11.

3. To other parts of speech used as substantives;

(a) neuter adjectives: τ . ἀγαθόν , etc.;

(b) cardinal numerals: ὁ εἷς , oἷ δύο , etc.;

(c) participles: ὁ Βαπτίζων (= ὁ Βαπτιστής , Matthew 14:2), Mark 6:14; πᾶς ὁ , c. ptcp., every one who, etc.;

(d) adverbs: τὸ πέραν , τὰ νῦν , ὁ ἔσω ἄνθρωπος ;

(e) infinitives: nom., τὸ θέλειν , Romans 7:18, al.; gen., τοῦ , after adjectives, ἄξιον τοῦ πορεύεσθαι , 1 Corinthians 16:4; verbs, ἔλαχεν τοῦ θυμιᾶσαι , Luke 1:9; and freq. in a final sense, ἐξῆλθεν σπΕέιρων τοῦ σπείρειν , Matthew 13:3 (on the artic. inf., v. B1., § 71).

4. In the neut. to sentences, phrases or single words treated as a quotation : τὸ Ἐι δύνῃ , Mark 9:23; τὸ ἔτι ἅπαξ , Hebrews 12:27; τό ἀνέβη , Ephesians 4:9, al.

5. To prepositional phrases: oἱ ἀπὸ Ἰταλίας , Hebrews 13:24; oἱ ἐκ νόμου , Romans 4:14; neut. acc absol., in adverbial phrases, τὸ καθ᾿ ἡμέραν , daily, Luke 11:3; τὸ κατὰ σάρκα , as regards the flesh, Romans 9:5,

6. To nouns in the genitive, denoting kinship, association, etc.: ὁ τοῦ , the son of (unless context indicates a different relationship), Matthew 10:2, al.; τὰ τοῦ θεοῦ , the things that pertain to God, Matthew 16:23; τὰ τῆς εἰρήνης , Romans 14:19 (cf. M, Pr., 81 If.; B1., §§ 46, 47).


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The following may serve as exx. of this common word, probably borrowed, like Lat. asinus, from some Asiatic language (Boisacq, p. 705)—P Petr III. 140 (a).2 (iii/B.C.) ἀπ [οστεῖ ]λόν μοι τὴν ὄνον, P Grenf II. 14 (b).5 f. (B.C. 225) (= Chrest. I. p. 489) συνκεχρήμε ̣[θ ]α δ ̣ὲ ὄνους βαδιστὰς (see s.v. βαδίζω) πέντε. . . ἑτοιμάκαμεν δὲ καὶ τοὺς τεσσαράκοντα ὄνους [τοὺς σ ]κ ̣[ε ]υ ̣οφόρους, P Ryl II. 142.20 (A.D. 37) ἤροσαν διὰ ὄνων εἰς λόγο (ν) δεσχ (= μ) (ν) ἑξακοσίων, ";they carried off by means of donkeys a matter of six hundred bundles"; (Edd.), ib. 145.16 (A.D. 38) ἀφήρπασεν παρ᾽ αὐτοῦ ὄνον θήλειαν, ";be robbed him of a female donkey"; (Edd.), P Lond II. 331.16 f. (A.D. 165) (= II. p. 154, Chrest. I. p. 575) δώσ [ο ]μεν ἔτι καταβαίνοντι ὄνους τέσσαρας καὶ ἀναβαίνοντι τοὺς ἴσους, ";we shall give him for the down journey four asses, and for the up journey the same number,"; P Oxy VI. 932.8 (late ii/A.D.) ἐὰν δύνῃ ἀναβῆναι ἵνα ἐπιγνοῖς (cf. Luke 1:4 א*) τὸν ὄνον, ";if you can go up to find out the ass, do so"; (Edd.), and ib. I. 112.6 (iii/iv A.D.) δήλωσόν μοι ἢ πλοίῳ ἐξέρχ [ει ] ἢ ὄνῳ, ";let me know whether you are coming by boat or by donkey,"; a good ex. of the instrumental dat. In P Fay 67.2 (A.D. 80) (πυροῦ) ὄνους τρεῖς, ὄνους = ";donkey-loads"; : cf. BGU II. 362i. 6 (A.D. 215) ὄν ]ων γ ̄ ὑπὸ δένδρα, ";three asses laden with trees";—a rare instance of Coptic syntactical influence found in the papyri (cf. s.v. ὀστέον, and see Thackeray Gr. i. p. 20). In Herodas vi. 83 ὁ ὄνος = ";the grindstone"; : cf. μύλος ὀνικός (Matthew 18:6, Mark 9:42). On the δίπλωμα ὄνων, see Ostr. i. p. 360 f. For ὀνηλάτης cf. P Fay 119.3 (c. A.D. 100), and for ὀνηλάσιον cf. P Ryl II. 183 (a).2 (A.D. 16). See also s.v. βαδίζω.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αι αί αἱ αἵ αυτά αυτοίς αυτού αὐτοῦ αυτών γῇ Η ἡ ἥ και μου ν Ο ὁ ὅ Ὃ οβελίσκοι οβολοί οβολός οβολώ οδόντες οι οἱ οἵ ὃν ος ου ούτοί πάσαν προς σε τα τά τὰ ΤΑΙΣ ταῖς τας τὰς τη τῇ την τήν τὴν ΤΗΣ τὴς τῆς τν τνω ΤΟ Τό τὸ τοις τοίς τοῖς ΤΟΝ τόν τὸν τοπρωϊ ΤΟΥ τοῦ τους τούς τοὺς τοῦς τω τῷ ΤΩΝ τῶν ψου ai autou autoû e Ē ge gē gêi gē̂i hai haí he hē hḗ ho hó HÒ hoi hoí hon hòn O oi on ta tá tà TAIS taîs tas tàs te tē têi tē̂i ten tēn tḗn tḕn TeS tês TĒS tḕs tē̂s TO Tó tò tō tôi tō̂i tois toîs TON tón tòn tôn TŌN tō̂n TOU toû tous toús toùs toûs
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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