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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #1161 - δέ

Transliteration
Phonetics
deh
Origin
a primary particle (adversative or continuative)
Parts of Speech
Conjunction
TDNT
None
Definition
Thayer's
  1. but, moreover, and, etc.
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (2763)
Matthew
472
Mark
191
Luke
525
John
213
Acts
544
Romans
138
1 Corinthians
216
2 Corinthians
75
Galatians
58
Ephesians
19
Philippians
27
Colossians
7
1 Thessalonians
14
2 Thessalonians
11
1 Timothy
26
2 Timothy
24
Titus
8
Philemon
7
Hebrews
71
James
33
1 Peter
30
2 Peter
22
1 John
11
3 John
3
Jude
12
Revelation
6
NAS (353)
Matthew
44
Mark
9
Luke
65
John
43
Acts
53
Romans
26
1 Corinthians
37
2 Corinthians
16
Galatians
12
Ephesians
2
Philippians
5
Colossians
1
1 Thessalonians
4
2 Thessalonians
5
1 Timothy
4
2 Timothy
3
Hebrews
13
James
4
1 Peter
2
2 Peter
1
Jude
2
Revelation
2
HCS (1528)
Matthew
208
Mark
93
Luke
271
John
101
Acts
233
Romans
120
1 Corinthians
160
2 Corinthians
52
Galatians
44
Ephesians
13
Philippians
22
Colossians
3
1 Thessalonians
12
2 Thessalonians
6
1 Timothy
23
2 Timothy
14
Titus
7
Philemon
6
Hebrews
54
James
32
1 Peter
24
2 Peter
10
1 John
9
3 John
1
Jude
9
Revelation
1
BSB (2794)
Matthew
496
Mark
161
Luke
543
John
213
Acts
555
Romans
148
1 Corinthians
210
2 Corinthians
73
Galatians
58
Ephesians
20
Philippians
27
Colossians
5
1 Thessalonians
15
2 Thessalonians
11
1 Timothy
31
2 Timothy
24
Titus
8
Philemon
6
Hebrews
71
James
37
1 Peter
28
2 Peter
21
1 John
11
3 John
3
Jude
12
Revelation
7
ESV (2131)
Matthew
348
Mark
143
Luke
403
John
156
Acts
461
Romans
111
1 Corinthians
150
2 Corinthians
55
Galatians
53
Ephesians
18
Philippians
21
Colossians
3
1 Thessalonians
14
2 Thessalonians
10
1 Timothy
22
2 Timothy
20
Titus
7
Hebrews
58
James
27
1 Peter
24
2 Peter
12
1 John
11
Revelation
4
WEB (2580)
Matthew
327
Mark
159
Luke
494
John
226
Acts
574
Romans
135
1 Corinthians
205
2 Corinthians
76
Galatians
58
Ephesians
20
Philippians
24
Colossians
6
1 Thessalonians
14
2 Thessalonians
11
1 Timothy
31
2 Timothy
24
Titus
8
Philemon
6
Hebrews
66
James
32
1 Peter
29
2 Peter
21
1 John
10
3 John
3
Jude
11
Revelation
10
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

δέ,

but: adversative and copulative Particle,

I answering to μέν (q. v.), τὴν νῦν μὲν Βοιωτίαν, πρότερον δὲ Καδμηίδα γῆν καλουμένην Th. 1.12, etc.

II without preceding μέν,

1 adversative, expressing dist. opposition, αἰεί τοι τὰ κάκ' ἐστὶ φίλα.. μαντεύεσθαι, ἐσθλὸν δ' οὔτε τί πω εἶπας ll. 1.108; ὀρθῶς ἔλεξας, οὐ φίλως δέ μοι λέγεις E. Or. 100, cf. S. Ant. 85, etc.; τέθνηκεν ἀνδρὸς οὐδενός, θεοῦ δ' ὕπο Id. Ph. 334; so in Prose, οὐκ ἐπὶ κακῷ, ἐλευθερώσει δέ.. Th. 4.86; οἱ αἰχμάλωτοι.. ᾤχοντο εἰς Δεκέλειαν, οἱ δ' εἰς Μέγαρα X. HG 1.2.14, cf. Cyr. 4.5.46; ἡ δ' ἑτέρα IG 2.652 A 45.

2. copulative, in explanatory clauses, ξυνέβησαν.. τὰ μακρὰ τείχη ἑλεῖν (ἦν δὲ σταδίων μάλιστα ὀκτώ) Th. 4.66, cf. Il. 7.48: when a Subst. is folld. by words in apposition, Ἀρισταγόρῃ τῷ Μιλησίῳ, δούλῳ δὲ ἡμετέρῳ Hdt. 7.8. β'; μήτηρ βασιλέως βασίλεια δ' ἐμή A. Pers. 152; so in answers, διπλᾶ λέγειν. — Answ. διπλᾶδ' ὁρᾶν Id. Th. 974. in enumerations or transitions, Il. 1.43 - 49, 345 - 351, X. Cyr. 1.2.1, etc.; with repetition of a word in different relations, ὣς Ἀχιλεὺς θάμβησεν.., θάμβησαν δὲ καὶ ἄλλοι Il. 24.483; σάκος εἷλε.., εἵλετο δ' ἔγχος 14.9 sq.; Ζεύς ἐστιν αἰθήρ, Ζεὺς δὲ γῆ, Ζεὺς δ' οὐρανός A. Fr. 70; κινεῖκραδίαν, κινεῖδὲ χόλον E. Med. 99; ὄζει ἴων, ὄζει δὲ ῥόδων, ὄζει δ' ὑακίνθου Hermipp. 82.8; in rhetorical outbursts, οὐκ ἂν εὐθέως εἴποιεν· τὸν δὲ βάσκανον, τὸν δὲ ὄλεθρον, τοῦτον δὲ ὑβρίζειν, — ἀναπνεῖν δέ. D. 21.209; in a climax, πᾶν γύναιον καὶ παιδίον καὶ θηρίον δέ nay even beast, Pl. Tht. 171e, cf. X. HG 5.2.37; in the combination καὶ δέ Il. 23.80, al., καὶ.. δέ A. Pr. 973, E. El. 1117, etc., each particle retains its force. answering to τε (q. v.), ἃ τῶν τε ἀποβαινόντων ἕνεκα ἄξια κεκτῆσθαι, πολὺ δὲ μᾶλλον αὐτὰ αὑτῶν Pl. R. 367c.

3. implying causal connexion, less direct than γάρ, Il. 6.160, Od. 1.433.

4. in questions, with implied opposition, ἑόρακας δ', ἔφη, τὴν γυναῖκα; X. Cyr. 5.1.4; καὶ ὁ Σωκράτης, εἰπέ μοι, ἔφη, κύνας δὲ τρέφεις; Id. Mem. 2.9.2, cf. 2.1.26, S. Ant. 1172: in Trag. (not in Com. or Oratt.), when the speaker turns from one person to another, the voc. stands first, then the pers. Pron. folld. by δέ, as Μενέλαε, σοὶ δὲ τάδε λέγω.. E. Or. 622, etc.; also in Hdt., ὦ δέσποτα, ἐγὼ δὲ ταῦτα ἐποίησα 1.115. τί δέ; what then ? to mark a transition in dialogue; v. τίς.

II in apodosi:

1 after hypothetical clauses, εἰ δέ κε μὴ δώωσιν, ἐγὼ δέ κεν αὐτὸς ἕλωμαι if they will not give it, then I.., Il. 1.137, cf. Od. 12.54; εἰ μηδὲ τοῦτο βούλει ἀποκρίνασθαι, σὺ δὲ τοὐντεῦθεν λέγε X. Cyr. 5.5.21, cf. Pi. O. 3.43 (v.l.), A. Ag. 1060, Hdt. 5.1, etc. after temporal or relative clauses, with ἐπεί, ἕως, etc., Il. 24.255, Hdt. 9.70, etc.; μέχρι.. εἶχον τὰ βέλη, οἱ δὲ ἀντεῖχον Th. 3.98; with demonstr. Pronouns or Advbs. answering to a preceding relative, οἵηπερ φύλλων γενεή, τοίη δὲ καὶ ἀνδρῶν Il. 6.146, etc.; ἆθλα οἷς κεῖται ἀρετῆς μέγιστα, τοῖς δὲ καὶ ἄνδρες ἄριστοι πολιτεύουσιν Th. 2.46; τοὺς δ' ἔλαβε τυράννους.. τούτους δὲ.. ἐξεδίδου Hdt. 5.37, cf. Isoc. 4.98, Pl. La. 194d; οἷα μὲν ἕκαστα ἐμοὶ φαίνεται τοιαῦτα μὲν ἔστιν ἐμοί, οἷα δὲ σοί, τοιαῦτα δὲ αὖ σοί Id. Tht. 152a: sts. after a participle, οἰόμενοι.. τιμῆς τεύξεσθαι, ἀντὶ δὲ τούτων οὐδ' ὅμοιοι.. ἐσόμεθα X. An. 6.6.16, cf. Isoc. 15.71 (v.l.).

2. to resume after an interruption or parenthesis, χρόνου δὲ ἐπιγινομένου καὶ κατεστραμμένων σχεδὸν πάντων.., — κατεστραμμένων δὲ τούτων.. Hdt. 1.28, 29; νῦν δ' αὖ πάλιν ὑπό τε πλούτου διαθρυπτόμενος.. καὶ ὑπ' ἀνθρώπων.. ὑπὸ τοιούτων δέ.. X. Cyr. 7.2.23; with an anacoluthon, ἡ δὲ ψυχὴ ἄρα, — οἷ ἂν θεὸς θέλῃ.. τῇ ἐμῇ ψυχῇ ἰτέον, αὕτη δὲ δή.. Pl. Phd. 80d: for δ' οὖν, v. οὖν.

3. to begin a story, ἦμος δ' ἠέλιος.. well, when the sun.., Od. 4.400.

4. to introduce a proof, τεκμήριον δέ, σημεῖον δέ, v. sub vocc.

POSITION of δέ. It usu. stands second: hence freq. between Art. and Subst. or Pr and case; but also after Subst., or words forming a connected notion, hence it may stand third, γυναῖκα πιστὴν δ' ἐν δόμοις εὕροι A. Ag. 606, cf. Th. 411, Eu. 531, S. Ph. 959, etc.; fourth, Id. OT 485, E. Hel. 688, A. Pr. 323, 383, etc.; fifth, ib. 401c odd.; even sixth, Epigen. 7 (codd. Poll.); so in Prose after a neg., οὐχ ὑπ' ἐραστοῦ δέ, to avoid confusion between οὐ δέ and οὐδέ, Pl. Phdr. 227c.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

δέ

(before vowels δ᾽ ; on the general neglect of the elision in NT, v. WE, App., 146; Tdf., Pr., 96), post-positive conjunctive particle;

1. copulative, but, in the next place, and, now (Abbott, JG, 104): Matthew 1:2 ff., 2 Corinthians 6:15-16, 2 Peter 1:5-7; in repetition for emphasis, Romans 3:21-22; Romans 9:30, 1 Corinthians 2:6, Galatians 2:2, Philippians 2:8; in transition to something new, Matthew 1:18; Matthew 2:19, Luke 13:1, John 7:14, Acts 6:1, Romans 8:28, 1 Corinthians 7:1; 1 Corinthians 8:1, al.; in explanatory parenthesis or addition, John 3:19, Romans 5:8, 1 Corinthians 1:12, Ephesians 2:4; Ephesians 5:32, al.; ὡς δέ , John 2:9; καὶ ... δέ , but also, Matthew 10:18, Luke 1:76, John 6:51, Romans 11:23, al.; καὶ ἐὰν δέ , yea even if, John 8:16.

2. Adversative, but, on the other hand, prop., answering to a foregoing C (q.v.), and distinguishing a word or clause from one preceding (in NT most freq. without μέν ; Bl., § 77, 12): ἐὰν δέ , Matthew 6:14; Matthew 6:23, al.; ἐγὼ (σὺ , etc.) δέ , Matthew 5:22; Matthew 6:6, Mark 8:29, al.; ὁ δέ , αὐτὸς δέ , Mark 1:45, Luke 4:40, al.; after a negation, Matthew 6:19-20, Romans 3:4, 1 Thessalonians 5:21, al.


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
List of Word Forms
δ δ' ΔΕ δέ δὲ δι' καὶ τε d d' DE dé dè kai kaì te
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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