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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #769 - ἀσθένεια

Transliteration
asthéneia
Phonetics
as-then'-i-ah  
Word Origin
from (772)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
TDNT
1:490,83
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. want of strength, weakness, infirmity
    1. of the body
      1. its native weakness and frailty
      2. feebleness of health or sickness
    2. of the soul
      1. want of strength and capacity requisite 1b
    3. to understand a thing 1b
    4. to do things great and glorious 1b
    5. to restrain corrupt desires 1b
    6. to bear trials and troubles
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 3782 ‑ כָּשַׁל (kaw‑shal');  6094 ‑ עַצֶּבֶת (ats‑tseh'‑beth);  8213 ‑ שָׁפֵל (shaw‑fale');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (48) NAS (24) HCS (24)
Matthew 1
Luke 4
John 2
Acts 1
Romans 2
1 Corinthians 2
2 Corinthians 5
Galatians 1
1 Timothy 1
Hebrews 4
Matthew 1
Luke 4
John 2
Acts 1
Romans 2
1 Corinthians 2
2 Corinthians 5
Galatians 1
1 Timothy 1
Hebrews 4
Matthew 1
Luke 4
John 2
Acts 1
Romans 2
1 Corinthians 2
2 Corinthians 6
Galatians 1
1 Timothy 1
Hebrews 4
BYZ TIS TR
N-APF 3
N-ASF 4
N-DPF 5
N-DSF 4
N-GPF 2
N-GSF 5
N-NSF 1
N-APF 3
N-ASF 4
N-DPF 4
N-DSF 5
N-GPF 2
N-GSF 5
N-NSF 1
N-APF 3
N-ASF 4
N-DPF 5
N-DSF 4
N-GPF 2
N-GSF 5
N-NSF 1
NA WH
N-APF 3
N-ASF 4
N-DPF 4
N-DSF 5
N-GPF 2
N-GSF 4
N-NSF 1
PREP 1
N-APF 3
N-ASF 4
N-DPF 4
N-DSF 6
N-GPF 2
N-GSF 6
N-NSF 1


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀσθέν-εια, ἡ,

1. want of strength, weakness, Th. 1.3, etc.: in pl., ἰσχύες καὶ ἀ. Pl. R. 618d; esp. feebleness, sickliness, Hdt. 4.135; ἀ. τοῦ γήρως Antipho 4.3.2, Pl. R. 330e; σωμάτων Th. 4.36, etc.

2. disease, sickness, Id. 2.49 (pl.), OGI 244.11 (Daphne, ii B.C.), etc.; δι' ἀσθένειαν Galatians 4:13.

3. ἀ. βίου poverty, Hdt. 2.47, 8.51.

4. in moral sense, feebleness, weakness, τῆς ἀνθρωπίνης φύσεως Pl. Lg. 854a, cf. Arist. EN 1150b19; τοῦ ἀκροατοῦ Arist. Rh. 1419a18. Rare in poetry, as E. HF 269. -έω,

1. to be weak, feeble, sickly, ἀ. μέλη to be weak in limb, E. Or. 228; τοὺς ὀφθαλμοὺς ἀ. Pl. Ly. 209e; ἀ. ἀσθένεια[]ν Id. Chrm. 155b: abs., E. Hipp. 274, Th. 7.47, Matthew 10:8, etc.; ἠσθένησε he fell sick, D. 1.13; ἀσθενέων sick man, Hp. VM 12 (Phot. says that μαλακίζεσθχι is used of women); ἠσθενηκότα Plb. 31.13.7.

2. to be needy, Ar. Pax 636; ἠσθενηκότες, of those unable to pay taxes, PTeb. 188 (i B.C.).

3. c. inf., to be too weak to do a thing, not to be able.., J. BJ 2.15.5; εἰς τὸ θεωρεῖν Plot. 3.8.4.

4. decline, ἠσθένησεν ἡ ἡμέρα εἰς τὴν ἑσπέραν LXX Jd. 19.9.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἀσθένεια, ἀσθενείας, (ἀσθενής) (from Herodotus down), want of strength, weakness, infirmity;

a. of Body; α. its native weakness and frailty: 1 Corinthians 15:43; 2 Corinthians 13:4. β. feebleness of health; sickness: John 5:5; John 11:4; Luke 13:11, 12; Galatians 4:13 (ἀσθένεια τῆς σαρκός); Hebrews 11:34; in plural: Matthew 8:17; Luke 5:15; Luke 8:2; Acts 28:9; 1 Timothy 5:23.

b. of Soul; want of the strength and capacity requisite α. to understand a thing: Romans 6:19 (where ἀσθένειαν τῆς σαρκός denotes the weakness of human nature). β. to do things great and glorious, as want of human wisdom, of skill in speaking, in the management of men: 1 Corinthians 2:3. γ. to restrain corrupt desires; proclivity to sin: Hebrews 5:2; Hebrews 7:28; plural the various kinds of this proclivity, Hebrews 4:15. δ. to bear trials and troubles: Romans 8:26 (where read τῇ ἀσθένεια for Rec. ταῖς ἀσθενείαις); 2 Corinthians 11:30; 2 Corinthians 12:9; plural the mental (?) states in which this weakness manifests itself: 2 Corinthians 12:5, 9f.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἀσθένεια , -ας ,

(< ἀσθενής ),

[in LXX for H3782, etc.;]

weakness, frailty, sickness: Luke 13:11-12, John 11:4, Acts 28:9, Romans 6:19; Romans 8:26, 2 Corinthians 11:30; 2 Corinthians 13:4, Galatians 4:13 (MM, s.v.), Hebrews 5:2; Hebrews 7:28; Hebrews 11:34; ἐν ἀ ., John 5:5, 1 Corinthians 2:3; 1 Corinthians 15:43, 2 Corinthians 12:9; pl., Matthew 8:17, Luke 5:15; Luke 8:2, 2 Corinthians 12:5; 2 Corinthians 12:9-10, 1 Timothy 5:23, Hebrews 4:15.†

SYN.: μαλακία G3119, νόσος G3554 (v. DB, iii, 323a).


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

P Ryl II. 153.45 (A.D. 138–61) I have directed Eudaemon γράψαι ὑπὲρ ἐμο [ ] τῆς ὑπογραφῆς τὸ σῶμα διὰ τὴν περὶ ἐμὲ ἀσθένιαν . BGU I. 229.3 (ii/iii A.D.) illustrates the practice of consulting the local oracle in times of difficulty or sickness—ἠ μὲν σοθήσωμαι (= εἰ μὲν σωθήσομαι ) ταύτης , ἧς (? for τῆς , or an extreme case of attraction) ἐν ἐμοὶ ἀσθενίας , τοῦτόν μοι ἐξένικον ( = τοῦτό μοι ἐξένεγκον ). P Lond 971.4 (iii/iv A.D.) (= III. P. 128) ἀδ ̣ύνατος γάρ ἐστιν ἡ γυνὴ διὰ ἀσθένιαν τῆς φύσε [ως . P Flor I. 51.5 (A.D. 138–61) σ ]ωματικῆς ἀσθ [ενεί ]ας , in an incomplete context. The prepositional phrase of Galatians 4:13 may be further illustrated by P Oxy IV. 726.10 (A.D. 135) οὐ δυνάμενος δι᾽ ἀ [σ ]θένειαν πλεῦσαι . Add BGU IV. 1109.11 (B.C. 5) τῆς Καλλιτύχης ἐν ἀσθενείᾳ διατεθείσης , and OGIS 244.10 (iii/B.C.) τὴν περὶ τὸ σῶμα [γε ]γενημένην ἀσθένειαν διὰ τὰς συνεχεῖς κακο [π ]αθίας , where the editor notes that there is no tautology, as κακοπαθία is to be understood in its later sense of laborious and troublesome work.

 

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ασθενεια ασθενεία ασθένεια ἀσθενείᾳ ἀσθένεια ασθένειαι ασθενειαις ασθενείαις ἀσθενείαις ασθενειαν ασθένειαν ἀσθένειαν ασθενειας ασθενείας ἀσθενείας ασθενειων ασθενειών ἀσθενειῶν astheneia asthéneia astheneíāi astheneiais astheneíais astheneian asthéneian astheneias astheneías astheneion astheneiôn astheneiōn astheneiō̂n
Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, October 19th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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