the Fifth Week of Lent
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #770 - ἀσθενέω
- to be weak, feeble, to be without strength, powerless
- to be weak in means, needy, poor
- to be feeble, sick
ἀσθενέω, ἀσθενῶ; imperfect ἠσθενουν; perfect ἠσθένηκα (2 Corinthians 11:21 L T Tr WH); 1 aorist ἠσθένησα; (ἀσθενής); (from Euripides down); to be weak, feeble; universally, to be without strength, powerless: Romans 8:3; rhetorically, of one who purposely abstains from the use of his strength, 2 Corinthians 13:4; and of one wire has no occasion to prove his strength, 2 Corinthians 13:9; contextually, to be unable to wield and hold sway over others, 2 Corinthians 11:21; by oxymoron, ὅταν ἀσθενῶ, τότε δυνατός εἰμί when I am weak in human strength, then am I strong in strength divine, 2 Corinthians 12:10; εἰς τινα, to be weak toward one, 2 Corinthians 13:3; with a dative of the respect added: πίστει, to be weak in faith, Romans 4:19; πίστει, to be doubtful about things lawful and unlawful to a Christian, Romans 14:1; simple ἀσθένειν with the same idea suggested, Romans 14:2, 21 (T WH omit; Tr marginal reading brackets); 1 Corinthians 8:9 Rec., 11f; τίς ἀσθενεῖ, καί οὐκ ἀσθενῶ; who is weak (in his feelings and conviction about things lawful), and I am not filled with a compassionate sense of the same weakness? 2 Corinthians 11:29. contextually, to be weak in means, needy, poor: Acts 20:35 (so (Aristophanes pax 636); Euripides, in Stobaeus, 145 vol. 2:168, Gaisf. edition), cf. DeWette (more fully Hackett, per contra Meyer) at the passage Specially of debility in health: with νόσοις added, Luke 4:40; simply, to be feeble, sick: Luke 7:10 (R G Tr marginal reading brackets); Matthew 25:36, 39 L text T Tr WH; John 4:46; John 11:1-3, 6; Acts 9:37; Philippians 2:26; 2 Timothy 4:20; James 5:14; οἱ ἀσθενοῦντες, and ἀσθενοῦντες, the sick, sick folks: Matthew 10:8; Mark 6:56; Luke 9:2 Rec.; John 5:3, 7, 13 Tdf.;
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ἀσθενέω , -ῶ
( ἀσθενής ),
[in LXX chiefly for H3782;]
to be weak, feeble: Acts 20:35, Romans 8:3, 2 Corinthians 11:21; 2 Corinthians 12:10; 2 Corinthians 13:4; 2 Corinthians 13:9; c. dat., πίστει (Cremer, 527), Romans 4:19; Romans 14:1; same implied, Romans 14:2; Romans 14:21, 1 Corinthians 8:11-12, 2 Corinthians 11:29; εἰς , 2 Corinthians 13:3. Specif., of bodily debility, to be sick: Matthew 25:36; Matthew 25:39, Luke 4:40, John 4:46; John 5:3; John 5:7; John 5:13; John 11:1-3; John 11:6 Acts 9:37, Philippians 2:26-27, 2 Timothy 4:20, James 5:14; οἱ ἀσθενοῦντες , the sick: Matthew 10:8 (MM, s.v.), Mark 6:56, Luke 9:2, Acts 19:12.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
ἀσθενέω is too common to need many citations. There is a pathetically laconic Ἀσθενῶ between some household details and concluding salutations in an undated letter, BGU III. 827.24. P Oxy IV. 725.40 (A.D. 183) is typical : a boy apprenticed to a weaver is to have 20 holidays a year for festivals, without loss of wages, ἐὰν δὲ πλείονας τούτων ἀργήσῃ [ἢ ἀσ ]θενήσῃ ἢ ἀτακτήσῃ κτλ , ";from idleness or ill-health or disobedience"; (Edd.), they must be made up. With the use of the verb in Matthew 10:8 may be compared Syll 503.16 where a certain man is extolled because, in addition to other benefactions, παρέσχεν ἰατ ]ρὸν τὸν θεραπεύσοντ [α τοὺς ἀσθε ]νοῦντας ἐν τῆ [ι ] παν [ηγύρει ]. See also P Par 5i. 5 (B.C. 114) ἀσθενῶν τοῖς ὄμμασι (so also P Leid M i.6), ib. 63 iv. 122 (B.C. 165) κατὰ τῶν ἀσθενούντων καὶ μὴ δυναμένων ὑπουργεῖν , BGU III. 844.12 (A.D. 83) κόπους γάρ μο [ι ] παρέχει ἀσθενοῦντει . In P Lond 144 (? i/A.D.) (= II. p. 253) a servant complains that he had been without food (ἀσειτήσαντος ) for two days, as the boy who brought his provisions ";was sick,"; ἀσθενήσαντος : cf. P Lond 22.23 (B.C. 164–3) (= I. p. 7) where ἀσθενῶς διακειμένας is used to describe the ";sorry plight"; of the twins in the Serapeum owing to the withholding of their allowances of oil and bread. In Proleg. p. 11 the very vernacular letter BGU III. 948.6 (Christian, iv/v A.D.) is quoted for its closeness to Luke 13:16 : ἡ μήτηρ σου Κ . ἀσθενῖ , εἰδοῦ , δέκα τρῖς μῆνες . (See under ἰδού .) Ἠσθένηκα is answered by ἐὰν κομψῶς σχῶ in P Tebt II. 414.10 (ii/A.D.). The compound ἐξασθενέω is found in BGU III. 903.15 (ii/A.D.) as now amended, τοὺς πλείστους ἐξασθενήσαντας ἀνακεχωρηκέναι κτλ . : cf. also P Tebt I. 50.33 (B.C. 112–1), where for ἐξησθενηκώς the editors hesitate between the meanings ";was impoverished"; or ";fell ill."; Add PSI 101.14 (ii/A.D.) οὕσπερ ἐξασθενήσαντας ἀνακεχωρηκέναι : the last three substantial men of the village had emigrated because they could not stand the taxation.
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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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