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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Court

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1: ἀγοραῖος
(Strong's #60 — Adjective — agoraios — ag-or-ah'-yos )

is an adjective, "signifying pertaining to the agora, any place of public meeting, and especially where trials were held," Acts 19:38 ; the RV translates the sentence "the courts are open;" a more literal rendering is "court days are kept." In Acts 17:5 it is translated in the RV, "rabble;" AV, "baser sort," lit., "frequenters of the markets." See BASER.

2: αὐλή
(Strong's #833 — Noun Feminine — aule — ow-lay' )

primarily, "an uncovered space around a house, enclosed by a wall, where the stables were," hence was used to describe (a) "the courtyard of a house;" in the OT it is used of the "courts" of the tabernacle and Temple; in this sense it is found in the NT in Revelation 11:2 ; (b) "the courts in the dwellings of well-to-do folk," which usually had two, one exterior, between the door and the street (called the proaulion, or "porch," Mark 14:68 ), the other, interior, surrounded by the buildings of the dwellings, as in Matthew 26:69 (in contrast to the room where the judges were sitting); Mark 14:66 ; Luke 22:55 ; AV, "hall;" RV "court" gives the proper significance, Matthew 26:3,58 ; Mark 14:54 ; 15:16 (RV, "Praetorium"); Luke 11:21 ; John 18:15 . It is here to be distinguished from the Praetorium, translated "palace." See HALL , PALACE. For the other meaning "sheepfold," John 10:1,16 , see FOLD.

3: βασίλειον
(Strong's #933 — Noun Neuter — basileion — bas-il'-i-on )

an adjective meaning "royal," signifies, in the neuter plural, "a royal palace," translated "kings' courts" in Luke 7:25 ; in the singular, 1 Peter 2:9 , "royal." See ROYAL.


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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Court'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/ved/c/court.html. 1940.

Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, June 2nd, 2020
the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
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