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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Estate, State

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1: εὐσχήμων
(Strong's #2158 — Adjective — euschemon — yoo-skhay'-mone )

signifying "elegant, graceful, comely" (eu, "well," schema, "figure, fashion"), is used (a) in a moral sense, seemly, becoming, 1 Corinthians 7:35 ; (b) in a physical sense, comely, 1 Corinthians 12:24 ; (c) with reference to social degree, influential, a meaning developed in later Greek, and rendered of "honorable estate" in the RV of Mark 15:43 ; Acts 13:50 ; 17:12 (for AV, "honorable"). See COMELY , HONORABLE.

2: ταπείνωσις
(Strong's #5014 — Noun Feminine — tapeinosis — tap-i'-no-sis )

denotes "abasement, humiliation, low estate" (from tapeinos, "lowly"), Luke 1:48 , "low estate;" Acts 8:33 , "humiliation;" Philippians 3:21 , RV, "of humiliation," for AV, "vile;" James 1:10 , "is made low," lit., "in his low estate." See HUMILIATION , LOW , VILE.

3: ὕψος
(Strong's #5311 — Noun Neuter — hupsos — hoop'-sos )

signifying "height," is rendered "(in his) high estate," James 1:9 , RV, for AV, "in that he is exalted;" "on high," Luke 1:78 ; 24:49 ; Ephesians 4:8 ; "height," Ephesians 3:18 ; Revelation 21:16 . See EXALT , HEIGHT , HIGH.

Notes: (1) In Acts 22:5 , presbuterion, "presbytery, a body of elders," is translated "estate of the elders," lit., "the presbytery," i.e., the Sanhedrin. (2) In Colossians 4:7 the plural of the definite article with the preposition kata, and the singular personal pronoun with panta, "all," is rendered "all my state," AV, RV, "all my affairs;" in Colossians 4:8 the preposition peri, with the personal pronoun, lit., "the things concerning us," is translated "our estate," i.e., "how we fare;" so in Philippians 2:19,20 , "your state," i.e., "your condition." (3) In Mark 6:21 protos, lit., "first," is rendered "chief estates," AV, RV, "the chief men," i.e., the men to whom belongs the dignity. (4) In Romans 12:16 tapeinos, in the plural with the article, lit., "the lowly," is translated "men of low estate," AV, RV, "things that are lowly." (5) In Jude 1:6 arche, "principality," RV, AV has "first estate," (6) For "last state" see LAST.


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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Estate, State'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/ved/e/estate-state.html. 1940.

Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, November 21st, 2019
the Week of Proper 28 / Ordinary 33
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