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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Neighbor

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1: γείτων
(Strong's #1069 — Noun — geiton — ghi'-tone )

lit., "one living in the same land," denotes "a neighbor," always plural in the NT, Luke 14:12 ; 15:6,9 ; John 9:8 .

2: περίοικος
(Strong's #4040 — Adjective — perioikos — per-ee'-oy-kos )

an adjective, lit., "dwelling around"), is used as a noun in Luke 1:58 , "neighbors."

3: πλησίον
(Strong's #4139 — Adverb — plesion — play-see'-on )

the neuter of the adjective plesios (from pelas, "near"), is used as an adverb accompanied by the article, lit., "the (one) near;" hence, one's "neighbor;" see refs. below.

This and Nos. 1 and 2 have a wider range of meaning than that of the Eng. word "neighbor." There were no farmhouses scattered over the agricultural areas of Palestine; the populations, gathered in villages, went to and fro to their toil. Hence domestic life was touched at every point by a wide circle of neighborhood. The terms for neighbor were therefore of a very comprehensive scope. This may be seen from the chief characteristics of the privileges and duties of neighborhood as set forth in Scripture, (a) its helpfulness, e.g, Proverbs 27:10 ; Luke 10:36 ; (b) its intimacy, e.g., Luke 15:6,9 (see No. 1); Hebrews 8:11 ; (c) its sincerity and sancitity, e.g., Exodus 22:7,10 ; Proverbs 3:29 ; 14:21 ; Romans 13:10 ; 15:2 ; Ephesians 4:25 ; James 4:12 . The NT quotes and expands the command in Leviticus 19:18 , "to love one's neighbor as oneself;" see, e.g., Matthew 5:43 ; 19:19 ; 22:39 ; Mark 12:31,33 ; Luke 10:27 ; Galatians 5:14 ; James 2:8 . See also Acts 7:27 .

Note: In Romans 13:8 , for hetron, "another," RV has "his neighbor."


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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Neighbor'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/ved/n/neighbor.html. 1940.

Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, November 17th, 2019
the Week of Proper 28 / Ordinary 33
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