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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #4139 - πλησίον
- a neighbour
- a friend
- any other person, and where two are concerned, the other (thy fellow man, thy neighbour), according to the Jews, any member of the Hebrew nation and commonwealth
- according to Christ, any other man irrespective of nation or religion with whom we live or whom we chance to meet
Neuter of a derivative of πελας pelas (near)
Adv. near, hard by, c. gen., which commonly stands before π., Τηλεμάχου π. ἵστατο Od. 15.257; Νείλου π . A. Supp. 308, cf. Ag. 1038, 1671; καὶ τάδ' ἀγχόνης π . E. Heracl. 246, cf. HF 1109; also before its case, π. τῆς Κασταλίης Hdt. 8.39, cf. 138; αὕτη π. σοῦ S. El. 1474; separated from its case, Id. Ant. 580 .
2. c. dat., π. ἐμβόλῳ, σκάπτῳ π ., Pi. O. 7.18, N. 11.4; σοὶ π . A. Supp. 208, cf. Fr. 102 .
3. abs., χριμφθεὶς πέλας Od. 10.516; π. στείχειν, παρεῖναι, παραστατεῖν, E. Or. 877, S. Aj. 83, A. Th. 669 .
II οἱ π . (sc. ὄντες ) one's neighbours, Democr. 293, Antipho Soph. 58, Hdt. 1.97, Critias 15.6 D., Th. 1.69, 4.78, 92, Arist. EN 1169a14, etc.; one's fellow creatures, E. Heracl. 2, Hipp. 441; τὰ τῶν πέλας κακά, opp. τὰ οἰκήϊα, Hdt. 7.152: sg., ὁ π . one's neighbour, Id. 3.142, Th. 1.32; πᾶς τις αὑτὸν τοῦ π. μᾶλλον φιλεῖ E. Med. 86; cf. πλησίον .
III Sup. πελαστάτω nearest, Hp. Loc. Hom. 12, 45, Mul. 1.66: a Sup. Adj. πελάστατος, η, ον, IG 14.352 ii65 ( Halaesa ).
πλησίος , -α , -ον
(< πέλας , near),
near, close by, neighbouring. As adv., πλησίον = πέλας , near: c. gen., John 4:5; c. art., ὁ Papyri, one's neighbour
[in LXX chiefly for H7453]:
Luke 10:29; Luke 10:36, Acts 7:27, Romans 13:10; Romans 15:2, Ephesians 4:25, James 4:12; ἀγαπήσεις τὸν Papyri σου ὡς σεαυτόν (Leviticus 19:18, LXX), Matthew 5:43; Matthew 19:19; Matthew 22:39, Mark 12:31; Mark 12:33, Luke 10:27, Romans 13:9, Galatians 5:14, James 2:8 (on the various senses of ὁ Papyri in OT, NT, v. DB, iii, 511; DCC, ii, 240 f.).†
πλησίον , see πλησίος .
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
";meek,"; ";gentle."; In all its NT occurrences πραΰς takes the place of the older form πρᾶος (cf. Blass-Debrunner § 26), but for the latter we may cite a sepulchral inscr. from Pergamon, Cagnat IV. 504.9, where a certain Aelius Isidotus is described as ὁ πρᾷος ἰδίαι, ";meek in private life."; Cf. also Menander Fragm. 749, p. 211 [in Kock]—
ὡς ἡδὺ πρᾷος καὶ νεάζων τῷ τρόπῳ | πατήρ,
";how delightful is a father who is mild and young in heart";
The adv. πραέως occurs in P Par 63viii. 6 (B.C.164) εὐδιαλύ [τ ]ως καὶ πραέως διατίθεσθαι.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Fourth Week after Epiphany