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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Neighbor

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1: γείτων

(Strong's #1069 — Noun — geiton — ghi'-tone )

lit., "one living in the same land," denotes "a neighbor," always plural in the NT, Luke 14:12; 15:6,9; John 9:8 .

2: περίοικος

(Strong's #4040 — Adjective — perioikos — per-ee'-oy-kos )

an adjective, lit., "dwelling around"), is used as a noun in Luke 1:58 , "neighbors."

3: πλησίον

(Strong's #4139 — Adverb — plesion — play-see'-on )

the neuter of the adjective plesios (from pelas, "near"), is used as an adverb accompanied by the article, lit., "the (one) near;" hence, one's "neighbor;" see refs. below.

This and Nos. 1 and 2 have a wider range of meaning than that of the Eng. word "neighbor." There were no farmhouses scattered over the agricultural areas of Palestine; the populations, gathered in villages, went to and fro to their toil. Hence domestic life was touched at every point by a wide circle of neighborhood. The terms for neighbor were therefore of a very comprehensive scope. This may be seen from the chief characteristics of the privileges and duties of neighborhood as set forth in Scripture, (a) its helpfulness, e.g, Proverbs 27:10; Luke 10:36; (b) its intimacy, e.g., Luke 15:6,9 (see No. 1); Hebrews 8:11; (c) its sincerity and sancitity, e.g., Exodus 22:7,10; Proverbs 3:29; 14:21; Romans 13:10; 15:2; Ephesians 4:25; James 4:12 . The NT quotes and expands the command in Leviticus 19:18 , "to love one's neighbor as oneself;" see, e.g., Matthew 5:43; 19:19; 22:39; Mark 12:31,33; Luke 10:27; Galatians 5:14; James 2:8 . See also Acts 7:27 .

Note: In Romans 13:8 , for hetron, "another," RV has "his neighbor."

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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Neighbor'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ved/n/neighbor.html. 1940.

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