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Bible Encyclopedias

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature


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(Heb. [without the art.] Tâ cchemoni, תִּחְכְּמֹנַי ; Sept. Χαναναῖος v.r. υἱὸς θεκεμανί ; Vulg. sapientissimus). "The Tachmonite that sat in the seat," chief among David's captains (2 Samuel 23:8), is in 1 Chronicles 11:11 called "Jashobeam a Hachmonite," or, as the margin gives it, "son of Hachmoni." The Geneva version has in 2 Samuel 23:8, "He that sate in the seate of wisedome, being chiefe of the princes, was Adino of Ezni," regarding "Tachmonite" as an adjective derived from

חָכָם, chakâ m, "wise," and in this derivation following Kimchi. Kennicott has shown, with much appearance of probability, that' tie words ישֵׁב בִּשֶׁבֶת, yosheb bashshibeth, "he that sat in the seat," are a corruption of Jashobeam, the true name of the hero, and that the mistake arose from an error of the transcriber, who carelessly inserted בִּשֶּׁבֶת from the previous verse where it occurs. He further considers "Tâ cchemoni" a corruption of the appellation in Chronicles, "son of Hachmoni," which was the family or local name of Jashobeam. "The name here in Samuel was at first החכמני, the article ה at the beginning having been corrupted into a ת ; for the word בן in Chronicles is regularly supplied in Samuel by that article" (Dissert. p. 82). Therefore he concludes "Jashobeam the Hachmonite" to have been the true reading. Josephus (Ant. 7:12, 4) calls him Ι᾿έσσαμος υἱὸς Ἀχεμαίου, which favors Kennicott's emendsation. In these corrections Keil (Comment. ad loc.) concurs. (See HACHMONI); (See JASHOBEAM).

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Bibliography Information
McClintock, John. Strong, James. Entry for 'Tachmonite'. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. Harper & Brothers. New York. 1870.

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