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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #06087 - עָצַב

Transliteration
‛âtsab
Phonetics
aw-tsab'
Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
1666,1667
Definition
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) to hurt, pain, grieve, displease, vex, wrest

1a) (Qal) to hurt, pain

1b) (Niphal) to be in pain, be pained, be grieved

1c) (Piel) to vex, torture

1d) (Hiphil) to cause pain

1e) (Hithpael) to feel grieved, be vexed

2) to shape, fashion, make, form, stretch into shape, (TWOT) worship

2a) (Piel) to shape, form

2b) (Hiphil) to form, copy, fashion

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 5013 ‑ ταπεινόω (tap‑i‑no'‑o);  2660 ‑ κατανύσσω (kat‑an‑oos'‑so);  3949 ‑ παροργίζω (par‑org‑id'‑zo);  1278 ‑ διαπονέομαι (dee‑ap‑on‑eh'‑o);  2352 ‑ θραύω (throw'‑o);  2667 ‑ καταπίπτω (kat‑ap‑ip'‑to);  3076 ‑ λυπέω (loo‑peh'‑o);  948 ‑ βδελύσσομαι (bdel‑oos'‑so);  3947 ‑ παροξύνω (par‑ox‑oo'‑no);  4111 ‑ πλάσσω (plas'‑so);  4160 ‑ ποιέω (poy‑eh'‑o);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
KJV (17)
Genesis
3
1 Samuel
2
2 Samuel
1
1 Kings
1
1 Chronicles
1
Nehemiah
2
Job
1
Psalms
2
Ecclesiastes
1
Isaiah
2
Jeremiah
1
HCS ( 0 )
HCS (17)
Genesis
3
1 Samuel
2
2 Samuel
1
1 Kings
1
1 Chronicles
1
Nehemiah
2
Job
1
Psalms
2
Ecclesiastes
1
Isaiah
2
Jeremiah
1
BSB (18)
Genesis
4
1 Samuel
2
2 Samuel
1
1 Kings
1
1 Chronicles
1
Nehemiah
2
Job
1
Psalms
2
Ecclesiastes
1
Isaiah
2
Jeremiah
1
ESV (17)
Genesis
3
1 Samuel
2
2 Samuel
1
1 Kings
1
1 Chronicles
1
Nehemiah
2
Job
1
Psalms
2
Ecclesiastes
1
Isaiah
2
Jeremiah
1
WEB (17)
Genesis
3
1 Samuel
2
2 Samuel
1
1 Kings
1
1 Chronicles
1
Nehemiah
2
Job
1
Psalms
2
Ecclesiastes
1
Isaiah
2
Jeremiah
1
Verse Results
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2566) byo (אהתסב AhTsB) AC: Pain CO: ? AB: ?

V) byo (אהתסב AhTsB) - Pain: To be in pain from grief or heavy toil. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (18): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hitpael, Piel, Participle) grieve, displease, hurt, made, sorry, vex, worship, wrest, lament - Strongs: H6087 (עָצַב), H6088 (עֲצִיב)

Nm) byo (אהתסב AhTsB) - I. Pain:Of grief or heavy toil. II. Idol:[Unknown connection to root;] KJV (25): sorrow, labour, grievous - Strongs: H6089 (עֶצֶב), H6091 (עָצָב), H6092 (עַצָּב)

Nf2) tbyo (אהתסבת AhTsBT) - Suffering: From sorrow or wound. KJV (5): sorrow, wound - Strongs: H6094 (עַצֶּבֶת)

af1) ebyom (מאהתסבה MAhTsBH) - Sorrow: KJV (1): sorrow - Strongs: H4620 (מַעֲצֵבָה)

gm) byfo (אהותסב AhWTsB) - Sorrow: KJV (4): sorrow, wicked, idol - Strongs: H6090 (עֹצֶב)

jm) nfbyo (אהתסבונ AhTsBWN) - Pain: KJV (3): toil, sorrow - Strongs: H6093 (עִצָּבוֹן)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2021
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

עָצַב

(1)  to labour, to form, to fashion, see Piel No. 1. (The original idea is perhaps that of cutting, whether wood or stones, compare חָצַב, חָטַב. There are in the cognate languages secondary significations, as Arabic غضب to be angry.) Hence עָצָב and עֹצֶב a carved image, עֶצֶב an earthen vessel.

(2) to toil with pain, to suffer, to be grieved (see עֶצֶב, עֹצֶב, עַצֶּבֶת, עִצָּבוֹן ); used also of the mind, and in Kal trans. to put in pain, to afflict, 1 Kings 1:6; 1 Chronicles 4:10; Isaiah 54:6.

Niphal, to be pained

(a) in body, followed by בְּ (with any thing), Ecclesiastes 10:9.

(b) in mind, to be afflicted, grieved, Genesis 45:5; 1 Samuel 20:3 followed by אֶל (1 Samuel 20:34), and עַל (2 Samuel 19:3).

Piel

(1) to form (comp. Kal No. 1), Job 10:8.

(2) to put to grief, to afflict (comp. Kal No. 2), Isaiah 63:10; Psalms 56:6.

Hiphil

(1) i.q. Kal No. 1, to labour; hence probably to serve (an idol), to worship (like the synonym, עָבַד), Jeremiah 44:19, לְהַעֲצִיבָהּ “to worship her” (the queen of heaven). Vulg. ad colendum eam. Others, to make her, i.e. her image (comp. Kal No.1).

(2) i.q. Piel No. 2, to grieve, i.e. to provoke (God) to anger, Psalms 78:40.

Hithpael

(1) to grieve (oneself), Genesis 6:6.

(2) to become angry, Genesis 34:7. See Hiph. No. 2.

Derived nouns, עַצֶּבֶתעָצָב, and מַעֲצֵבָה.

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List of Word Forms
וְעִצְּב֖וּ וַיִּֽתְעַצְּבוּ֙ וַיִּתְעַצֵּ֖ב וַעֲצ֥וּבַת ויתעצב ויתעצבו ועצבו ועצובת יְעַצֵּ֑בוּ יֵֽעָצֵ֑ב יֵעָצֵ֖ב יַ֝עֲצִיב֗וּהוּ יעצב יעצבו יעציבוהו לְהַ֣עֲצִבָ֔ה להעצבה נֶעְצַב֙ נֶעֱצַ֥ב נעצב עֲצָב֨וֹ עִ֭צְּבוּנִי עָצְבִּ֑י עצבו עצבוני עצבי תֵּ֣עָצֵ֔בוּ תֵּעָ֣צְב֗וּ תֵּעָצֵֽבוּ׃ תעצבו תעצבו׃ ‘ă·ṣā·ḇōw ‘ā·ṣə·bî ‘ăṣāḇōw ‘āṣəbî ‘iṣ·ṣə·ḇū·nî ‘iṣṣəḇūnî atzaVo atzeBi Itztzevuni lə·ha·‘ă·ṣi·ḇāh ləha‘ăṣiḇāh leHaatziVah ne‘·ṣaḇ ne‘ĕṣaḇ ne‘ṣaḇ ne·‘ĕ·ṣaḇ neeTzav neTzav tê‘āṣêḇū tê‘āṣəḇū tê·‘ā·ṣê·ḇū tê·‘ā·ṣə·ḇū teAtzeVu vaaTzuvat vaiyitatzTzev vaiyitatztzeVu veitztzeVu wa‘ăṣūḇaṯ wa·‘ă·ṣū·ḇaṯ way·yiṯ·‘aṣ·ṣə·ḇū way·yiṯ·‘aṣ·ṣêḇ wayyiṯ‘aṣṣêḇ wayyiṯ‘aṣṣəḇū wə‘iṣṣəḇū wə·‘iṣ·ṣə·ḇū ya‘ăṣîḇūhū ya·‘ă·ṣî·ḇū·hū yaatziVuhu yê‘āṣêḇ yə‘aṣṣêḇū yê·‘ā·ṣêḇ yə·‘aṣ·ṣê·ḇū yeaTzev yeatzTzevu
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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