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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #3949 - παροργίζω

from (G3844) and (G3710)
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  1. to rouse to wrath, to provoke, exasperate, anger
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1442 ‑ גָּדַף (gaw‑daf');  3707 ‑ כָּעַס (kaw‑as');  5006 ‑ נָאַץ (naw‑ats');  6087 ‑ עָצַב (aw‑tsab');  7065 ‑ קָנָא (kaw‑naw');  7107 ‑ קָצַף (kaw‑tsaf');  7114 ‑ קָצַר (kaw‑tsar');  7264 ‑ רָגַז (raw‑gaz');  7311 ‑ רָמַם (room);  8564 ‑ תַּמְרוּרִים (tam‑roor');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
ASV (3)
Romans 1
Ephesians 2
BSB (2)
Romans 1
Ephesians 1
CSB (2)
Romans 1
Ephesians 1
ESV (2)
Romans 1
Ephesians 1
KJV (3)
Romans 1
Ephesians 2
LEB (0)
The Lexham English Bible
did not use
this Strong's Number
LSB (4)
Romans 1
Ephesians 3
N95 (3)
Romans 1
Ephesians 2
NAS (4)
Romans 1
Ephesians 2
NLT (2)
Romans 2
Ephesians 3
WEB (3)
Romans 1
Ephesians 2
YLT (2)
Romans 1
Ephesians 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


fut. -ιῶ LXX Deuteronomy 32:21 :

provoke to anger, Arist. Ath. 34.1, LXX 1 Kings 16:13; 1 Kings 16:33, Ph. 1.682, Ephesians 6:4.

II Pass., to be or be made angry, Thphr. HP 9.16.6, prob. in Str. 7.2.1; τι πρός τινας v. l. in D. 26.17.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

παροργίζω; Attic future (cf. Buttmann, 37 (32); WH's Appendix, 163) παροργιῶ; to rouse to wrath, to provoke, exasperate, anger (cf. παρά, IV. 3): Romans 10:19; Ephesians 6:4; and Lachmann in Colossians 3:21. (Demosthenes, p. 805, 19; Philo de somn. ii. § 26; the Sept. chiefly for הִכְעִיס.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

παρ -οργίζω ,

[in LXX chiefly for H3707 hi.;]

(in cl., passive only), to provoke to anger: Romans 10:19 (LXX), Ephesians 6:4.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The late metaph. use of περισπάω = ";distract,"; ";worry,"; in Luke 10:40 is well attested in the Κοινή –P Lond 24.21 (B.C. 163) (= I. p. 32 f., UPZ i. p. 117 f.) δι᾽ ἣν αἰτίαν περισπώμενος ὑπὸ τῆς Ταθήμιος, ib. .24 ἀξιῶ οὖν σε μὴ ὑπεριδεῖν με περισπώμενον, and , ib..29 ὅπως καὶ αὐτὸς τῆι Ταθήμει ἀποδοὺς μὴ περισπῶμαι, ";that I may be able to pay Tathemis and be no more worried,"; P Grenf I. 15.6 (B.C. 146 or 135) ὅπ ]ως μὴ περισπώμεθα ἐπὶ τὰ [. . . . . . .] τα κριτήρια, P Tebt I. 43.38 (B.C. 118) ὅπως μηθενὶ ἐπιτρέπηι τ [.]ν ̣π ̣[ . . ]ον περὶ τῶν αὐτῶν παρενοχλεῖν ἡμᾶς μηδὲ περισπᾶν κατὰ μηδεμίαν παρεύρεσιν, ";in order that no one may be allowed to molest us on the same charges or to annoy us on any pretext whatever"; (Edd.), and ib. .45 ἐὰν ἦι οἷα προφ <έρ >εται προνοηθῆναι ὡς οὐ περισπασθήσονται, ";if the allegations are correct see that he is not molested,"; where we find παρενοχληθήσεται written above περισπασθήσονται, as if the verb in the sense of ";distract"; was not sufficiently clear; cf. also P Oxy IV. 743 .36 (B.C. 2) ἐν τῷ δέ με περισπᾶσθαι (for constr. see proleg p. 14) οὐκ ἠδυνάσθην συντυχεῖν Ἀπολλω (νίῳ), ";owing to my worries I was unable to meet Apollonius"; (Edd.)

For the more literal sense ";draw off,"; ";draw away,"; cf. P Lond 43.31 (B.C. 168) (= I. p. 31, UPZ i. p. 301. Selections p. 11) εἴπερ μὴ ἀναγκαιότερόν σ [ε ] περισπᾶι, and P Tor I.iv. 36 (B.C. 116) προηνέγκατο τὸν Ἑρμίαν κατὰ κενὸν περιεσπακέναι, where in his note (p. 139) the editor describes περισπᾷν as ";circumagere aliquem, eumque in diversa trahere decipiendi causa."; In P Par 63.91 (B.C. 164) (= P Petr III. p. 26) the verb is used of ";distraining"; furniture—τὰς ἀποσκευὰς. . . περισπᾶν. For the subst., as in Tobit 10:6 א, cf. P Tebt II. 393.16 (A.D. 150) περισπασμῶν χάρειν, ";on account of his anxieties,"; and M. Anton. xii. 2 (quoted s.v. περιαιρέω). See also s.v. ἀπερισπάστως, and the citations from late Greek in Herwerden Lex. s.v. περισπάω.

[Supplemental from 1930 edition]

To the exx. of the subst. add BGU VII. 1571.21 (A.D. 74–75) ἀντὶ περισπασμοῦ.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
παροργιζετε παροργίζετε παροργίζητέ παροργίζοντες παροργίζοντές παροργίζουσι παροργίζων παροργίσαι παροργίσαί παροργίσματα παροργισμάτων παροργίσωσι παροργίσωσί παροργιω παροργιώ παροργιῶ παρώργισαν παρώργισάν παρώργισας παρωργίσατε παρώργισε παρώργισεν parorgio parorgiô parorgiō parorgiō̂ parorgizete parorgízete
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