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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #3947 - παροξύνω

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G3844) and a derivative of (G3691)
Parts of Speech
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  1. to make sharp, sharpen
    1. to stimulate, spur on, urge
    2. to irritate, provoke, arouse to anger
      1. to scorn, despise
      2. provoke, make angry
      3. to exasperate, to burn with anger
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2300 ‑ חָדַד (khaw‑dad');  2734 ‑ חָרָה (khaw‑raw');  2778 ‑ חָרַף (khaw‑raf');  3286 ‑ יָעֵף (yaw‑af');  3707 ‑ כָּעַס (kaw‑as');  4784 ‑ מָרָה (maw‑raw');  5006 ‑ נָאַץ (naw‑ats');  5086 ‑ נָדַף (naw‑daf');  5674 ‑ עָבַר (aw‑bar');  6030 ‑ עָנָה (aw‑naw');  6058 ‑ עָנֵף (aw‑nafe');  6087 ‑ עָצַב (aw‑tsab');  7065 ‑ קָנָא (kaw‑naw');  7107 ‑ קָצַף (kaw‑tsaf');  7264 ‑ רָגַז (raw‑gaz');  8150 ‑ שָׁנַן (shaw‑nan');  8427 ‑ תָּוָה (taw‑vaw');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (3)
Acts 1
1 Corinthians 2
NAS (2)
Acts 1
1 Corinthians 1
HCS (2)
Acts 1
1 Corinthians 1
BSB (2)
Acts 1
1 Corinthians 1
ESV (2)
Acts 1
1 Corinthians 1
WEB (3)
Acts 1
1 Corinthians 2
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


pf. inf. παρωξυκέναι Plb. 31.1.3, but παρωξυγκέναι J. AJ 11.6.7: Pass., pf. παρώξυμμαι Lys. 4.8, Men. Sam. 276:

urge, spur on, stimulate, τινα X. Cyr. 6.2.5, etc.; [ τινὰ] πρὸς τὰ καλά Id. Mem. 3.3.13; ὲπὶ τὸν πόλεμον Isoc. 5.3, cf. Epicur. Nat. 54G.; τὰ ζεύγη πρὸς τὸ ἔργον Arist. HA 577b31; τινα c. inf., Isoc. 12.37; κινδυνεύειν X. Mem. 3.5.3; opp. ἀποτρέπω, D. 21.37.

2. provoke, irritate, πατρὸς μὴ π. φρένας E. Alc. 674; ξὺν κατηγορίᾳ π. Th. 1.84: Pass., to be provoked, τινι at a thing, Id. 5.99; διά τινα Id. 6.56; ἐπί τινι OGI 48.15 (Egypt, iii B. C.), Plb. 4.7.5; πρός τι X. HG 6.4.6, D. 57.2; πρὸς ἀλλήλους Arist. Pol. 1302a39; ὑπό τινος Lys.l.c.; κατὰ τῶν πολιτῶν Plu. Them. 31: c. dat., Lycurg. 87 (s.v.l.), D.S. 10.11: c. inf., τίς οὐκ ἂν παροξυνθείη πολεμεῖν; Isoc. 5.101: Pass., of sicknesses, growvirulent, π. οἱ πυρετοί Hp. VM 6.

3. make an application stronger, Gal. 12.710.

II = παροξυτονέω, Ath. 11.485a: Pass., A.D. Adv. 189.28, al., Gal. 18(2).167, Ath. 7.323c.

III intr., hasten. Peripl.M.Rubr. 20.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

παροξύνω: properly, to make sharp, to sharpen (παρά, IV. 3): τήν μάχαιραν, Deuteronomy 32:41. Metaphorically, (so always in secular authors from Euripides, Thucydides, Xenophon down), a. to stimulate, spur on, urge (πρός τί, ἐπί τί).

b. to irritate, provoke, rouse to anger; passive, present παροξύνομαι; imperfect παρωξυνομην: Acts 17:16; 1 Corinthians 13:5. The Sept. chiefly for נָאַץ, to scorn, despise; besides for הִכְעִיס, to provoke, make angry, Deuteronomy 9:18; Psalm 105:29 (); Isaiah 65:3; for הִקְצִיף, to exasperate, Deuteronomy 9:7, 22, etc.; passive for חָרָה, to burn with anger, Hosea 8:5; Zechariah 10:3, and for other verbs.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

παρ -οξύνω ,

[in LXX for H5006, H7107, H7264, etc.;]

1. primarily, but never so in cl., to sharpen (μάχαιραν , Deuteronomy 32:41, H8150).

2. Metaph., as always in cl.,

(a) to spur on, stimulate (Arist., Xen., al.);

(b) to provoke, rouse to anger (Deuteronomy 9:7; Deuteronomy 9:18, Psalms 106:29, al.) : pass., Acts 17:16, 1 Corinthians 13:5.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

See P Rein 52.2 (iii/iv A.D.) ὑμῖν ἐγράφη τ ̣ὴν π ̣εριποίησιν τοῦ σείτου καὶ τὴν ἀναπομπὴν δηλῶσαι, where the editor notes that περιποίησις means ";soit acquisition ou production, soit conservation"; : here he doubtfully selects ";production,"; but in view of the following ἀναπομπήν, ";préservation"; would be better (cf. P Flor II. p. 89). In P Tebt II. 317.26 (A.D. 174–5) τὸ τῆς περιποιήσεως δίκαιον is rendered ";claim of ownership,"; which may be set by Ephesians 1:14, where the ";ownership"; is bought back after alienation.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
παροξύναι παροξύναντες παροξύναντές παρόξυνε παροξυνεί παροξύνει παροξυνεται παροξύνεται παροξυνθείς παροξυνθής παροξύνουσα παροξυνούσί παροξυνώ παροξύνων παρωξύναμεν παρώξυναν παρώξυνάν παρώξυνας παρωξύνατε παρωξύνατέ παρώξυνε παρώξυνεν παρωξυνετο παρωξύνετο παρωξύνθη παρωξύνθην paroxunetai paroxuneto parōxuneto paroxynetai paroxýnetai paroxyneto paroxýneto parōxyneto parōxýneto
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