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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #5013 - ταπεινόω

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G5011)
Parts of Speech
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  1. to make low, bring low
    1. to level, reduce to a plain
    2. metaph. to bring into a humble condition, reduce to meaner circumstances
      1. to assign a lower rank or place to
      2. to abase
      3. to be ranked below others who are honoured or rewarded
      4. to humble or abase myself by humble living
    3. to lower, depress
      1. of one's soul bring down one's pride
      2. to have a modest opinion of one's self
      3. to behave in an unassuming manner
      4. devoid of all haughtiness
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1086 ‑ בָּלָה (baw‑law');  1790 ‑ דַּךְ (dak);  1792 ‑ דָּכָא (daw‑kaw');  1792 ‑ דָּכָא (daw‑kaw');  1809 ‑ דָּלַל (daw‑lal');  2151 ‑ זָלַל (zaw‑lal');  3013 ‑ יָגָה (yaw‑gaw');  3512 ‑ כָּאָה (kaw‑aw');  3665 ‑ כָּנַע (kaw‑nah');  3766 ‑ כָּרַע (kaw‑rah');  4134 ‑ מוּךְ (mook);  5307 ‑ נָפַל (naw‑fal');  6030 ‑ עָנָה (aw‑naw');  6030 ‑ עָנָה (aw‑naw');  6087 ‑ עָצַב (aw‑tsab');  7326 ‑ רוּשׁ (roosh);  7743 ‑ שׁוּחַ (shoo'‑akh);  7817 ‑ שָׁחַח (shaw‑khakh');  7843 ‑ שָׁחַת (shaw‑khath');  8213 ‑ שָׁפֵל (shaw‑fale');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (14)
Matthew 3
Luke 5
2 Corinthians 2
Philippians 2
James 1
1 Peter 1
NAS (18)
Matthew 3
Luke 6
2 Corinthians 2
Philippians 5
James 1
1 Peter 1
CSB (14)
Matthew 3
Luke 5
2 Corinthians 2
Philippians 2
James 1
1 Peter 1
BSB (14)
Matthew 3
Luke 5
2 Corinthians 2
Philippians 2
James 1
1 Peter 1
ESV (14)
Matthew 3
Luke 5
2 Corinthians 2
Philippians 2
James 1
1 Peter 1
WEB (14)
Matthew 3
Luke 5
2 Corinthians 2
Philippians 2
James 1
1 Peter 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


lower, in point of height, reduce, σπλῆνα (swollen spleen) Dsc. 2.155: Pass., πᾶν ὄρος ταπεινωθήσεται LXX Isaiah 40:4; πρόσωπον ἐκ μετεώρου ταπεινούμενον Hp. Coac. 208; of a plant, decrease in size, Thphr. HP 7.13.9; of rivers, D.S. 1.36; Astrol., of a planet, suffer dejection, Vett.Val. 119.15.

II metaph., lessen, τὸν φθόνον Plu. Per. 32; τὸ ἐν μέλιτι χολῶδες Gal. 15.683 (to expl. κολάζεται in Hp. Acut. 59); disparage, minimize, Plb. 6.15.7, cf. 3.85.7: Pass., to be lowered or lessened, Pl. Ti. 72d.

2. humble, abase, X. An. 6.3.18; τ. καὶ συστέλλων Pl. Ly. 210e; ταπεινώσαντες.. τοὺς νῦν ἐπηρμένους Aeschin. 3.235: Pass., ταπεινωθεὶς ἕπεται Pl. Phdr. 254e; ὑπὸ πενίας Id. R. 553c, Phld. Rh. 1.225 S.; τεταπείνωται ἡ τῶν Ἀθηναίων δόξα X. Mem. 3.5.4; ἐταπεινοῦντο ταῖς ἐλπίσι D.S. 13.11; τεταπεινωμένων τῶν ἄλλων διὰ τὴν τῶν πραγμάτων κατάστασιν Anon. Oxy. 664.22. violate a woman, LXX Genesis 34:2, 2 Kings 13:12; 2 Kings 13:14, Ezekiel 22:10-11.

3. in moral sense, make lowly, humble, ἑαυτόν Phld. Vit. p.38 J., Matthew 23:12, al.: Pass., humble oneself, τὴν θεὸν ἐξιλάσαντο τῷ ταπεινοῦσθαι σφόδρα Men. 544, cf. LXX Genesis 16:9, Si. 18.21, 1 Peter 5:6.

4. esp. of fasting or abstinence, θεοῦ ᾧ πᾶσα ψυχὴ ἐν τῇ σήμερον ἡμέρᾳ (i.e. on a fast-day) ταπεινοῦται μεθ' ἱκετείας SIG 1181.11 (Rhenea, Jewish, ii A.D.); ἐὰν ψυχὴν τεταπεινωμένην ἐμπλήσῃς feed the hungry, LXX Isaiah 58:10, cf. Leviticus 23:27, al.; οἶδα ταπεινοῦσθαι, opp. περισσεύειν, Philippians 4:12.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ταπεινόω, ταπεινῷ; future ταπεινώσω; 1 aorist ἐταπείνωσα; passive, present ταπεινοῦμαι; 1 aorist ἐταπεινώθην; 1 future ταπεινωθήσομαι; (ταπεινός); to make low, bring low (Vulg. humilio);

a. properly: ὄρος, βουνόν, i. e. to level, reduce to a plain, passive, Luke 3:5 from Isaiah 40:4.

b. metaphorically, to bring into it humble condition, reduce to meaner circumstances; i. e. α. to assign a lower rank or place to; to abase; τινα, passive, to be ranked below others who are honored or rewarded (R. V. to humble): Matthew 23:12; Luke 14:11; Luke 18:14. β. ταπεινῷ ἐμαυτόν, to humble or abase myself, by frugal living, 2 Corinthians 11:7; in the passive of one who submits to want, Philippians 4:12; ἑαυτόν, of one who stoops to the condition of s servant, Philippians 2:8.

c. to lower, depress (English humble): τινα, one's soul, bring down one's pride; ἐμαυτόν, to have a modest opinion of oneself, to behave in an unassuming manner devoid of all haughtiness, Matthew 18:4; Matthew 23:12; Luke 14:11; Luke 18:14; passive, ταπεινοῦμαι ἐνώπιον κυρίου (see ἐνώπιον, 2 b. at the end) in a middle sense (Buttmann, 52 (46)), to confess and deplore one's spiritual littleness and unworthiness, James 4:10 (in the same sense ταπεινοῦν τήν ψυχήν αὐτοῦ, Sir. 2:17 Sir. 7:17; the Sept. for נַפְשׁו עִנָּה, he afflicted his soul, of persons fasting, Leviticus 16:29, 31; Leviticus 23:27, 32; Isaiah 58:3, 5, 10; τήν ψυχήν τίνος, to disturb, distress, the soul of one, Protevangelium Jacobi,

c. 2.13.15 (rather, to humiliate; see the passages)); ὑπό τήν χεῖρα τοῦ Θεοῦ, to submit oneself in a lowly spirit to the power and will of God, 1 Peter 5:6 (cf. Genesis 16:9); equivalent to to put to the blush, 2 Corinthians 12:21. ((Hippocrates), Xenophon, Plato, Diodorus, Plutarch; the Sept. for עָנָה, שָׁפֵל and הִשְׁפִּיל, דִּכָּא, הִכְנִיעַ , etc.) (See references under the word ταπεινοφροσύνη.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ταπεινόω , -

(< ταπεινός ),

[in LXX chiefly for H6030, also for H8213, H3665, etc.;]

to make low: ὄρος (βουνόν ), Luke 3:5 (LXX). Metaph., to humble, abase: Matthew 18:4; Matthew 23:12, Luke 14:11; Luke 18:14, 2 Corinthians 11:7; 2 Corinthians 12:21, Philippians 2:8; pass., Matthew 23:12, Luke 14:11; Luke 18:14, Philippians 4:12; id. with mid. sense, James 4:10, 1 Peter 5:6.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT


By τολμητής in 2 Peter 2:10 Mayor ad l. understands ";a shameless and headstrong man."; For a somewhat weaker sense cf. Jos. B.J. III. 475 (x. 2), ed. Niese Ἰουδαῖοι μέν, εἰ καὶ σφόδρα τολμηταὶ καὶ θανάτου καταφρονοῦντες, ἀλλὰ πολέμων ἄπειροι.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εταπείνου εταπεινούμην εταπείνουν εταπεινώθη εταπεινώθην εταπεινώθης εταπεινώθησαν εταπείνωσα εταπεινώσαμεν εταπείνωσαν εταπείνωσας εταπείνωσάς εταπείνωσε εταπείνωσέ εταπεινωσεν εταπείνωσεν ἐταπείνωσεν ταπεινοί ταπεινουμένην ταπεινούν ταπεινούντες ταπεινουσθαι ταπεινούσθαι ταπεινοῦσθαι ταπεινούται ταπεινωθείη ταπεινωθή ταπεινωθήναι ταπεινωθήναί ταπεινωθησεται ταπεινωθήσεται ταπεινωθήσονται ταπεινωθητε ταπεινώθητε ταπεινώθητι ταπεινων ταπεινών ταπεινῶν ταπεινώσαι ταπεινώσαί ταπεινωσάντων ταπεινώσας ταπεινώσατε ταπεινωσει ταπεινώσει ταπεινώσεις ταπεινώσετε ταπεινωση ταπεινώση ταπεινώσῃ ταπεινώσης ταπείνωσον ταπείνωσόν ταπεινώσουσιν ταπεινώσω ταταπεινωμένην τεταπεινωμένα τεταπεινωμένη τεταπεινωμένην τεταπεινωμένος etapeinosen etapeinōsen etapeínosen etapeínōsen tapeinon tapeinôn tapeinōn tapeinō̂n tapeinose tapeinōsē tapeinosei tapeinōsei tapeinṓsei tapeinṓsēi tapeinothesetai tapeinothḗsetai tapeinōthēsetai tapeinōthḗsetai tapeinothete tapeinōthēte tapeinṓthete tapeinṓthēte tapeinousthai tapeinoûsthai
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