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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #08179 - שַׁעַר

Transliteration
sha‛ar
Phonetics
shah'-ar
Origin
from (H8176) in its original sense
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
TWOT
2437a
Definition
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) gate

1a) gate (of entrance)

1b) gate (of space inside gate, i.e. marketplace, public meeting place)

1b1) city, town

1c) gate (of palace, royal castle, temple, court of tabernacle)

1d) heaven

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 833 ‑ αὐλή (ow‑lay');  2374 ‑ θύρα (thoo'‑rah);  4172 ‑ πόλις (pol'‑is);  4439 ‑ πύλη (poo'‑lay);  4440 ‑ πυλών (poo‑lone');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
KJV (367)
Genesis
9
Exodus
11
Numbers
1
Deuteronomy
34
Joshua
5
Judges
9
Ruth
4
1 Samuel
4
2 Samuel
12
1 Kings
2
2 Kings
18
1 Chronicles
8
2 Chronicles
17
Nehemiah
41
Esther
11
Job
5
Psalms
13
Proverbs
7
Song of Solomon
1
Isaiah
12
Jeremiah
28
Lamentations
4
Ezekiel
96
Amos
3
Obadiah
2
Micah
3
Nahum
2
Zephaniah
1
Zechariah
4
NAS (368)
Genesis
9
Exodus
11
Numbers
1
Deuteronomy
33
Joshua
5
Judges
9
Ruth
4
1 Samuel
4
2 Samuel
12
1 Kings
2
2 Kings
18
1 Chronicles
9
2 Chronicles
18
Nehemiah
40
Esther
11
Job
5
Psalms
13
Proverbs
7
Song of Solomon
1
Isaiah
12
Jeremiah
28
Lamentations
4
Ezekiel
97
Amos
3
Obadiah
2
Micah
3
Nahum
2
Zephaniah
1
Zechariah
4
HCS (372)
Genesis
9
Exodus
12
Numbers
1
Deuteronomy
34
Joshua
5
Judges
9
Ruth
4
1 Samuel
4
2 Samuel
12
1 Kings
2
2 Kings
18
1 Chronicles
9
2 Chronicles
19
Nehemiah
39
Esther
11
Job
5
Psalms
13
Proverbs
7
Song of Solomon
1
Isaiah
12
Jeremiah
28
Lamentations
4
Ezekiel
99
Amos
3
Obadiah
2
Micah
3
Nahum
2
Zephaniah
1
Zechariah
4
BSB (375)
Genesis
10
Exodus
12
Numbers
1
Deuteronomy
34
Joshua
5
Judges
9
Ruth
4
1 Samuel
4
2 Samuel
12
1 Kings
2
2 Kings
18
1 Chronicles
9
2 Chronicles
19
Nehemiah
41
Esther
11
Job
5
Psalms
13
Proverbs
7
Song of Solomon
1
Isaiah
12
Jeremiah
28
Lamentations
4
Ezekiel
99
Amos
3
Obadiah
2
Micah
3
Nahum
2
Zephaniah
1
Zechariah
4
ESV (350)
Genesis
9
Numbers
1
Deuteronomy
33
Joshua
5
Judges
9
Ruth
4
1 Samuel
4
2 Samuel
12
1 Kings
2
2 Kings
18
1 Chronicles
8
2 Chronicles
18
Nehemiah
41
Esther
11
Job
4
Psalms
13
Proverbs
6
Isaiah
12
Jeremiah
28
Lamentations
4
Ezekiel
96
Amos
3
Micah
3
Nahum
1
Zephaniah
1
Zechariah
4
WEB (374)
Genesis
9
Exodus
12
Numbers
1
Deuteronomy
34
Joshua
5
Judges
9
Ruth
4
1 Samuel
4
2 Samuel
13
1 Kings
2
2 Kings
18
1 Chronicles
8
2 Chronicles
18
Nehemiah
41
Esther
11
Job
5
Psalms
14
Proverbs
7
Song of Solomon
1
Isaiah
11
Jeremiah
28
Lamentations
4
Ezekiel
100
Amos
3
Obadiah
2
Micah
3
Nahum
2
Zephaniah
1
Zechariah
4
Verse Results
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2862) ros (סהאהר ShAhR) AC: ? CO: Gate AB: ?: The entrance into the city as well the activities carried out there such as marketing and judging.

V) ros (סהאהר ShAhR) - Reason: To think in the sense of splitting open and entering as a gate. KJV (1): (vf: Paal) think - Strongs: H8176 (שָׁעַר)

Nm) ros (סהאהר ShAhR) - I. Gate:[Hebrew and Aramaic] II. Sh KJV (375): gate, city, door, port, porter, mouth - Strongs: H8179 (שַׁעַר), H8180 (שַׁעַר), H8651 (תְּרַע), H8652 (תָּרָע)

gm ) rofs (סהואהר ShWAhR) - Gatekeeper: KJV (37): porter, doorkeeper - Strongs: H7778 (שֹׁעֵר)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2021
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

שַׁעַר comm. (fem. Isaiah 14:31 compare Nehemiah 3:16).

(1)  a gate. (Syr. and Chald. with the letters transposed תְּרַע, ܬܰܪܥܐܳ), whether of a camp, Exodus 32:26, 27 Exodus 32:27 or of a city, Genesis 23:18; Joshua 2:7 or of a temple, Ezekiel 8:5, 10:19 or of a palace, Esther 2:19, 21 (whence שַׁעַר used of the palace itself, Esther 4:2, compare תְּרַע). שַׁעֲרֵי הָאָרֶץ the gates of a land are the entrances of a land, places where enemies might enter, Jeremiah 15:7; Nahum 3:13 בִּשְׁעָרֶיךָ within thy gates, i.e. in thy cities, Deuteronomy 12:12, 14:27 and even בְּאַחַד שְׁעָרֶיךָ in one of thy cities, Deuteronomy 17:2 compare 1 Kings 8:37; 2 Chronicles 6:28. At the gates of cities there was the forum (רְחֹב, compare amongst other passages, Nehemiah 8:16), where trials were held, and the citizens assembled, some of them for business, and some to sit at leisure, to look on, and converse (Genesis 19:1; Ruth 4:11; Proverbs 31:23; Lamentations 1:4); whence בַּשַּׁעַר in the gate, often for in the forum, in judgment, Deuteronomy 25:7; Job 5:4, 31:21 Proverbs 22:22; Isaiah 29:21; Amos 5:10, 12, 15 ישְׁבֵי שַׁעַר those who sit in the gate, i.e. persons of leisure, idlers, Psalms 69:13; Ruth 3:11 כָּל־שַׁעַר עַמִּי “all the assembly of my people.”

The following were the names of the gates in the walls of Jerusalem

(a) שַׁעַר הָעַיִן the gate of the fountain, so called from the fountain Gihon, on the west side of the city, near the foot of Mount Zion, Nehemiah 2:14, 3:15 12:37. Going from this towards the north

(b) שַׁעַר הָאַשְׁפֹּת the dunghill-gate, Nehemiah 2:13, 3:14 12:31 contr. שׁ׳ הָשְׁפּוֹת Nehemiah 3:13 Josephus calls it (Bell. Jud. v. 4, § 2), the gate of the Essenes.

(c) שַׁעַר הַגַּיְא the gate of the valley, Nehemiah 2:13, 15 3:13 2 Chronicles 33:14. On the north side of the city there followed

(d) שַׁעַר הַפִּנָּה Jerem. 31:38 2 Chronicles 26:9 and שַׁעַר הַפִּנִּים the gate of the mural towers, Zechariah 14:10.

(e) שׁ׳ אֶפְרַיִם Nehemiah 8:16 also called שׁ׳ בִּנְיָמִין Jeremiah 37:13, 38:7 Zechariah 14:10 (the way from it leading to both these tribes), with a forum near it (Nehemiah 8:16).-Next this on the eastern side of the city was

(f) שׁ׳ הַיְשָׁנָה the old gate, Nehemiah 3:6, 12:39 prob. the same as is called שַׁעַר הָרִאשׁוֹן Zechariah 14:10. Then

(g) שׁ׳ הַדָּגִים the fish-gate, prob. so called from the fish which were there offered for sale, Nehemiah 3:3, 12:39 Zephaniah 1:10.

(h) שׁ׳ הַצֹּאן the sheep-gate, Nehemiah 3:1, 12:39, near the temple, so called from the sheep for sacrifice in the temple, which were offered for sale in the forum of this gate.

(1) שׁ׳ הַמִּפְקָד Vulg. porta judicialis, Nehemiah 3:31 (which others take to be one of the gates of the temple).

(k) the horse-gate, Nehemiah 3:28; Jeremiah 31:40.

(l) the water-gate, so called from the brook Kedron, Nehemiah 3:26, 12:37 which some suppose to be the same as

(m) שַׁעַר הַחַרְסוּת the pottery-gate, Jeremiah 19:2, through which they went to the valley of Hinnom, which is no doubt to be sought on the south-east side of the city. On the south side of the city, the walls were built on the edge of the steep side of Mount Zion, in which therefore there were no gates. The inner-gate (שׁ׳ הַתָּוֶךְ), Jeremiah 39:3, seems to have led from the higher city to the lower. See concerning the whole subject, Bachiene, Descr. Palæstinæ, ii. § 94-107; J. E. Faber, Archäologie der Hebräer, i. p. 336, seqq.; Rosenm. Alterthumskunde, it. 2, p. 216, seqq. Certain other gates were not in the walls of the city, but in the outer wall of the temple; see סוּר, שַׁלֶּכֶת.

(2) a measure, -fold, see the root No. I., 2, Genesis 26:12, מֵאָה שְׁעָרִים a hundred measures, a hundred-fold, i.e. ἑκατονπλασίως.

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List of Word Forms
בְּשַֽׁעֲרֵ֥י בְּשַֽׁעֲרֵיכֶ֔ם בְּשַֽׁעַר־ בְּשַׁ֖עַר בְּשַׁ֙עַר֙ בְּשַׁ֣עַר בְּשַׁ֤עַר בְּשַׁ֥עַר בְּשַׁעֲרֵ֖י בְּשַׁעֲרֵ֛י בְּשַׁעֲרֵ֣י בְּשַׁעֲרֵ֥י בְּשַׁעֲרֵיכֶֽם׃ בְשַֽׁעַר־ בְשַׁ֤עַר בְשַׁעֲרֵ֣י בִּ֝שְׁעָרַ֗יִךְ בִּשְׁעָרֶ֑יךָ בִּשְׁעָרֶ֔יךָ בִּשְׁעָרֶ֖יךָ בִּשְׁעָרֶ֗יהָ בִּשְׁעָרֶ֗יךָ בִּשְׁעָרֶ֜יךָ בִּשְׁעָרֶֽ֔יךָ בִּשְׁעָרֶֽיךָ׃ בִּשְׁעָרַ֔יִךְ בִשְׁעָרֶ֖יךָ בַ֝שַּׁ֗עַר בַּ֝שַּׁ֗עַר בַּשְּׁעָרִ֑ים בַּשְּׁעָרִ֔ים בַּשְּׁעָרִ֣ים בַּשְּׁעָרִ֥ים בַּשַּׁ֔עַר בַּשַּׁ֖עַר בַּשַּׁ֛עַר בַּשַּׁ֥עַר בַּשָּֽׁעַר׃ בַּשָּׁ֑עַר בַשְּׁעָרִ֣ים בַשְּׁעָרִֽים׃ בַשַּׁ֖עַר בַשָּֽׁעַר׃ בַשָּׁ֑עַר בשער בשער־ בשער׃ בשערי בשעריה בשעריך בשעריך׃ בשעריכם בשעריכם׃ בשערים בשערים׃ הַ֠שַּׁעַר הַשְּׁעָרִ֑ים הַשְּׁעָרִ֔ים הַשְּׁעָרִ֖ים הַשְּׁעָרִ֗ים הַשְּׁעָרִ֛ים הַשְּׁעָרִ֧ים הַשְּׁעָרִֽים׃ הַשַּׁ֔עַר הַשַּׁ֖עַר הַשַּׁ֗עַר הַשַּׁ֙עַר֙ הַשַּׁ֛עַר הַשַּׁ֜עְרָה הַשַּׁ֜עַר הַשַּׁ֣עַר הַשַּׁ֥עַר הַשַּׁ֨עַר הַשַּׁעַר֒ הַשַּׁעַר֮ הַשָּֽׁעְרָה׃ הַשָּֽׁעַר׃ הַשָּׁ֑עַר השער השער׃ השערה השערה׃ השערים השערים׃ וְהַשַּׁ֗עַר וְהַשַּׁ֣עַר וְהַשַּׁ֥עַר וְשַׁ֙עַר֙ וְשַׁ֛עַר וְשַׁ֨עַר וְשַׁעֲרֵ֖י וְשַׁעֲרֵ֣י וָשָֽׁעַר׃ וָשָׁ֑עַר וּבִשְׁעָרֶֽיךָ׃ וּלְשַׁ֨עַר וּמִשַּׁ֣עַר וּשְׁעָרִ֖ים וּשְׁעָרֶ֖יהָ וּשְׁעָרֶ֥יהָ וּשְׁעָרַ֖יִךְ ובשעריך׃ והשער ולשער ומשער ושער ושער׃ ושערי ושעריה ושעריך ושערים לְמִשַּׁ֣עַר לְשַֽׁעַר־ לְשַׁ֖עַר לְשַׁ֣עַר לְשַׁ֥עַר לְשַׁעֲרֵ֥י לַשְּׁעָרִ֖ים לַשַּׁ֙עַר֙ לַשַּׁ֨עַר לַשָּֽׁעַר׃ לָשַׁ֙עַר֙ למשער לשער לשער־ לשער׃ לשערי לשערים מִשַּׁ֛עַר מִשַּׁ֣עַר מִשַּׁ֤עַר מִשַּׁ֥עֲרֵי מִשַּׁ֧עַר משער משערי שְׁעָרִ֑ים שְׁעָרִ֔ים שְׁעָרִ֥ים שְׁעָרִ֨ים ׀ שְׁעָרֶ֑יךָ שְׁעָרֶ֔יהָ שְׁעָרֶ֔יךָ שְׁעָרֶ֖יךָ שְׁעָרֶ֗יךָ שְׁעָרֶ֙יהָ֙ שְׁעָרֶ֙יךָ֙ שְׁעָרֶֽיךָ׃ שְׁעָרַ֧יִךְ שְׁעָרָ֑יִךְ שְׁעָרָ֑יו שְׁעָרָ֨יו ׀ שַֽׁעֲרֵיהֶ֖ם שַֽׁעַר־ שַׁ֔עַר שַׁ֕עַר שַׁ֖עַר שַׁ֙עַר֙ שַׁ֜עַר שַׁ֣עֲרֵיהֶ֔ם שַׁ֣עַר שַׁ֣עַר ׀ שַׁ֤עַר שַׁ֥עֲרֵי שַׁ֥עַר שַׁ֧עַר שַׁ֨עַר שַׁעֲרֵ֖י שַׁעֲרֵ֣י שַׁעֲרֵ֤י שַׁעֲרֵ֥י שַׁעֲרֵ֨י שַׁעֲרֵי֙ שַׁעֲרֵי־ שָֽׁעְרָה׃ שָֽׁעַר׃ שָׁ֑עַר שְׁעָרָ֗יו שער שער־ שער׃ שערה׃ שערי שערי־ שעריה שעריהם שעריו שעריך שעריך׃ שערים baš·ša·‘ar baš·šā·‘ar ḇaš·ša·‘ar ḇaš·šā·‘ar baš·šə·‘ā·rîm ḇaš·šə·‘ā·rîm bashShaar bashsheaRim bašša‘ar baššā‘ar ḇašša‘ar ḇaššā‘ar baššə‘ārîm ḇaššə‘ārîm bə·ša·‘ă·rê ḇə·ša·‘ă·rê bə·ša·‘ă·rê·ḵem bə·ša·‘ar ḇə·ša·‘ar bə·ša·‘ar- ḇə·ša·‘ar- bəša‘ar ḇəša‘ar bəša‘ar- ḇəša‘ar- bəša‘ărê ḇəša‘ărê bəša‘ărêḵem beshaar beshaaRei beshaareiChem biš‘ārayiḵ biš‘ārehā biš‘āreḵā ḇiš‘āreḵā biš·‘ā·ra·yiḵ biš·‘ā·re·hā biš·‘ā·re·ḵā ḇiš·‘ā·re·ḵā bishaRayich bishaReicha bishaReiha haš·ša‘·rāh haš·ša·‘ar haš·šā·‘ar haš·šā·‘ə·rāh haš·šə·‘ā·rîm hashShaar hashShaerah hashSharah hashsheaRim hašša‘ar haššā‘ar haššā‘ərāh hašša‘rāh haššə‘ārîm lā·ša·‘ar laš·ša·‘ar laš·šā·‘ar laš·šə·‘ā·rîm lāša‘ar laShaar lashShaar lashsheaRim lašša‘ar laššā‘ar laššə‘ārîm lə·miš·ša·‘ar lə·ša·‘ă·rê lə·ša·‘ar lə·ša·‘ar- lemishShaar ləmišša‘ar ləša‘ar ləša‘ar- ləša‘ărê leShaar leshaaRei miš·ša·‘ă·rê miš·ša·‘ar mishShaar mishShaarei mišša‘ar mišša‘ărê ša‘ar šā‘ar ša‘ar- ša‘ărê ša‘ărê- ša‘ărêhem šā‘ərāh ša·‘ă·rê ša·‘ă·rê- ša·‘ă·rê·hem ša·‘ar šā·‘ar ša·‘ar- šā·‘ə·rāh šə‘ārāw šə‘ārayiḵ šə‘ārāyiḵ šə‘ārehā šə‘āreḵā šə‘ārîm šə·‘ā·ra·yiḵ šə·‘ā·rā·yiḵ šə·‘ā·rāw šə·‘ā·re·hā šə·‘ā·re·ḵā šə·‘ā·rîm Shaar shaaRei shaareiHem Shaerah sheaRav sheaRayich sheaReicha sheaReiha sheaRim ū·ḇiš·‘ā·re·ḵā ū·lə·ša·‘ar ū·miš·ša·‘ar ū·šə·‘ā·ra·yiḵ ū·šə·‘ā·re·hā ū·šə·‘ā·rîm ūḇiš‘āreḵā ūləša‘ar uleShaar umishShaar ūmišša‘ar ūšə‘ārayiḵ ūšə‘ārehā ūšə‘ārîm usheaRayich usheaReiha usheaRim uvishaReicha vaShaar vashShaar vashsheaRim vehashShaar veShaar veshaaRei vishaReicha wā·šā·‘ar wāšā‘ar wə·haš·ša·‘ar wə·ša·‘ă·rê wə·ša·‘ar wəhašša‘ar wəša‘ar wəša‘ărê
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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