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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #4439 - πύλη

Root Word (Etymology)
apparently a primary word
Parts of Speech
feminine noun
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  1. a gate
    1. of the larger sort
      1. in the wall of either a city
      2. a palace
      3. a town
      4. the temple
      5. a prison
  2. the gates of hell (likened to a vast prison)
  3. metaph. the access or entrance into any state
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1817 ‑ דֶּלֶת (deh'‑leth);  5592 ‑ סַף (saf);  6607 ‑ פֶּתַח (peh'‑thakh);  8179 ‑ שַׁעַר (shah'‑ar);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (10)
Matthew 4
Luke 2
Acts 3
Hebrews 1
NAS (10)
Matthew 4
Luke 1
Acts 4
Hebrews 1
CSB (10)
Matthew 4
Luke 1
Acts 4
Hebrews 1
BSB (10)
Matthew 4
Luke 1
Acts 4
Hebrews 1
ESV (9)
Matthew 4
Acts 4
Hebrews 1
WEB (10)
Matthew 4
Luke 2
Acts 3
Hebrews 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

πύλη [ ], , prop. one wing of a pair of double gates, ὀλίγον τι παρακλίναντες τὴν ἑτέρην π. Hdt. 3.156: mostly in pl., gates of a town (whereas θύρα = house-door), Σκαιαὶ π. Il. 3.145, etc.; π. εὖ ἀραρυίας 7.339; πύκα στιβαρῶς ἀραρυίας 12.454; πεπταμένας ἐν χερσὶ π. ἔχετε 21.531; ἄνεσάν τε π. καὶ ἀπῶσαν ὀχῆας ib. 537; π. ἀνοῖξαι A. Ag. 604; π. κλῇσαι Pl. R. 560c (the Art. is freq. omitted even in Prose): pl. of several gates, A. Th. 125; ἐν πύλαις in or at the gates, ib. 160, 213 (both lyr.), al.; πρὸς πύλαις ib. 377, 457; ἐπὶ ταῖς πύλαισιν, οὗ τὸ τάριχος ὤνιον Ar. Eq. 1247 .

2. in Trag. sts. of the house-door, δωμάτων πύλαι A. Ch. 732, cf. 561; γυναικείους π. gate or door leading to the women's apartments, ib. 878; πύλαις διπλαῖς ἐνήλατο S. OT 1261; ἐκτὸς αὐλείων πυλῶν Id. Ant. 18: also in sg., ib. 1186, El. 818; of the door of a tent, Id. Aj. 11; πύλης ἄναξ θυρωρέ Id. Fr. 775 .

3. πύλαι Ἀΐδαο the gates of the nether world, periphr.for hell, Il. 5.646, 9.312, Od. 14.156; Ἅιδου πύλαι A. Ag. 1291, cf. Ev.Matthew 16:18, etc.; also σκότου πύλαι E. Hec. 1; νερτέρων π. Id. Hipp. 1447 .

4. custom-house, PTeb. 5.34 (ii B.C.); τετελώνηται διὰ πύλης has paid the customs, BGU 1592 (iii A.D.), etc.; τὸ σύμβολον τῆς ἱερᾶς Συηνιτικῆς π. PStrassb. 79.10 (i B.C.); μισθωταὶ ἱερᾶς π. Σοήνης Ostr. 106 (ii A.D.), al., cf. Ostr.Bodl. v C 1 (ii A.D.),

II generally, entrance, orifice, ἀμφὶ πύλας ἰσθμοῖο Emp. 100.19; ἀναπεπταμένας ἔχω τῶν ὤτων τὰς π. Ath. 4.169a; πύλας τοῖς ὠσὶν ἐπίθεσθε Pl. Smp. 218b; ἡλίου πύλαι, Pythag. name for the eyes, D.L. 8.29; portal fissure of the liver, π. καὶ δοχαὶ χολῆς E. El. 828, cf. Hp. Epid. 2.4.1, Anat. 1, Pl. Ti. 71c, Arist. HA 496b32, Gal. 15.145; portal vein of the liver, Ruf. Onom. 179, Gal. 2.785,5.542. pl., of the carceres in the circus, Aristid. 1.124J. metaph., πύλας ὕμνων ἀναπιτνάμεν Pi. O. 6.27; ἐπέων π. B. Fr. 4; ἐν πύλαις γήρως D.C. 57.24, cf. 76.7 .

2. entrance into a country through mountains, pass, Hdt. 5.52: hence, Πύλαι, αἱ, the common name for Θερμοπύλαι, the Gates of Greece, Id. 7.201, etc.: of other passes, π. τῆς Κιλικίας καὶ τῆς Συρίας X. An. 1.4.4; αἱ Σύριαι π . ib. 5; αἱ Κάσπιαι π . Str. 11.12.1; π. Λύδιαι Id. 13.1.65; Ἀμανίδες π . Id. 14.5.18, 16.2.8 ( αἱ Ἀμανικαὶ καλούμεναι Arr. An. 2.7.1 ): these passes were sometimes really barred by gates, Hdt. 7.176, cf. 3.117, 5.52, X. l.c.: the Isthmus is called πόντοιο πύλαι, Pi. N. 10.27; Κορίνθου π. Id. O. 9.86; αἱ π. τῆς Πελοποννήσου X. Ages. 2.17; Πέλοπος νάσου θεόδματοι π . B. p.437 J.

3. of narrow straits, by which one enters a broad sea, Πύλαι Γαδειρίδες the Straits of Gibraltar, Pi. Fr. 256; ἐπ' αὐταῖς στενοπόροις λίμνης π ., of the Thracian Bosporus, A. Pr. 729; ἐν πύλαις, of the Euripus, E. IA 803 .

Thayer's Expanded Definition

πύλη, πύλης, (perhaps feminine of πόλος (cf. English pole i. e. axis) from the root πελῶ, to turn (Curtius, p. 715)), from Homer down; the Sept. very often for שַׁעַר, occasionally for דְּלֵת, sometimes for פֶּתַח; a gate (of the larger sort, in the wall either of a city or a palace; Thomas Magister (p. 292, 4) πύλαι ἐπί τείχους. θύραι ἐπί οἰκίας): of a town, Luke 7:12; Acts 9:24; Acts 16:13 L T Tr WH; Hebrews 13:12; of the temple, Acts 3:10; in the wall of a prison, Acts 12:10; πύλαι ᾅδου, the gates of Hades (likened to a vast prison; hence, the 'keys' of Hades, Revelation 1:18), Matthew 16:18 (on which see κατισχύω); Wis. 16:13; 3Macc. 5:51, and often by secular writings; see Grimm on 3Macc. 5:51. in figurative discourse equivalent to access or entrance into any state: Matthew 7:13{a},13{b} R G T brackets Tr WH marginal reading, 14 R G L brackets T brackets Tr WH; Luke 13:24 R L marginal reading (On its omission see προβατικός.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

πύλη , -ης , ,

[in LXX chiefly and very freq. for H8179 sometimes for H1817, H6607;]

a gate: Luke 7:12, Acts 9:24; Acts 12:10; Acts 16:13, Hebrews 13:12; ἡ Ὡραία Π . τ . ἱεροῦ , Acts 3:10. Metaph., Matthew 7:13-14; πύλαι ᾅδου (Wisdom of Solomon 16:13, 3 Maccabees 5:51, and cf. κλαῖς ᾅδου Revelation 1:18): Matthew 16:18.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
List of Word Forms
πυλαι πύλαι πύλαις πυλας πύλας πύλει πυλη πύλη πύλῃ πυλην πύλην πυλης πύλης πυλών pulai pulas pule pulē pulen pulēn pules pulēs pylai pýlai pylas pýlas pyle pylē pýle pýlē pýlei pýlēi pylen pylēn pýlen pýlēn pyles pylēs pýles pýlēs
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