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Wednesday, June 19th, 2024
the Week of Proper 6 / Ordinary 11
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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #0833 - אָשֵׁר

aw-shar', aw-share'
Root Word (Etymology)
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
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1) to go straight, walk, go on, advance, make progress

1a) (Qal) to go straight on, make progress

1b) (Piel)

1b1) to go straight on, advance

1b2) to lead on (causative)

1b3) to set right, righten

1b4) to pronounce happy, call blessed

1c) (Pual)

1c1) to be advanced, be led on

1c2) to be made happy, be blessed

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2206 ‑ ζηλόω (dzay‑lo'‑o);  2720 ‑ κατευθύνω (kat‑yoo‑thoo'‑no);  3106 ‑ μακαρίζω (mak‑ar‑id'‑zo);  804 ‑ ἀσφαλής (as‑fal‑ace');  4105 ‑ πλανάω (plan‑ah'‑o);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (17)
Genesis 1
Job 1
Psalms 2
Proverbs 5
Song of Solomon 1
Isaiah 4
Malachi 3
NAS (22)
Genesis 1
Job 2
Psalms 4
Proverbs 5
Song of Solomon 2
Isaiah 4
Malachi 4
CSB (16)
Genesis 1
Job 1
Psalms 2
Proverbs 5
Song of Solomon 1
Isaiah 4
Malachi 2
BSB (16)
Genesis 1
Job 1
Psalms 2
Proverbs 5
Song of Solomon 1
Isaiah 4
Malachi 2
ESV (15)
Genesis 2
Job 1
Psalms 2
Proverbs 5
Isaiah 3
Malachi 2
WEB (17)
Genesis 1
Job 1
Psalms 2
Proverbs 5
Song of Solomon 1
Isaiah 4
Malachi 3
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1480) rs (סהר ShR) AC: Tie CO: Cord AB: ?: The pictograph s is a picture of the teeth representing pressure, the r is a picture of the head representing the top or beginning. Combined these mean "press the beginning". Ropes and cords were usually made of bark strips such as from the cedar or from the sinew (tendon) of an animal. The rope is made by twisting two fibers together. A single fiber is attached to a fixed point (top) , and the two ends of the fiber are brought together. One fiber is twisted in a clockwise direction and wrapped over the other fiber in counter clockwise direction. The second fiber is then twisted in clockwise direction then wrapped around the first fiber in a counter clockwise direction. The process is repeated through the length of the rope. The twisting of the fibers in opposite directions causes the fibers to lock (press) onto each other making a stronger rope. The rope is used to tightly secure or support something, such as a load to a cart or the poles of the tent.

A) rs (סהר ShR) AC: ? CO: Cord AB: ?: Sinews were used for making cords by twisting them together. The umbilical cord, and navel, as a cord that binds the infant to the mother.

Nm) rs (סהר ShR) - Cord: The navel cord. KJV (2): navel - Strongs: H8270 (שֹׁר)

Nf1) ers (סהרה ShRH) - I. Bracelet:A cord around the wrist. II. Wall:As encircling a city. KJV (2): bracelet, wall - Strongs: H8284 (שָׁרָה), H8285 (שֵׁרָה)

hf1) ersm (מסהרה MShRH) - Juice: As loosened from the fruit. KJV (1): liquor - Strongs: H4952 (מִשְׁרָה)

mm) nrs (סהרנ ShRN) - Wall: As an armor around the city. [df: anrsa]KJV (2): wall - Strongs: H846 (אֻשַּׁרְנָא)

efjm/f ) nfiris (סהיריונ ShYRYWN) - Harness: An armor made from tightly wound cords of leather. KJV (11): habergeon, coat, harness, breastplate, brigadine - Strongs: H5630 (סִרְיוֹן), H8302 (שִׁרְיֹנָה)

B) rrs (סהרר ShRR) AC: ? CO: Cord AB: ?: Sinews were used for making cords by twisting them together. The umbilical cord, and navel, as a cord that binds the infant to the mother.

V) rrs (סהרר ShRR) - Enemy: As one who is to be tied up. KJV (5): (vf: Paal) enemy - Strongs: H8324 (שׁוֹרֵר)

Nm) rrs (סהרר ShRR) - Cord: KJV (1): navel - Strongs: H8326 (שֹׁרֶר)

bm) rirs (סהריר ShRYR) - Navel: KJV (1): navel - Strongs: H8306 (שָׁרִיר)

bf3) tfrirs (סהרירות ShRYRWT) - Imagination: A twisting together of thoughts. KJV (10): imagination, lust - Strongs: H8307 (שְׁרִרוּת)

C) rsa (אסהר AShR) AC: ? CO: Straight AB: ?: A cord pulled tight is straight.

V) rsa (אסהר AShR) - Happy: One who is happy is one whose life is lived straightly. KJV (16): (vf: Paal, Pual, Piel) blessed, lead, go, guide, happy, leader, relieve - Strongs: H833 (אָשֵׁר)

Nm) rsa (אסהר AShR) - I. Happy:One who is happy is one whose life is lived straightly. II. Which:Or who, what or that. As a rope attaches two objects together, this word links the action of the sentence to the one doing the action. [The short form " s " is used as a prefix meaning "who" or "which"] KJV (156): blessed, happy, which, wherewith, because, when, soon, as, that, until much, whosoever, whom, whose - Strongs: H834 (אֲשֶׁר), H835 (אֶשֶׁר)

df ) rfsa (אסהור AShWR) - Step: A walking in straight line. KJV (9): step, going - Strongs: H838 (אשׁר)

gm) rsfa (אוסהר AWShR) - Happy: One who is happy is one whose life is lived straightly. KJV (1): happy - Strongs: H837 (אֹשֶׁר)

idf) rfsat (תאסהור TAShWR) - Teashur: An unknown tree. Possibly a type of cedar from its bark strips which can be used for making cords. KJV (2): box - Strongs: H8391 (תְּאַשּׁוּר)

D) ras (סהאר ShAR) AC: Remain CO: Relative AB: ?: When the nomadic tribe was larger than could be maintained the family divided in the sense of severing the umbilical cord.

V) ras (סהאר ShAR) - Remain: KJV (133): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Participle) leave, remain, remnant, let, rest - Strongs: H7604 (שָׁאַר)

Nm) ras (סהאר ShAR) - I. Remnant:What is left behind. II. Kin:A near relative of another tribe. KJV (54): flesh, kinswoman, food, near, nigh, kin, body, kinsman, remnant, rest, residue, other - Strongs: H7605 (שְׁאָר), H7606 (שְׁאָר), H7607 (שְׁאֵר)

Nf1) eras (סהארה ShARH) - Kin: A near female relative. KJV (1): kinswoman - Strongs: H7608 (שַׁאֲרָה)

Nf4) tiras (סהארית ShARYT) - Remnant: KJV (66): remnant, residue, rest, remainder, escaped - Strongs: H7611 (שְׁאֵרִית)

lf1) ersrs (סהרסהרה ShRShRH) - Cord: KJV (7): chain - Strongs: H8333 (שַׁרְשְׁרָה)

H) ers (סהרה ShRH) AC: Loose CO: Cord AB: ?: The tying around of something with a cord, or the loosening of it.

V) ers (סהרה ShRH) - Loose: To untie something or to let something go. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (9): (vf: Paal, Piel) loose, dissolve, dwell, began - Strongs: H8271 (שְׁרָא), H8281 (שָׁרָה), H8293 (שֵׁרוּת)

J) rfs (סהור ShWR) AC: ? CO: Caravan AB: ?: A group that travels around an area carrying loads. The bull is used as a beast of burden to carry loads.

V) rfs (סהור ShWR) - I. Caravan:To travel as a group of merchants with loads. II. See:[Unknown connection to root] KJV (18): (vf: Paal, Participle) went, sing, behold, see, look, observe, wait, regard, perceive - Strongs: H7788 (שׁוּר), H7789 (שׁוּר)

Nm) rfs (סהור ShWR) - I. Ox:Used for pulling heavy loads. [Hebrew and Aramaic] II. Wall:As tied around a city. [Hebrew and Aramaic] III. Enemy:As one who is to be tied up. KJV (93): ox, bullock, cow, bull, enemy, wall - Strongs: H7790 (שׁוּר), H7791 (שׁוּרָה), H7792 (שׁוּר), H7794 (שׁוֹר), H8450 (תּוֹר)

Nf1) erfs (סהורה ShWRH) - Row: As a wall. [df: hrwV] KJV (1): principle - Strongs: H7795 (שׂוֹרָה)

if1 ) erfst (תסהורה TShWRH) - Gift: As brought by a traveler. KJV (1): present - Strongs: H8670 (תְּשׁוּרָה)

L) rsi (יסהר YShR) AC: ? CO: Cord AB: ?: A tight rope is straight. A righteous one is one who is straight and firmly holds up truth just as the cord is straight and firmly holds the wall of the tent upright.

V) rsi (יסהר YShR) - I. Straight:To be in a straight line, path or thought. II. Remnant:[df: rty] KJV (134): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Pual, Piel, Participle) please, straight, direct, right, well, fit, good, meet, upright, remain, leave, rest, remainder, remnant, reserve, residue, plenteous, behind, excel, preserve - Strongs: H3474 (יָשַׁר), H3498 (יָתַר)

Nm ) rsi (יסהר YShR) - I. Cord:The cord of the bow. [df: rty]II. Straight:A straight line, path or thought. III. Remnant:[df: rty] KJV (220): cord, string, right, upright, righteous, straight, convenient, equity, just, meet, well, rest, remnant, residue, leave, excellency, exceeding, excellent, plentifully - Strongs: H3477 (יָשָׁר), H3499 (יֶתֶר)

gm ) rsfi (יוסהר YWShR) - Straightness: KJV (14): uprightness, right, upright, meet - Strongs: H3476 (יֹשֶׁר)

km) rsim (מיסהר MYShR) - I. Cord: II. Straight:What is straight. [df: rtym] KJV (28): cord, string, equity, uprightly, uprightness, right, agreement, aright, equal, sweetly - Strongs: H4339 (מֵישָׁרִים), H4340 (מֵיתָר)

hcm ) rfsim (מיסהור MYShWR) - Plain: A level, or straight, place. KJV (23): plain, equity, straight, even, right, righteously, uprightness - Strongs: H4334 (מִישֹׁר)

M) ris (סהיר ShYR) AC: Sing CO: Music AB: ?: A stringed musical instrument uses thin cords for making music.

V) ris (סהיר ShYR) - Sing: [df: rws] KJV (87): (vf: Paal, Hophal, Participle) sing, singer, behold - Strongs: H7891 (שׁוּר)

Nf ) ris (סהיר ShYR) - Song: KJV (90): song, musick, singing, musical, sing, singers - Strongs: H7892 (שִׁירָה)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [אָשַׁר] verb go straight, go on, advance (Assyrian ašâru Zim BP 11; Arabic, Aramaic in derivatives) —

Qal Imperative אִשְׁרוּ Proverbs 9:6 אִשְׁרוּ בְדֶרֶךְ בִּינָה go straight on in the way of understanding.

Pi`el Perfect אִשְּׁרוּ Malachi 3:12; Genesis 30:13; Imperfect תְּאַשֵּׁר Proverbs 4:14 4t.; Imperative אַשֵּׁר Proverbs 23:19; Participle plural מְאַשְּׁרִים Malachi 3:15 2t.; —

1 intensive go straight on, advance Proverbs 4:14.

2 causative lead on Proverbs 23:19; Isaiah 3:12; Isaiah 9:15.

3 set right, righten Isaiah 1:17.

4 pronounce happy, call blessed Genesis 30:13 (J) Job 29:11; Psalm 72:17; Proverbs 31:28; Song of Solomon 6:9; Malachi 3:12,15.

Pu`al Imperfect יְאֻשַּׁר Psalm 41:3; Participle מְאֻשָּׁר Proverbs 3:18; Isaiah 9:15.

1 be led on Isaiah 9:15.

2 be made happy, blessed Psalm 41:3; Proverbs 3:18.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

אָשֵׁר comp. pr.n. אָשֵׁר).

(1) to be straight, right, i.q. יָשַׁר especially used of a straight way, hence also of what is upright, erect, whence comes the signification of firmness and strength, in the Talmud.

(2) to go straight on, and generally to go, Proverbs 9:6.

(3) to be successful, to prosper, to be fortunate, compare the kindred roots יָשַׁר No. 3, כָּשֵׁר and עָשַׁר.

Piel אִשֵּׁר

(1) to guide, or lead straight, Proverbs 23:19; Isaiah 1:17, אַשְּׁרוּ חָמוֹץ “lead the oppressor right,” into the right way, (unless, comparing Pual No. 2, we render with the ancient versions, ῥύσασθε ἀδικούμενον. Vulg. subvenite oppresso, pr. make the oppressed happy), and generally to lead, Isaiah 3:12, 9:15.

(2) intrans. to go on, Proverbs 4:14.

(3) to pronounce happy, or fortunate, Genesis 30:13 Ps: 72:17 Proverbs 31:28; Song of Solomon 6:9; Job 29:11.

Pual אֻשַּׁר and אוּשַּׁר

(1) to be led, Isaiah 9:15.

(2) to be made fortunate, Psalms 41:3; Proverbs 3:18.

Derivative nouns are אָשֵׁר, אֲשֵׁרָה, אֶשֶׁר, אשֶׁר, אֲשׁוּר, אַשּׁוּר, תְּאַשּׁוּר, אֻשַּׁרְנָא.

אָשֵׁר (“fortunate,” “happy,” compare Genesis 20:13), [Asher], pr.n.

(1) of a son of Jacob and his concubine Zilpah (Genesis 30:13, 35:26 ), ancestor of the tribe of the same name (Numbers 1:40, 41 ), whose boundaries are described as on the northern border of the holy land, -Josh. 19:2431. The Gentile noun is אֲשֵׁרִי Judges 1:32.

(2) a town to the east of Shechem, Joshua 17:17.

These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available BibleSupport.com
List of Word Forms
אִשְּׁר֖וּנִי אַשְּׁר֣וּ אשרו אשרוני וְ֝אִשְׁר֗וּ וְאִשְּׁר֥וּ וְאַשֵּׁ֖ר וְאֻשַּׁ֣ר וַֽיְאַשְּׁר֑וּהָ וַֽיְאַשְּׁר֔וּהָ וַֽתְּאַשְּׁרֵ֑נִי וּמְאֻשָּׁרָ֖יו ואשר ואשרו ויאשרוה ומאשריו ותאשרני יְאַשְּׁרֽוּהוּ׃ יאשרוהו׃ מְאַשְּׁרִ֣ים מְאַשְּׁרֵ֥י מְאַשְּׁרֶ֣יךָ מְאֻשָּֽׁר׃ מאשר׃ מאשרי מאשריך מאשרים תְּ֝אַשֵּׁ֗ר תאשר ’aš·šə·rū ’aššərū ’iš·šə·rū·nî ’iššərūnî ashsheRu ishsheRuni mə’aššərê mə’aššəreḵā mə’aššərîm mə’uššār mə·’aš·šə·rê mə·’aš·šə·re·ḵā mə·’aš·šə·rîm mə·’uš·šār meashsheRei meashsheReicha meashsheRim meushShar tə’aššêr tə·’aš·šêr teashSher ū·mə·’uš·šā·rāw ūmə’uššārāw umeushshaRav vatteashsheReni vayashsheRuha veashSher veishRu veishsheRu veushShar wat·tə·’aš·šə·rê·nî wattə’aššərênî way’aššərūhā way·’aš·šə·rū·hā wə’aššêr wə’išrū wə’iššərū wə’uššar wə·’aš·šêr wə·’iš·rū wə·’iš·šə·rū wə·’uš·šar yə’aššərūhū yə·’aš·šə·rū·hū yeashsheRuhu
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