the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #835 - אֶשֶׁר
1) happiness, blessedness
1a) often used as interjection
1b) blessed are
1480) rs (סהר ShR) AC: Tie CO: Cord AB: ?: The pictograph s is a picture of the teeth representing pressure, the r is a picture of the head representing the top or beginning. Combined these mean "press the beginning". Ropes and cords were usually made of bark strips such as from the cedar or from the sinew (tendon) of an animal. The rope is made by twisting two fibers together. A single fiber is attached to a fixed point (top) , and the two ends of the fiber are brought together. One fiber is twisted in a clockwise direction and wrapped over the other fiber in counter clockwise direction. The second fiber is then twisted in clockwise direction then wrapped around the first fiber in a counter clockwise direction. The process is repeated through the length of the rope. The twisting of the fibers in opposite directions causes the fibers to lock (press) onto each other making a stronger rope. The rope is used to tightly secure or support something, such as a load to a cart or the poles of the tent.
A) rs (סהר ShR) AC: ? CO: Cord AB: ?: Sinews were used for making cords by twisting them together. The umbilical cord, and navel, as a cord that binds the infant to the mother.
Nm) rs (סהר ShR) - Cord: The navel cord. KJV (2): navel - Strongs: H8270 (שֹׁר)
Nf1) ers (סהרה ShRH) - I. Bracelet:A cord around the wrist. II. Wall:As encircling a city. KJV (2): bracelet, wall - Strongs: H8284 (שָׁרָה), H8285 (שֵׁרָה)
hf1) ersm (מסהרה MShRH) - Juice: As loosened from the fruit. KJV (1): liquor - Strongs: H4952 (מִשְׁרָה)
mm) nrs (סהרנ ShRN) - Wall: As an armor around the city. [df: anrsa]KJV (2): wall - Strongs: H846 (אֻשַּׁרְנָא)
efjm/f ) nfiris (סהיריונ ShYRYWN) - Harness: An armor made from tightly wound cords of leather. KJV (11): habergeon, coat, harness, breastplate, brigadine - Strongs: H5630 (סִרְיוֹן), H8302 (שִׁרְיֹנָה)
B) rrs (סהרר ShRR) AC: ? CO: Cord AB: ?: Sinews were used for making cords by twisting them together. The umbilical cord, and navel, as a cord that binds the infant to the mother.
V) rrs (סהרר ShRR) - Enemy: As one who is to be tied up. KJV (5): (vf: Paal) enemy - Strongs: H8324 (שׁוֹרֵר)
Nm) rrs (סהרר ShRR) - Cord: KJV (1): navel - Strongs: H8326 (שֹׁרֶר)
bm) rirs (סהריר ShRYR) - Navel: KJV (1): navel - Strongs: H8306 (שָׁרִיר)
bf3) tfrirs (סהרירות ShRYRWT) - Imagination: A twisting together of thoughts. KJV (10): imagination, lust - Strongs: H8307 (שְׁרִרוּת)
C) rsa (אסהר AShR) AC: ? CO: Straight AB: ?: A cord pulled tight is straight.
V) rsa (אסהר AShR) - Happy: One who is happy is one whose life is lived straightly. KJV (16): (vf: Paal, Pual, Piel) blessed, lead, go, guide, happy, leader, relieve - Strongs: H833 (אָשֵׁר)
Nm) rsa (אסהר AShR) - I. Happy:One who is happy is one whose life is lived straightly. II. Which:Or who, what or that. As a rope attaches two objects together, this word links the action of the sentence to the one doing the action. [The short form " s " is used as a prefix meaning "who" or "which"] KJV (156): blessed, happy, which, wherewith, because, when, soon, as, that, until much, whosoever, whom, whose - Strongs: H834 (אֲשֶׁר), H835 (אֶשֶׁר)
df ) rfsa (אסהור AShWR) - Step: A walking in straight line. KJV (9): step, going - Strongs: H838 (אשׁר)
gm) rsfa (אוסהר AWShR) - Happy: One who is happy is one whose life is lived straightly. KJV (1): happy - Strongs: H837 (אֹשֶׁר)
idf) rfsat (תאסהור TAShWR) - Teashur: An unknown tree. Possibly a type of cedar from its bark strips which can be used for making cords. KJV (2): box - Strongs: H8391 (תְּאַשּׁוּר)
D) ras (סהאר ShAR) AC: Remain CO: Relative AB: ?: When the nomadic tribe was larger than could be maintained the family divided in the sense of severing the umbilical cord.
V) ras (סהאר ShAR) - Remain: KJV (133): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Participle) leave, remain, remnant, let, rest - Strongs: H7604 (שָׁאַר)
Nm) ras (סהאר ShAR) - I. Remnant:What is left behind. II. Kin:A near relative of another tribe. KJV (54): flesh, kinswoman, food, near, nigh, kin, body, kinsman, remnant, rest, residue, other - Strongs: H7605 (שְׁאָר), H7606 (שְׁאָר), H7607 (שְׁאֵר)
Nf1) eras (סהארה ShARH) - Kin: A near female relative. KJV (1): kinswoman - Strongs: H7608 (שַׁאֲרָה)
Nf4) tiras (סהארית ShARYT) - Remnant: KJV (66): remnant, residue, rest, remainder, escaped - Strongs: H7611 (שְׁאֵרִית)
lf1) ersrs (סהרסהרה ShRShRH) - Cord: KJV (7): chain - Strongs: H8333 (שַׁרְשְׁרָה)
H) ers (סהרה ShRH) AC: Loose CO: Cord AB: ?: The tying around of something with a cord, or the loosening of it.
V) ers (סהרה ShRH) - Loose: To untie something or to let something go. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (9): (vf: Paal, Piel) loose, dissolve, dwell, began - Strongs: H8271 (שְׁרָא), H8281 (שָׁרָה), H8293 (שֵׁרוּת)
J) rfs (סהור ShWR) AC: ? CO: Caravan AB: ?: A group that travels around an area carrying loads. The bull is used as a beast of burden to carry loads.
V) rfs (סהור ShWR) - I. Caravan:To travel as a group of merchants with loads. II. See:[Unknown connection to root] KJV (18): (vf: Paal, Participle) went, sing, behold, see, look, observe, wait, regard, perceive - Strongs: H7788 (שׁוּר), H7789 (שׁוּר)
Nm) rfs (סהור ShWR) - I. Ox:Used for pulling heavy loads. [Hebrew and Aramaic] II. Wall:As tied around a city. [Hebrew and Aramaic] III. Enemy:As one who is to be tied up. KJV (93): ox, bullock, cow, bull, enemy, wall - Strongs: H7790 (שׁוּר), H7791 (שׁוּרָה), H7792 (שׁוּר), H7794 (שׁוֹר), H8450 (תּוֹר)
Nf1) erfs (סהורה ShWRH) - Row: As a wall. [df: hrwV] KJV (1): principle - Strongs: H7795 (שׂוֹרָה)
if1 ) erfst (תסהורה TShWRH) - Gift: As brought by a traveler. KJV (1): present - Strongs: H8670 (תְּשׁוּרָה)
L) rsi (יסהר YShR) AC: ? CO: Cord AB: ?: A tight rope is straight. A righteous one is one who is straight and firmly holds up truth just as the cord is straight and firmly holds the wall of the tent upright.
V) rsi (יסהר YShR) - I. Straight:To be in a straight line, path or thought. II. Remnant:[df: rty] KJV (134): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Pual, Piel, Participle) please, straight, direct, right, well, fit, good, meet, upright, remain, leave, rest, remainder, remnant, reserve, residue, plenteous, behind, excel, preserve - Strongs: H3474 (יָשַׁר), H3498 (יָתַר)
Nm ) rsi (יסהר YShR) - I. Cord:The cord of the bow. [df: rty]II. Straight:A straight line, path or thought. III. Remnant:[df: rty] KJV (220): cord, string, right, upright, righteous, straight, convenient, equity, just, meet, well, rest, remnant, residue, leave, excellency, exceeding, excellent, plentifully - Strongs: H3477 (יָשָׁר), H3499 (יֶתֶר)
gm ) rsfi (יוסהר YWShR) - Straightness: KJV (14): uprightness, right, upright, meet - Strongs: H3476 (יֹשֶׁר)
km) rsim (מיסהר MYShR) - I. Cord: II. Straight:What is straight. [df: rtym] KJV (28): cord, string, equity, uprightly, uprightness, right, agreement, aright, equal, sweetly - Strongs: H4339 (מֵישָׁרִים), H4340 (מֵיתָר)
hcm ) rfsim (מיסהור MYShWR) - Plain: A level, or straight, place. KJV (23): plain, equity, straight, even, right, righteously, uprightness - Strongs: H4334 (מִישֹׁר)
M) ris (סהיר ShYR) AC: Sing CO: Music AB: ?: A stringed musical instrument uses thin cords for making music.
V) ris (סהיר ShYR) - Sing: [df: rws] KJV (87): (vf: Paal, Hophal, Participle) sing, singer, behold - Strongs: H7891 (שׁוּר)
Nf ) ris (סהיר ShYR) - Song: KJV (90): song, musick, singing, musical, sing, singers - Strongs: H7892 (שִׁירָה)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
noun [masculine] only Plural construct אַשְׁרֵי happiness, blessedness of 1 Kings 10:8 32t. and with suffix, see below; abstract intensive exclamation O happiness, blessedness of, אַשְׁרֵי אֲנָשֶׁיךָ אַשְׁרֵיעֲבָדֶיךָ אֵלֶּה happy thy men, happy these thy servants; 1 Kings 10:8 (= 2 Chronicles 9:7); אַשְׁרֵי אֱנוֺשׁ יוֺכִיחֶנּוּאֱלוֺהַּ blessed the man whom Eloah correcteth Job 5:17; אַשְׁרֵי תְמִימֵי דֶרֶךְ blessed the perfect in way Psalm 119:1; אַשְׁרֵי בָנָיו אַחֲרָיו blessed his children after him Proverbs 20:7; elsewhere construct with אָדָם Psalm 32:2; Psalm 84:6; Psalm 84:13; Proverbs 3:13; Proverbs 8:34; Proverbs 28:14; with הַגֶּבֶר Psalm 34:9; Psalm 40:5; Psalm 94:12; Psalm 127:5; (הָ)אִישׁ Psalm 1:1; Psalm 112:1; אֱנוֺשׁ Isaiah 56:2; הַגּוֺי Psalm 33:12; הָעָם Psalm 89:16; Psalm 144:15 (twice in verse); before participle Psalm 2:12; Psalm 32:1; Psalm 41:2; Psalm 84:5; Psalm 106:3; Psalm 119:2; Psalm 128:1; Isaiah 30:18; Daniel 12:12; before verbal clauses without relative Psalm 65:5; Proverbs 8:32; with שֶֿׁ Psalm 137:8; Psalm 137:9; Psalm 146:5; with suffix אַשְׁרֶיךָ (for אֲשָׁרֶיךָ) O thy happiness ! Deuteronomy 33:29; Psalm 128:2; אַשְׁרֵיךְ Ecclesiastes 10:17; אַשְׁרֵיכֶס Isaiah 32:20; אַשְׁרָיו Proverbs 14:21; Proverbs 16:20; אַשְׁרֵהוּ Proverbs 29:18 (on these forms see Ges§ 93, R. 1, E).
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
אֶשֶׁר m. happiness, found only in plur. constr. אַשְׁרֵי, where it has the force of an interjection, as אַשְׁרֵי הָאִישׁ pr. O the happiness of the man, i.e. “O happy man!” Psal. 1:1 Psal. 2:12 Psal. 32:1, Psalms 32:2, 33:12. By an ellipsis of the relative we must understand the passage Psalms 65:5, אַשְׁרֵי תִבְחַר “happy (is he whom) thou choosest.” With Aff. אַשְׁרֶיךָ “happy (art) thou!” Deuteronomy 33:29. אַשְׁרֵיךְ (for אַשְׁרַיִךְ) Ecclesiastes 10:17 אַשְׁרָיו Proverbs 14:21, and אַשְׁרֵהוּ (for אַשְׁרֵיהוּ) Proverbs 29:18 אַשְׁרֵיכֶם Isaiah 32:20. As to the contracted plural of segolate nouns, such as אַשְׁרֶיךָ (for אֲשָׁרֶיךָ) see Lehrg. P. 575, 576, and indeed in this word the shorter form arises from its use in exclamation. So in German in announcing good news: biel Glück! In Greek and Latin, τριςμακάριος, τριςόλβιος, τριςευδαίμων, terque quaterque beatus.
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.