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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #1637 - ἔλαιον

Transliteration
élaion
Phonetics
el'-ah-yon  
Word Origin
from the same as (1636)
Parts of Speech
Noun Neuter
TDNT
2:470,221
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. olive oil
    1. for fuel for lamps
    2. for healing the sick
    3. for anointing the head and body at feasts
    4. mentioned among articles of commerce
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 3323 ‑ יִצְהָר (yits‑hawr');  4887 ‑ מְשַׁח (mesh‑akh');  5480 ‑ סוּךְ (sook);  8081 ‑ שֶׁמֶן (sheh'‑men);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (11) NAS (11) HCS (11)
Matthew 3
Mark 1
Luke 3
Hebrews 1
James 1
Revelation 2
Matthew 3
Mark 1
Luke 3
Hebrews 1
James 1
Revelation 2
Matthew 3
Mark 1
Luke 3
Hebrews 1
James 1
Revelation 2
BYZ TIS TR
N-ASN 6
N-DSN 3
N-GSN 2
N-ASN 6
N-DSN 2
N-GSN 2
N-ASN 6
N-DSN 3
N-GSN 2
NA WH
N-ASN 4
N-DSN 2
N-GSN 2
T-ASN 1
V-PAPNSM 1
N-ASN 6
N-DSN 3
N-GSN 2


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἔλαιον, τό,

(ἐλαία)

I olive-oil, in Hom. mostly anointing-oil, used after the bath, λοεσσαμένω καὶ ἀλειψαμένω λίπ' ἐλαίῳ Il. 10.577, cf. 14.171, 18.350, etc.; before wrestling and other gymnastic exercises, πωλησεῦντι τὸ ἔ. εἰς τὸ γυμνάσιον IG 12(1).3 (Rhodes); ἔ. θεῖναι to provide oil at the baths, ib.4.597,606 (Argos): prov., πῦρ ἐλαίῳ κοιμίσαι Lyr.Alex.Adesp. 8 (a); ἐλαίῳ πῦρ κατας βεννύναι Luc. Tim. 44; εὐῶδες ἔ. Od. 2.339; ῥοδόεν (rose-scented) Il. 23.186; ἔ. ῥόδινον Hp. Mul. 2.135; ἔ. λευκον ib. 136; τοῦ λευκοτάτου πάντων ἐ. Σαμιακοῦ Antiph. 331.

II any oily substance, ἔ. χήνειον Hp. Mul. 2.194; κίκινον, ἀμυγδάλινον ἔ., etc., Dsc. 1.32,33, etc.; ῥαφάνινον ἔλαιον PAmh. 2.93 (ii A.D.), etc.; ἔ. ἀπὸ σελαχῶν, like our 'cod-liver oil ', Arist. HA 520a18; ἔ. ἀπὸ γάλακτος butter, Hecat. 154 J.

III at Athens, oil-market, ἀναμενῶ σε.. πρὸς τοὔλαιον Men. 896.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἔλαιον, ἐλαίου, τό (from Homer down), the Sept. chiefly for שֶׁמֶן, also for יִצְהָר; olive-oil: used for feeding lamps, Matthew 25:3f, 8; for healing the sick, Mark 6:13; Luke 10:34; James 5:14; for anointing the head and body at feasts (Athen. 15, c. 11) (cf. under the word μύρον), Luke 7:46; Hebrews 1:9 (on which passage see ἀγαλλίασις); mentioned among articles of commerce, Luke 16:6; Revelation 6:6; Revelation 18:13. Cf. Winers RWB, under the word Oel; Furrer in Schenkel 4:354; Schnedermann, Die Biblical Symbolik des Oelbaumes u. d. Oeles, in the Zeitschr. f. d. luth. Theol. for 1874, p. 4ff; (B. D., under the word , II. 4; and Meyer edition Weiss on Mark 6:13).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἔλαιον , -ου , τό ,

[in LXX chiefly for H8081;]

olive-oil: Luke 16:6, Revelation 6:6; Revelation 18:13; for lamps, Matthew 25:3-4; Matthew 25:8; for healing, Mark 6:13, Luke 10:34, John 5:14; for anointing at feasts, Luke 7:46, Hebrews 1:9 (LXX).†

SYN.: μύρον G3464, ointment, v. Tr., Syn., 135.


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For . = ";olive-oil,"; it is sufficient to cite P Par 43.4 (B.C. 154) καλῶς ποιήσεις ἀποστεῖλαί μοι ἡμίχουν ἐλαίου, P Oxy I. 91.14 (receipt of wages for nursing—A.D. 187) ὑπὲρ τροφείων καὶ ἐλαίου καὶ ἱματισμοῦ, P Grenf II. 77.36 (iii/iv A.D.) (= Selections, p. 122) where arrangements are made that a man conveying a dead body should be entertained ἐν ψωμίοις καὶ [οἰ ]ν ̣αρίῳ καὶ ἐλαίῳ, and the Christian letter P Heid 6.21 (iv/A.D.) (= Selections, p. 127) καταξίωσον δέξεσθαι τὸ μικρὸν ἐλέου διὰ τοῦ ἀδελφοῦ ἡμῶν Μαγαρίου. The word is used = ";olive-tree"; in P Petr I. 29.7 (iii/B.C.) τὸ δὲ ἔλαιον δέδωκεν χοῦς ς ̄. For ἐλαιοκάπηλος, see PSI IV. 372.5 (B.C. 250–49), and for ἐλαιουργεῖον, ib. 438.6 (iii/B.C.).

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ελαιον έλαιον έλαιόν ἔλαιον ελαιου ελαίου ἐλαίου ελαιω ελαιώ ελαίω ἐλαίῳ elaio elaiō elaíoi elaíōi elaion élaion elaiou elaíou
Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, January 22nd, 2019
the Second Week after Epiphany
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