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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #1638 - ἐλαιών
- an olive orchard, a place planted with olive trees
- Mount of Olives
ἐλαι-ών, ῶνος, ὁ,
I olive-yard, PCair.Zen. 57.2 (iii B.C.), LXX Exodus 23:11, al., Str. 16.4.14, Ph. 2.289, Gp. 3.11.1.
II the Mount of Olives, Olivet, Acts 1:12, al., J. AJ 7.9.2.
† ἐλαιών , -ῶνος , ὁ
(< ἐλαία ),
[in LXX for H2132;]
olive-grove, olive-garden (so in FlJ and in Papyri; Deiss., BS, 209 ff.; MM, Exp., iii; M, Pr., 49, 69, 235): Luke 19:29; Luke 21:37 (WH, -ῶν ; v. their App., 158; Field, Notes, 73; El., § 10, 5; 33, 1; Thayer, s.v.), Acts 1:12 (where EL, ll c., proposes the conjectural emendation ἐλαιῶν for -ῶνος ).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Deissmann (BS p. 208 ff.) has sufficiently demonstrated against Blass (Gr. pp. 32, 64, 85) the reality of this word : see also Proleg. pp. 49, 69, 235, and add from the recently published P Ryl II. 130.9 (A.D. 31) εἰς τὸν ὑπάρχοντά μοι. . .. ἐλαιῶνα, 138.9 (A.D. 34) εἰς τὰ νεώφυτα τῶν ἐλαιώνων, ";into the young plantations in the olive-yards"; (Edd.), 152.11 (A.D. 42) ἐν ἐλαιῶ (νι) Θερμουθαρίου, also P Lond 214.10 (A.D. 270–5) (= II. p. 161, Chrest. I. p. 209) εἰς ἀμπελικὸν χωρίον καλούμενον Ἐλαιῶνα. The formation is a favourite one, as φοινικών, ";palmgrove"; (P Amh II. 31.3 al.–B.C. 112, P Gen I. 38.5–A.D. 207–8), καμηλών, ";camel-shed"; (P Oxy III. 507.26–A.D. 169, 533.22–ii/iii A.D.). The specializing of the —ών suffix (";place of. . .";, as in ἀνδρών, γυναικών, κοιτών, etc.) for groves is found in δαφνών, ἀμπελών, φηγών, πιτυών, μηλών, κυπαρισσών, συκών, Ἑλικών (";willow mountain";)—the last a specially good parallel for Ἐλαιών, if the etymology is sound. Cf. Brugmann Kurze Vergl. Gramm. § 414, and Moulton Gr. ii. § 61 (b).
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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