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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #1636 - ἐλαία
- an olive tree
- an olive, the fruit of an olive tree
I Att. ἐλάα, ἡ,
1. olive-tree, Hom., esp. in Od., 11.590, al.; ἱερὴ ἐ. 13.372, cf. Pi. O. 3.13, Hdt. 8.55, S. OC 701 (lyr.), etc.; ἡμέρη ἐλαίη Hdt. 5.82 (opp. ἀγρία ἐ. or κότινος) φέρεσθαι ἐκτὸς τῶν ἐλαῶν to run beyond the olives, which stood at the end of the Athenian racecourse, i.e. to go too far, Ar. Ra. 995, ubi v. Sch.; of the Indian Olea cuspidata, Thphr. HP 4.4.11.
2. variety of δάφνη 111, ib. 4.7.2, Str. 16.3.6.
II olive, Ar. Ach. 550, Pl. R. 372c, D. 18.262, Dsc. 1.119, etc. — Acc. to Gramm. ἐλάα was the proper form in this sense, ἐλαία in the first; but ἐλάα is simply the Att. form, cf. IG 12.94.33, 2.476.21, 1055.36 (also PHal. 1.98 (iii B.C.), etc.).
III naevus on the skin, Melamp. p.508F. = δίφρου Κυρηναϊκοῦ μέρος, Hsch. [In ἐλάα, the penult. is long, E. Fr. 360.46, Ar. Ach. 550, Pax 578, Av. 617, etc.; but ἐλᾰῶν in Alex. 261.3 (where perh. ἐλῶν — ἐλᾶς is acknowledged by Ael.Dion. Fr. 162, and found in PRyl. 97.7 (ii A.D.), ἐλᾶν in 130.11 (i A.D.) — should be restored), and ᾰ in ἐλάη, AP 4.2.12 (Phil.), 6.102 (Id.).]
(Attic, ἐλάα ), -ας , ἡ ,
[in LXX for H2132;]
1. an olive tree: Romans 11:17; Romans 11:24, Revelation 11:4; τ . ὄρος τῶν ἐ . (H2132 H2022, Zechariah 14:4), the Mount of Olives: Matthew 21:1; Matthew 24:3; Matthew 26:30, Mark 11:1; Mark 13:3; Mark 14:26, Luke 19:37; Luke 22:39; τὸ καλούμενον ἐ . (T, ἐλαιών , q.v.), Luke 19:29; Luke 21:37.
2. an olive (Aristoph.): James 3:12.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
In the magical spell for casting out demons, P Par 574.1229 (iii/A.D.) (= Selections, p. 113), the instruction is given–βάλε ἔμπροσθεν αὐτοῦ κλῶνας ἐλαίας, ";place before him (i.e. the possessed one) branches of the olive-tree."; See also CP Herm I. 28.14 ἐλαῖα [ι ] ἐσκορπισμέναι ζωφυτοῶσαι ζ ̄. The word refers to the fruit, as in James 3:12, in P Hib I. 49.8 (c. B.C. 257) ὅπως ἂν ἐμβάληται τὰς ἐλαίας εἰς βίκους, P Fay 130.16 (iii/A.D.) κεράμιν ἐλεῶν (l. ἐλαιῶν), P Oxy XII. 1494.16 (early iv/A.D.) ἀγοράσω ἐλέας κνίδια π ̣αλεά, ";I will buy some old jars of olives"; (Edd.), where the sense is collective as in the next exx. For contracted forms from a nom. ἐλάα, see P Ryl II. 97.7 (A.D. 139) τὸν δὲ κατασπασμὸν τῆς ἐλᾶς ποησόμεθα, ";we will perform the gathering of the olives,"; ib. 130.11 (A.D. 31) ἐτρύγησαν ἐκ τῶν καρπῶν οὐκ ὀλίγην ἐλᾶν, ";they gathered of the fruits a quantity of olives,"; and ib. 231.4 (A.D. 40) τὴν ἐλᾶν. In PSI IV. 438.8 (iii/B.C.) νυνεὶ δ᾽ ἐλαία γέγονεν τῆι κ ́ς ̄, ἐλαία seems = ";gathering of olives."; The adj. ἐλάϊνος is found e.g. in P Ryl II. 138.11 (A.D. 34) φυτὰ ἐλάϊνα διακώσια, and ἐλαϊκός e.g. in P Fay 91.18 (A.D. 99) ἐ ]λ ̣α ̣ι ̣̈́κ ̣οὺς καρπούς. MGr ἐλι ̰ά.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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