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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #1636 - ἐλαία

Transliteration
elaía
Phonetics
el-ah'-yah
Root Word (Etymology)
from a presumed derivative from an obsolete primary
Parts of Speech
feminine noun
TDNT
None
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ἔλαιον
Definition   
Thayer's
  1. an olive tree
  2. an olive, the fruit of an olive tree
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2132 ‑ זַיִת (zah'‑yith);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (15)
Matthew 3
Mark 3
Luke 4
John 1
Romans 2
James 1
Revelation 1
NAS (16)
Matthew 3
Mark 3
Luke 2
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Romans 4
James 1
Revelation 2
CSB (13)
Matthew 3
Mark 3
Luke 2
John 1
Romans 2
James 1
Revelation 1
BSB (15)
Matthew 3
Mark 3
Luke 4
John 1
Romans 2
James 1
Revelation 1
ESV (15)
Matthew 3
Mark 3
Luke 4
John 1
Romans 2
James 1
Revelation 1
WEB (14)
Matthew 3
Mark 3
Luke 4
John 1
Romans 2
Revelation 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἐλαία,

I Att. ἐλάα, ἡ,

1. olive-tree, Hom., esp. in Od., 11.590, al.; ἱερὴ ἐ. 13.372, cf. Pi. O. 3.13, Hdt. 8.55, S. OC 701 (lyr.), etc.; ἡμέρη ἐλαίη Hdt. 5.82 (opp. ἀγρία ἐ. or κότινος) φέρεσθαι ἐκτὸς τῶν ἐλαῶν to run beyond the olives, which stood at the end of the Athenian racecourse, i.e. to go too far, Ar. Ra. 995, ubi v. Sch.; of the Indian Olea cuspidata, Thphr. HP 4.4.11.

2. variety of δάφνη 111, ib. 4.7.2, Str. 16.3.6.

II olive, Ar. Ach. 550, Pl. R. 372c, D. 18.262, Dsc. 1.119, etc. Acc. to Gramm. ἐλάα was the proper form in this sense, ἐλαία in the first; but ἐλάα is simply the Att. form, cf. IG 12.94.33, 2.476.21, 1055.36 (also PHal. 1.98 (iii B.C.), etc.).

III naevus on the skin, Melamp. p.508F. = δίφρου Κυρηναϊκοῦ μέρος, Hsch. [In ἐλάα, the penult. is long, E. Fr. 360.46, Ar. Ach. 550, Pax 578, Av. 617, etc.; but ἐλᾰῶν in Alex. 261.3 (where perh. ἐλῶν — ἐλᾶς is acknowledged by Ael.Dion. Fr. 162, and found in PRyl. 97.7 (ii A.D.), ἐλᾶν in 130.11 (i A.D.) should be restored), and in ἐλάη, AP 4.2.12 (Phil.), 6.102 (Id.).]

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἐλαία, ἐλαίας, (from Homer down), the Sept. for זַיִת;

1. an olive tree: Romans 11:17, 24; plural Revelation 11:4. τό ὄρος τῶν ἐλαιῶν (for הַזֵּיתִים הַר, Zechariah 14:4), the Mount of Olives, so called from the multitude of olive-trees which grew upon it, distant from Jerusalem (Josephus, Antiquities 20, 8, 6) five stadia eastward (cf. Winers RWB, under the word Oelberg; Arnold in Herzog x., p. 549ff; Furrer in Schenkel iv. 354f; (Grove and Porter in BB. DD.)): Matthew 21:1; Matthew 24:3; Matthew 26:30; Mark 11:1; Mark 13:3; Mark 14:26; Luke 19:37; Luke 22:39; John 8:1 Rec.; (on Luke 19:29; Luke 21:37, see ἐλαιῶν).

2. an olive, the fruit of the olive-tree: James 3:12.


Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἐλαία

(Attic, ἐλάα ), -ας , ,

[in LXX for H2132;]

1. an olive tree: Romans 11:17; Romans 11:24, Revelation 11:4; τ . ὄρος τῶν ἐ . (H2132 H2022, Zechariah 14:4), the Mount of Olives: Matthew 21:1; Matthew 24:3; Matthew 26:30, Mark 11:1; Mark 13:3; Mark 14:26, Luke 19:37; Luke 22:39; τὸ καλούμενον ἐ . (T, ἐλαιών , q.v.), Luke 19:29; Luke 21:37.

2. an olive (Aristoph.): James 3:12.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

In the magical spell for casting out demons, P Par 574.1229 (iii/A.D.) (= Selections, p. 113), the instruction is given–βάλε ἔμπροσθεν αὐτοῦ κλῶνας ἐλαίας, ";place before him (i.e. the possessed one) branches of the olive-tree."; See also CP Herm I. 28.14 ἐλαῖα [ι ] ἐσκορπισμέναι ζωφυτοῶσαι ζ ̄. The word refers to the fruit, as in James 3:12, in P Hib I. 49.8 (c. B.C. 257) ὅπως ἂν ἐμβάληται τὰς ἐλαίας εἰς βίκους, P Fay 130.16 (iii/A.D.) κεράμιν ἐλεῶν (l. ἐλαιῶν), P Oxy XII. 1494.16 (early iv/A.D.) ἀγοράσω ἐλέας κνίδια π ̣αλεά, ";I will buy some old jars of olives"; (Edd.), where the sense is collective as in the next exx. For contracted forms from a nom. ἐλάα, see P Ryl II. 97.7 (A.D. 139) τὸν δὲ κατασπασμὸν τῆς ἐλᾶς ποησόμεθα, ";we will perform the gathering of the olives,"; ib. 130.11 (A.D. 31) ἐτρύγησαν ἐκ τῶν καρπῶν οὐκ ὀλίγην ἐλᾶν, ";they gathered of the fruits a quantity of olives,"; and ib. 231.4 (A.D. 40) τὴν ἐλᾶν. In PSI IV. 438.8 (iii/B.C.) νυνεὶ δ᾽ ἐλαία γέγονεν τῆι κ ́ς ̄, ἐλαία seems = ";gathering of olives."; The adj. ἐλάϊνος is found e.g. in P Ryl II. 138.11 (A.D. 34) φυτὰ ἐλάϊνα διακώσια, and ἐλαϊκός e.g. in P Fay 91.18 (A.D. 99) ]λ ̣α ̣ι ̣̈́κ ̣οὺς καρπούς. MGr ἐλι ̰.

 


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ελαια ελαία ἐλαίᾳ ελαιαι ελαίαι ἐλαῖαι ελαίαν ελαιας ελαίας ἐλαίας ελαϊνον ελαιολογήσης Ελαιων ελαιών Ἐλαιῶν elaia elaiai elaíāi elaîai elaias elaías Elaion Elaiôn Elaiōn Elaiō̂n
 
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