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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #5344 - נָקַב

Transliteration
nâqab
Phonetics
naw-kab'  
Word Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
1409
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) to pierce, perforate, bore, appoint

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to pierce, bore

1a2) to prick off, designate

1b) (Niphal) to be pricked off, be designated, be specified

2) (Qal) to curse, blaspheme

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1291 ‑ διαστέλλω (dee‑as‑tel'‑lom‑ahee);  2028 ‑ ἐπονομάζω (ep‑on‑om‑ad'‑zo);  2672 ‑ καταράομαι (kat‑ar‑ah'‑om‑ahee);  1941 ‑ ἐπικαλέω (ep‑ee‑kal‑eh'‑om‑ahee);  4863 ‑ συνάγω (soon‑ag'‑o);  3687 ‑ ὀνομάζω (on‑om‑ad'‑zo);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (25) NAS (18) HCS (19)
Genesis 1
Leviticus 2
Numbers 3
2 Kings 2
1 Chronicles 2
2 Chronicles 2
Ezra 1
Job 4
Proverbs 2
Isaiah 2
Amos 1
Habakkuk 1
Haggai 1
Genesis 1
Leviticus 1
Numbers 1
2 Kings 2
1 Chronicles 2
2 Chronicles 2
Ezra 1
Job 2
Isaiah 2
Amos 1
Habakkuk 1
Haggai 1
Genesis 1
Leviticus 3
Numbers 1
2 Kings 2
1 Chronicles 2
2 Chronicles 2
Ezra 1
Job 2
Isaiah 2
Amos 1
Habakkuk 1
Haggai 1
BYZ TIS TR
v-np3cp 5
v-qPms 2
v-qi3ms 1
v-qp2ms 1
v-qsmp 1
v-qsms 1
p-i1cs 1
v-np3cp 4
v-qPms 2
v-qi3ms 1
v-qp2ms 1
v-qsmp 1
v-qsms 1
p-i1cs 1
v-np3cp 4
v-qPms 2
v-qi3ms 1
v-qp2ms 1
v-qsmp 1
v-qsms 1
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2430) bqn (נקב NQB) AC: Pierce CO: Hole AB: ?: [from: bq]

V) bqn (נקב NQB) - Pierce: To make a hole by piercing. Also to curse in the sense of piercing through. KJV (25): (vf: Paal, Niphal) curse, express, blaspheme, bore, name, pierce, appoint, hole, strike - Strongs: H5344 (נָקַב)

Nm) bqn (נקב NQB) - Hole: KJV (1): pipe - Strongs: H5345 (נֶקֶב)

Nf1) ebqn (נקבה NQBH) - Female: As with a hole. KJV (22): female, woman, maid - Strongs: H5347 (נְקֵבָה)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2020
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 I. [נָקַב] verb pierce (Late Hebrew id.; SI1.1.4 הנקבה the piercing, boring through; Aramaic נְקַב, id; נֶקְכָּא hole, etc.; Sinaitic proper name, masculine נקבו Eut 441,2, נקיבו Eut99,2; 153,2 (Lzb325. 326 Cook33); Assyrian na‡bu, depth, spring of water; Arabic perforate, pierce, scrutinize, etc., sagacity, etc.; leader, chief (one who scrutinizes)); —

Qal Perfect 3 feminine singular suffix נְקָבָהּ 2 Kings 18:21; Isaiah 36:6; 2 masculine singular נָקַבְתָּ; Habakkuk 3:14; Imperfect יִנְקָבֿ Job 40:24, וַיִּקֹּב 2 Kings 12:10; suffix יִקָּבֶ֑נּוּ Isaiah 62:2; 2 masculine singular תִּקֹּב Job 40:26; Imperative masculine singular נָקְבָה Genesis 30:28; Passive participle נָקוּב Haggai 1:6; plural construct נְקֻבֵי; Amos 6:1; —

1 pierce, bore with accusative 2 Kings 18:21 = Isaiah 36:6; Habakkuk 3:14 (all in figure), Job 40:24; Job 40:26; with accusative of congnate meaning with verb + ב, וַיִּקֹּב חֹר בְּרַלְתּוֺ 2 Kings 12:10 and he bored a hole in its lid; צְרוֺר נָקוּב Haggai 1:8 a bag pierced, i.e. with a hole in it.

2 prick off, designate, wages Genesis 30:28 (J), name Isaiah 62:2 (׳י subject; compare

Niph`al); passive participle noted, distinguished Amos 6:1.

Niph`al Perfect 3 plural in phrase (אֲשֶׁר) נִקְּבוּ בְשֵׁמוֺת who were pricked off, designated, by name Numbers 1:17; 1 Chronicles 12:32 (31van d. H), 1 Chronicles 16:41; 2 Chronicles 28:3; 31:19, compare Ezra 8:20.

II. [נָקַב] verb curse (perhaps akin to I. נקב perhaps secondary formative from קָבַב, q. v. for forms יִקֹּב, קֹב, etc.); —

Qal Infinitive suffix נָקְבוֺ שֵׁם Leviticus 24:16; Participle ׳נֹקֵב שֵׁם י Leviticus 24:16 (on text see Di, Gei Urschrift 274 Dalm Adonal 44 f.).

I. נקד ( √ of following; Late Hebrew נָקַד point, furnish with points; compare Syriac (very rare) PS2453; noun but also point, mark; verbs perhaps denominative; Arabic point or dot (letter, word, etc.), II. make specks, spots, on garment, etc., probably loan-word Frä195; Di Lex. 648 compare Ethiopic be decayed, worm-eaten (of wood, bread, etc.)).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

נָקַב fut. יִקֹּב and יִנְקֹב prop. to hollow out, to excavate (like the cogn. יָקַב, קָבַב, also כָּוַו or כָּוָה, כָּפַף, which see for more instances). Hence

(1) to bore (a hole), 2 Kings 12:10, followed by an acc. to perforate (Arab., Eth., Syr., Chald., id.), Job 40:24, 26 Job 40:26 2 Kings 18:21; Haggai 1:6, צְרוֹר נָקוּב “a bag with holes in it.” Also to thrust through (with a spear), Habakkuk 3:14, נָקַבְתָּ רֹאשׁ פְּרָזָו “thou didst thrust through the heads of their leaders.” See the derived nouns.

(2) to separate, to distinguish; and hence to declare distinctly, to specify, to call by name (compare פָּרַשׁ No. 1, 2), Genesis 30:28 נָקְבָה שְׂכָֽרְךָ עָלַי “specify to me thy wages;” Isaiah 62:2. Part. pass. נְקֻבִים the named, i.e. the chiefs, nobles of the people, as if it were אַנְשֵׁי שֵׁמוֹת Amos 6:1, opp. to the common people, בְּלִי שֵׁם Job 30:8 (compare 1 Chronicles 12:31). Arab. نقيب a leader, commander, prince.

(3) to curse (prop. to pierce, like سبّ to cut, to bore; metaph. to curse), e.g. the name of God, Leviticus 24:11, 16 Leviticus 24:16, נֹקֵב שֵׁם יְיָ מוֹת יוּמָת “he that curseth the name of Jehovah shall surely die” (from this place has arisen the superstitious idea of the Jews that it is forbidden to pronounce (No. 2) the name of Jehovah, see יְהֹוָה ); Numbers 23:8, 25 Numbers 23:25; Job 3:8, 5:3 Proverbs 11:26.

Niphal, pass. of No. 2, to be called by name (compare Arab. لَقَّب to name, n and l being interchanged), Numbers 1:17, “these men אֲשֶׁר נִקְּבוּ בֵּשֵׁמוֹת who were called by their names;” 1 Chronicles 12:31, 16:41 2 Chronicles 28:15, 31:19.

From the primary signification of hollowing out is נֶקֶב socket for a gem, מַקֶּבֶת a stone quarry; from the idea of boring through are נְקֵבָה, קֹבָה, from that of striking through is מַקָּבָה a hammer.

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List of Word Forms
אֶקֹּ֔ב אקב בְּנָקְבוֹ־ בנקבו־ וְנֹקֵ֤ב וַ֠יִּקֹּב וַיִּקֹּ֥ב וָאֶקּ֖וֹב וּנְקָבָ֑הּ ואקוב ויקב ונקב ונקבה יִנְקָב־ יִקְּבֻ֣הוּ יִקְּבֻ֥הוּ יִקֳּבֶֽנּוּ׃ ינקב־ יקבהו יקבנו׃ נְקֻבֵי֙ נִקְּב֖וּ נִקְּב֥וּ נִקְּב֨וּ נִקְּבוּ֙ נָקְבָ֧ה נָקַ֤בְתָּ נָקֽוּב׃ נקבה נקבו נקבי נקבת נקוב׃ תִּקּ֥וֹב תִקֳּבֶ֑נּוּ תקבנו תקוב ’eq·qōḇ ’eqqōḇ bə·nā·qə·ḇōw- benakvoakv bənāqəḇōw- ekKo nā·qaḇ·tā nā·qə·ḇāh nā·qūḇ naKavta nakeVah naKuv nāqaḇtā nāqəḇāh nāqūḇ nə·qu·ḇê nekuVei nəquḇê nikkeVu niq·qə·ḇū niqqəḇū tikKov tikkoVennu ṯiq·qo·ḇen·nū tiq·qō·wḇ ṯiqqoḇennū tiqqōwḇ ū·nə·qā·ḇāh unekaVah ūnəqāḇāh vaekKov vaiyikko venoKev wā’eqqōwḇ wā·’eq·qō·wḇ way·yiq·qōḇ wayyiqqōḇ wə·nō·qêḇ wənōqêḇ yikkeVuhu yikkoVennu yin·qāḇ- yinkov yinqāḇ- yiq·qə·ḇu·hū yiq·qo·ḇen·nū yiqqəḇuhū yiqqoḇennū
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