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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
1 Corinthians 12

 

 

Other Authors
Verse 1

concerning. App-104.

spiritual. Greek. pneumatikos. It is the adjective of pneuma (App-101), and is applied to things in the Divine sphere, as well as to those in Satan"s realm (Ephesians 6:12). It is put in contrast with that which is natural, as in 1 Corinthians 3:1; 1 Corinthians 15:44. in 1 Corinthians 10:3, 1 Corinthians 10:4 "supernatural" would express the meaning. It occurs twenty-six times and is always translated "spiritual", and is the only word so rendered, except in 1 Corinthians 14:12, which see. Supply things instead of gifts.

I would, &c. See Romans 1:13. This is the fifth occurance of this expression.


Verse 2

know. App-132.

Gentiles. Greek. ethnos.

carried = led. Greek. apago. First occurance: Matthew 7:13.

unto. App-104.

these. Omit.

dumb. Greek. aphonos. See Acts 8:32. Compare Psalms 115:5. Isaiah 46:7. Jeremiah 10:5.

even as ye were = as ye chanced to be. The popularity of different gods waxed and waned. Compare Deuteronomy 32:17. 2 Chronicles 28:23.

led. First occurance: Matthew 10:18 (brought).


Verse 3

give you to understand = make known to you. Greek. gnorizo.

no man = no one. Greek. oudeis.

speaking. App-121.

by = in. App-104.

Spirit of God. Greek. pneuma Theou. The new nature. App-101.

God. App-98.

calleth, &c. = saith "accursed Jesus". This was probably a form of renunciation.

Jesus. App-98.

accursed. Greek. anathema. See Acts 23:14.

that Jesus is the Lord. The texts read simply "Lord Jesus".

Lord. App-98.

but = if not. Greek. ei me.

Holy Ghost. App-101. This means acknowledging Him as Lord and Master (Romans 10:9), not mere lip-service.


Verse 4

diversities. Greek. diairesis. Only here and verses: 1 Corinthians 12:5-6. Compare hairesis, 1 Corinthians 11:19.

gifts. App-184.

Spirit. App-101. In these verses: 1 Corinthians 12:4-6 we have the Spirit, the Son, and the Father working.


Verse 5

differences. Same as "diversities", 1 Corinthians 12:4.

administrations = services. App-190.


Verse 6

operations = workings. Greek. energema. Only here and 1 Corinthians 12:10.

worketh. Greek. energeo. See Romans 7:5.

all in all. i.e. all the gifts in all the members. Figure of speech Ellipsis. App-6.

in. App-104. Note the Figure of speech Symploke in these three verses: each beginning with "diversities", and ending the sentence with "the same".


Verse 7

manifestation. Greek. phanerosis. Only here and 2 Corinthians 4:2. Compare App-106. .

every man = each one.

to profit withal = for (Greek. pros. App-104.) profiting, i.e. for the profit of others.


Verse 8

by = through. App-104. 1 Corinthians 12:1.

word. App-121.

another. App-124.

knowledge. App-132.

by = according to. App-104.


Verse 9

another. App-124.

faith. App-150. Compare Galatians 1:5, Galatians 1:22. Ephesians 2:8.

healing. Greek. iama. Only here and verses: 1 Corinthians 12:28, 1 Corinthians 12:30. Compare Luke 6:17.


Verse 10

working. See 1 Corinthians 12:6.

miracles. App-172and App-.

discerning. Greek. diakrisis. See Romans 14:1. Hebrews 5:14. Compare App-122.

spirits. App-101.

kinds. Greek. genos, as in 1 Corinthians 14:10.

interpretation. Greek. hermeneia. Only here and 1 Corinthians 14:26.


Verse 11

selfsame = same.

dividing = distributing. Greek. diaireo. Only here and Luke 15:12. Compare the noun diairesis, verses: 4-6.

severally = in His own way.

will. App-102.


Verse 12

that one. The texts read "the".

so also, &c. = so is Christ also.

Christ = the Christ. App-98.


Verse 13

are = were.

baptized. App-115. It is the Lord who baptizes in pneuma hagion. See John 1:33. Note that "by" is "in" (Greek. en) and "Spirit" has no art.

into. App-104.

Gentiles = Greeks.

bond = slaves. App-190.

have been = were.

into. Greek. eis, as above, but the texts omit, probably because of the difficulty of the expression; but eis may be rendered "at", as in Acts 8:40; Acts 18:22; Acts 20:14-16, &c., the gifts of the Spirit being regarded as a fountain. Compare John 4:14.


Verse 15

If. App-118.

the = a.

of. App-104.

therefore = on account of (Greek. para. App-104.) this.


Verse 17

If. App-118.

smelling. Greek. osphresis. Only here.


Verse 18

hath. Omit.

set. Same word us "ordain" in John 15:16.

every = each.

as it hath, &c. = as He pleased, or purposed. App-102. Compare 1 Corinthians 15:38.


Verse 21

cannot = is not (Greek. ou) able to.

unto = to.

no. App-105.


Verse 22

Nay = But.

to be. i.e. naturally. Greek. huparcho. See Luke 9:48.


Verse 23

less honourable. Greek. atimos. See 1 Corinthians 4:10.

bestow. Literally put around. Greek. peritiheim. See first occurance: Matthew 21:33.

uncomely. Greek. aschemon. Only here.

comeliness. Greek. euschemosune. Only here.


Verse 24

comely. Greek. euschemon. See Acts 13:50.

hath. Omit.

tempered . . . together = mingled together, or compounded. Greek. sunkerannumi. Only here and Hebrews 4:2.

lacked = came short. Greek. hustereo. See Romans 3:23.


Verse 25

That = In order that. Greek. hina.

schism. Greek. schisma. See 1 Corinthians 1:10.

should have the same care = should care (Greek. merimnao. See 1 Corinthians 7:32) the same.

one for another = on behalf of (Greek. huper. App-104.) one another.


Verse 26

whether = if at least. Greek. eite. Compare App-118.

suffer with it = suffer together. Greek. sumpascho. Only here and Romans 8:17.

or. Greek. eite, as above.

honoured = glorified. See 1 Corinthians 6:20. with it = together.


Verse 27

the body. There is no art. because soma is the predicate. Compare 1 Corinthians 3:16.

in particular. Greek. ek (App-104.) merous. The meaning is "Each in his part", as Revised Version m.


Verse 28

church. App-186.

apostles . . . prophets. App-189.

teachers. Greek. didaskalos. App-98. 1 Corinthians 12:4.

miracles = powers. Greek. dunamis, as in 1 Corinthians 12:10. Here it means "workers of miracles".

helps. Greek. antilepsis. Only here in NT., but found in the Septuagint, Psalms 83:8; &c, and in the Papyri.

governments. Greek. kubernesis. Only here in N.T., but found in the Septuagint. The word means "guidance". Compare Acts 27:11.

diversities = (different) kinds. Greek. genos. Not the same word as in verses: 1 Corinthians 12:12, 1 Corinthians 12:4-6.


Verse 29

Are. All these seven questions are introduced by me (App-105).

workers of. There is no word for "workers". Figure of speech Ellipsis. App-6.


Verse 30

interpret. Greek. diermeneuo. See Acts 9:36.


Verse 31

covet earnestly. Greek. zeloo. See Acts 7:9.

best. The texts read "greater".

more excellent. Literally according to (Greek. kata. App-104.) excellence. See Romans 7:13.

 


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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 1 Corinthians 12:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/1-corinthians-12.html. 1909-1922.

Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, October 22nd, 2019
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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