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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
1 Corinthians 4

 

 

Other Authors
Verse 1

man. App-123.

so. This emphasizes the "as" which follows.

account = reckon. Greek. logizomai.

ministers. App-190.

Christ. App-98.

stewards. Greek. oikonomos. Occurs ten times. Always translated "steward", except Romans 16:23 and Galatians 1:4, Galatians 1:2. See Luke 16:1.

mysteries. Greek. musterion. App-193. To Paul were committed various secrets. See 1 Corinthians 15:51. Romans 11:25. 2 Thessalonians 2:7. 1 Timothy 3:9, 1 Timothy 3:16.

God. App-98.


Verse 2

Moreover = For the rest. Same as "besides" (1 Corinthians 1:16).

required = sought.

in = among. App-104.

that = in order that. Greek. hina.

a man = one. App-123.

faithful. App-150.


Verse 3

with = for.

a very small = the least.

judged = examined. App-122.

of = by. App-104.

man"s judgment. Literally man"s day. The day in which man is examining, and "judging", and God is silent.

man"s. Greek. anthropinos, as in 1 Corinthians 2:4, 1 Corinthians 2:13.

yea, &c. = I do not even (Greek. oude) judge.


Verse 4

know = am conscious of. Greek. sunoida. See Acts 5:2

nothing. Greek. oudeis.

by = against. No preposition.

not. App-105.

hereby = in (Greek. en) this.

justified. App-191.

the Lord. App-98.


Verse 5

judge. App-122.

nothing = not (Greek. me. App-105) anything (Greek. tis).

before. App-104.

time = season. t

he Lord. App-98.

bring to light. Greek. photizo. See Luke 11:36

make manifest. App-106.

counsels. Greek. boule. App-102.

shall every, &c. Literally praise shall be to each one.

of = from. App-104.


Verse 6

I have in a figure transferred. Greek. metaschematizo. Elsewhere translated "transform", 2 Corinthians 11:13, 2 Corinthians 11:14, 2 Corinthians 11:15; and "change", Philippians 1:3, Philippians 1:21.

to = unto. App-104.

for your sakes = on account of (Greek. dia. App-104. 1 Corinthians 4:2) you.

above. App-104.

is = has been.

no one . . . one. Literally ye be not (Greek. me) puffed up, one on behalf of (Greek. huper. App-104.) the one.

puffed up. Greek. phusioo. Elsewhere, 1 Corinthians 4:18-19; 1 Corinthians 5:2; 1 Corinthians 8:1; 1 Corinthians 13:4. Co 1 Corinthians 1:2, 1 Corinthians 1:18.

against. App-104.

another = the other. App-124.


Verse 7

maketh . . . to differ. App-122. Note the change from plural in 1 Corinthians 4:6 to the singular here.

if. App-118.

glory = boast, as in 1 Corinthians 1:29.

as if thou hadst not = as not (Greek. me) having.


Verse 8

Now = Already. Notice the Figure of speech Amplificatio (App-6).

are full = have been filled. Greek. koremnumi. See Acts 27:38.

without = apart from. This is an instance of Irony (App-6).

would to God. Greek. ophelon, from opheilo, to owe. Used to express a wish; also in 2 Corinthians 11:1. Galatians 1:5, Galatians 1:12. Revelation 3:15.

reign with. Greek. sumbasileuo. Only here and 2 Timothy 2:12.


Verse 9

hath. Omit.

set forth. Greek. apodeiknumi. See Acts 2:22.

apostles. App-189.

last. They were the successors of the prophets in this. Acts 7:52.

appointed to death. Greek. epithanatios. Only here.

spectacle. Greek. theatron. In Acts 19:29, Acts 19:31, it means the place. It was also used for the actors, and the spectators.

unto = to.

world. Greek. kosmos. App-129.

and = both.


Verse 10

fools. Greek. moros, as in 1 Corinthians 1:25, 1 Corinthians 1:27.

honourable. Greek. endoxos. Elsewhere translated "gorgeously", Luke 7:25, and "glorious" in Luke 13:17. Ephesians 5:27.

despised. Greek. atimos. Elsewhere, 1 Corinthians 12:23. Matthew 13:57. Mark 6:4.


Verse 11

Even unto = Up to, or until. Greek. achri.

this = the.

present. Greek. arti = now.

are naked = are scantily clothed. Greek. gumneteuo. Only here.

are buffeted. Greek. kolaphizo. Here, Matthew 26:67. Mark 14:65. 2 Corinthians 12:7. 1 Peter 2:20.

have no certain dwellingplace. Greek. astateo = to be a wanderer. Only here.


Verse 12

working, &c. See Acts 18:3; Acts 20:34. 1 Thessalonians 2:9. 2 Thessalonians 3:8.

reviled. Greek. loidoreo. See John 9:28.


Verse 13

defamed. Greek. blasphemeo. But some texts read dusphemeo.

intreat. App-134.

filth = sweepings. Greek. perikatharma. Only here.

offscouring. Greek. peripsema. Only here.

unto this day. Literally until now. Greek. heos arti.


Verse 14

I write, &c. Literally Not as putting you to shame do I write these thing.

shame. Greek. entrepo. Occurs elsewhere, Matthew 21:37. Mark 12:6. Luke 18:2, Luke 18:4; Luke 20:13. 2 Thessalonians 3:14. Titus 2:8. Hebrews 12:9, all in middle sense, meaning "to feel shame", and so "to reverence", as in the Gospels.

beloved. App-135.

sons = children. App-108.

warn. Greek. noutheteo. See Acts 20:31.


Verse 15

thought = if. App-118. b

have = should have.

instructers. Greek. paidagogos. Only here and Galatians 1:3, Galatians 1:24, Galatians 1:25.

Christ Jesus. App-98.

have begotten = begat. Greek. gennao. Compare Philemon 1:10.

gospel. App-140.


Verse 16

Wherefore = On account of (App-104. 1 Corinthians 4:2) this.

beseech. Greek. parakaleo, as in 1 Corinthians 4:13.

be = become.

followers = imitators. Greek. mimetes. Elsewhere, 1 Corinthians 11:1. Ephesians 5:1. 1 Thessalonians 1:6; 1 Thessalonians 2:14. Hebrews 6:12. 1 Peter 3:13.


Verse 17

For this cause = On account of (Greek. dia. App-104. 1 Corinthians 4:2) this.

sent. App-174.

Timotheus. See 1 Corinthians 16:10.

bring you into remembrance = remind you. Greek. anamimnesko. Elsewhere, Mark 11:21; Mark 14:72. 2 Corinthians 7:15. 2 Timothy 1:6. Hebrews 10:32.

which be. Omit.

as = even as.

church. App-186.


Verse 18

some. App-124.

would not come = were not coming.

to = unto. App-104.


Verse 19

shortly = quickly.

if. App-118.

will. Greek. thelo. App-102.

know. i.e. find out and expose. App-132.

speech = word. App-121.

power. App-172.


Verse 20

kingdom of God. App-114. No verb in the sentence. Supply "is established". Figure of speech Ellipsis. App-6.

word. Greek. logos as in 1 Corinthians 4:19.


Verse 21

unto. Greek. pros, as in verses: 1 Corinthians 4:18-19. This verse is an example of Figure of speech Anocoenosis. App-6.

with = in. Greek. en, as in 1 Corinthians 4:2. Compare Luke 22:49, where en is translated "with".

rod. Greek. rabdos. Translated four times "staff", twice "sceptre" (Hebrews 1:8). Compare Revelation 2:27; Revelation 12:5; Revelation 19:15. See also 2 Samuel 7:14. Psalms 2:9.

love. App-135.

spirit. App-101.

meekness. Greek. prautes. Compare App-127. Occurs elsewhere, 2 Corinthians 10:1. Galatians 1:5, Galatians 1:23; Galatians 6:1. Ephesians 4:2. Colossians 3:12. 1 Timothy 6:11. 2 Timothy 2:25. Titus 3:2. James 1:21. James 3:13. 1 Peter 3:15.

 


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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 1 Corinthians 4:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/1-corinthians-4.html. 1909-1922.

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