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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
1 Corinthians 7

 

 

Verse 1

concerning. App-104.

the things whereof = what things.

ye wrote. The Corinthians had written a letter, but carefully avoided any reference to the disorders among themselves. These had been reported by the members of Chloe"s family (1 Corinthians 1:11, 1 Corinthians 1:12), and the scandal referred to in 1Co 5was a common report, which was perhaps made known by Stephanas and others (1 Corinthians 16:17). But see Hebrews 13:4.

unto = to.

man. App-123.


Verse 2

Nevertheless = But.

to avoid = on account of. App-104. 1 Corinthians 7:2.

every = each.

husband. App-123.


Verse 3

benevolence. Greek. eunoia. Only here and Ephesians 6:7; but instead of "due benevolence", all the texts read "the debt", Greek. opheile, which Occurs elsewhere only in Matthew 18:32. Romans 13:7.

also the wife = the wife also.


Verse 4

hath . . . power. Greek. exousiazo. See 1 Corinthians 6:12.

not. App-105.


Verse 5

Defraud. Greek. apostereo, as in 1 Corinthians 6:7. Here, deprive

one the other = one another.

except. Greek. ei me.

with = from. App-104.

consent. Greek. sumphonos. Only here. Compare Acts 5:9.

time = season.

that = in order that. Greek. hina.

give yourselves to = have leisure for. Greek. scholazo. Only here and Matthew 12:44. Compare Acts 19:9 (school).

fasting and. All the texts omit.

prayer. App-134.

together. Greek. epi to auto. See Acts 1:15; Acts 2:1.

for = on account of. App-104. 1 Corinthians 7:2.

incontinency. Greek. alcrasia. Only here and Matthew 23:25.


Verse 6

by = according to. App-104.

permission. Greek. sungnome. Only here.

commandment. Greek. epitage. See Romans 16:26.


Verse 7

would. App-.

proper. Greek. idios. Same as "own" in verses: 1 Corinthians 7:7, 1 Corinthians 7:1, 1 Corinthians 2:4, 1 Corinthians 2:37.

gift. App-184.

of = from. App-104.

God. App-98.

after this manner . . . after that. Greek. houtos . . . houtos.


Verse 8

I say therefore = But I say.

unmarried. Greek. agamos. Only here, verses: 1 Corinthians 7:11, 1 Corinthians 7:32, 1 Corinthians 11:34.

if. App-118.

abide = remain. Greek. meno. Seep. 1511.


Verse 9

if. App-118.

cannot contain = have not (Greek. ou) self-control. Greek. engkrateuomai. Only here and 1 Corinthians 9:25. Compare Acts 24:25. Titus 1:8. Occurs in Septuagint Genesis 43:31. 1 Samuel 13:12 (forced).

burn. Greek. puroomai. Elsewhere, 2 Corinthians 11:29. Ephesians 6:16. 2 Peter 3:12. Revelation 1:15; Revelation 3:18.


Verse 10

command. Greek. parangello. See Acts 1:4.

yet, &c. Figure of speech Epanorthosis. App-6.

Lord. App-98. Compare Matthew 5:32.

Let not the wife. Literally That the wife should not.

depart = be separated. Greek. chorizo. In Matthew 19:6, put asunder.

from. App-104.


Verse 11

remain = abide, as in 1 Corinthians 7:8.

reconciled. Greek. katallasso. See Romans 5:10.

put away = send away. Greek. aphiemi. App-174.


Verse 12

the rest. App-124.

any. App-123.

a wife, &c. = an unbelieving (Greek. apistos, as in 1 Corinthians 6:6) wife.

be pleased. Greek. suneudokeo. See Acts 8:1.

dwell. Greek. oikeo. See Romans 7:17.


Verse 13

an husband, &c. = an unbelieving (as in 1 Corinthians 7:12) husband.

if. Omit.

leave. Greek. aphiemi, as in 1 Corinthians 7:11. The same tense and voice, and should therefore be rendered "send away". The absolutely equal rights of husband and wife are insisted on throughout the chapter. See verses: 1 Corinthians 7:3, 1 Corinthians 7:5, &c.

him. All the texts read "her husband".


Verse 14

sanctified. Greek. hagiazo. See John 17:17, John 17:19.

by = in. App-104.

husband. All the texts read "brother", i.e. believer, or Christian brother.

else = since otherwise.

children. App-108.

unclean. Compare Peter"s use of this word in Acts 10:14, Acts 10:28.

holy. Greek. hagios. This, as contrasted with "unclean", must be in the same ceremonial sense, but there maybe a thought of the dedication of the child to God by the believing parent, and the influence he or she would exercise upon it.


Verse 15

is not under bondage = has not been enslaved (App-190.)

in. App-104.

to = in, as above. Peace is the atmosphere of the Christian calling, and should decide all the problems of life. Compare 1 Corinthians 14:33. Romans 12:18. 2 Corinthians 13:11. Colossians 3:15.


Verse 16

knowest. App-132.

whether = if. App-118.

man = husband, as above. Here are the Figures of speech Antimetathesis and Apostrophe. App-6.


Verse 17

But. Greek. ei me, as 1 Corinthians 7:5.

God . . . the Lord. These should be transposed. Compare 1 Corinthians 1:9. Romans 8:30. Galatians 1:1, Galatians 1:15. Ephesians 4:4. 1 Thessalonians 2:12. 2 Thessalonians 2:13, 2 Thessalonians 2:14; 2 Timothy 1:9.

distributed = divided, or imparted. Greek. merizo. Occurs fourteen times. Always translated divided, except here, 1 Corinthians 7:34. Romans 12:3. 2 Corinthians 10:13. Hebrews 7:2.

every one. Same as "every man".

ordain = appoint. Greek. diatassomai. See Acts 7:44.

churches. App-186.


Verse 18

Is = Was.

any man, any = any (one). Greek. tis. App-123.

being = having been.


Verse 19

nothing. Greek. oudeis. Compare Galatians 1:5, Galatians 1:6; Galatians 6:15.

keeping = guarding. Greek. teresis. This is the Figure of speech Ellipsis (App-6). Supply "is every thing", or "is alone important".


Verse 20

same. Omit.

wherein = in (Greek. en) which. The order in the Greek is, "Each one in the calling in which he was called, in this let him remain".


Verse 21

Art = Wast.

servant = slave. App-190.

care, &c. = let it not be a care to thee.

mayest = canst.

be made = become.

use. Greek. chraomai. See Acts 27:3.


Verse 22

is = was.

Lord. App-98.

freeman = absolutely free. Greek. apeleutheros, a much stronger word than "free" in 1 Corinthians 7:21. Only here.

also. Omit.

Christ"s. App-98.


Verse 23

are = were.

bought. See 1 Corinthians 6:20.


Verse 24

therein = in (Greek. en) this.

with. Greek. para. App-104.


Verse 25

no = not. Greek. ou. App-105.

judgment = opinion. App-177.

obtained mercy. See 1 Timothy 1:13, 1 Timothy 1:16.

of = by. App-104.

faithful. App-150and App-.


Verse 26

suppose = reckon. Greek. nomizo. See Luke 3:23. Acts 14:19.

is. Greek. huparcho. See Luke 9:48.

present. Greek. enistemi. See Romans 8:38.

distress = need. Greek. anangke. Compare Luke 21:23.


Verse 27

bound. Greek. deo, not doudoe, as in 1 Corinthians 7:15

to be loosed = release. Greek. lusis. Only here.

loosed. Greek. pass, of luo.


Verse 28

But and = Moreover.

hast not = wouldst not have.

sinned. App-128.

hath not = would not have.

trouble = tribulation. Greek. thlpsis. See Acts 7:10, and compare Matthew 24:19-21.

spare. Greek. pheidomai. See Acts 20:29.


Verse 29

time = season.

short = shortened, or contracted. Greek. sustello Only here and Acts 5:6. Compare 1 John 2:18.

it remaineth = as for the rest it is. See "besides" in 1 Corinthians 1:16.

though they had none = not (Greek. me) having (any).


Verse 30

possessed. Greek. katecho, to hold fast. Compare 1 Corinthians 15:2.


Verse 31

world. Greek. kosmos. App-129.

abusing = using to the full. Greek. katachraomai. Only here und 1 Corinthians 9:18. The force of kata is intensive. Compare katesthio, devour, eat up (2 Corinthians 11:20). See Colossians 3:2. 1 John 2:15.

fashion. Greek. schema. Only here and Philippians 1:2, Philippians 1:8. Compare Psalms 39:6.

passeth away. Greek. parago. Compare 1 John 2:17, where the same word is used.


Verse 32

have you = that you should be.

without carefulness = free from anxiety. Greek. amerimnos. Only here and Matthew 28:14.

careth. Gr merimnao. Occurs twelve times in the Gospels translated "take thought", save Luke 10:41 (be careful); four times in this chapter; 1 Corinthians 12:25. Philippians 1:2, Philippians 1:20; Philippians 4:6.

that belong to = of. App-17.


Verse 33

that are. Omit.


Verse 34

There is, &c. The texts vary here. See Revised Version.

There is difference between. Greek. merizo, as in 1 Corinthians 7:17 (distributed).

body = the body.

spirit = the spirit. App-101.


Verse 35

profit. Greek. sumphero. Same as "expedient" (1 Corinthians 6:12).

snare. Greek. brochos. Only here. Something to hamper or fetter.

that which is comely = decorum or propriety. Greek. euschemon. See Acts 13:50.

that ye may attend = for devoted attention. Greek. euprosedros. The texts read euparedros, with the same meaning. Only here.

without distraction. Greek. aperispastos. Only here. The verb penspaomai is used in Luke 10:40 (cumber).


Verse 36

think. Same as "suppose", 1 Corinthians 7:26.

behaveth, &c. = acts unseemly. Greek. aschemoneo. Only here and 1 Corinthians 13:5.

virgin, i.e. virgin daughter.

pass, &c. = be of full age. Greek. huperakmos. Only here.

need so require = it ought to be so.


Verse 37

stedfast. Greek. hedraios. Elsewhere, 1 Corinthians 15:58. Colossians 1:23.

having no = not (Greek. me, as 1 Corinthians 7:1) having.

necessity = constraint. Greek. anangke, as in 1 Corinthians 7:26.

power = authority. Greek. exousia. App-172.

over = concerning. Greek. peri, as in 1 Corinthians 7:1.

will. App-102.

decreed = decided, or judged. App-122.


Verse 38

giveth . . . in marriage. Greek. ekgamizo. Elsewhere, Matthew 22:30; Matthew 24:38. Luke 17:27.


Verse 39

by the law. The texts omit.

as long as = for (Greek. epi. App-104.) such time as.

be dead. App-171.

at liberty = free, as in verses: 1 Corinthians 7:21-22.


Verse 40

after = according to. App-104.

Spirit of God = Divine spirit. App-101.

 


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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 1 Corinthians 7:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/1-corinthians-7.html. 1909-1922.

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