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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
1 Peter 3

 

 

Verse 1

be in subjection = submit, as 1 Peter 2:13.

husbands. App-123.

that = in order that. Greek. hina.

if. App-118.

any. Plural of tis. App-123.

obey not = are disobedient to. Greek. apeitheo. See 1 Peter 2:7.

word. App-121.

also. Read as "even", before "if", "even if".

won = gained. Greek. kerdaino. See Acts 27:21. Compare Matthew 18:15.

by = through. App-104. 1 Peter 3:1.

conversation. See 1 Peter 1:15.


Verse 2

While, &c. = Having beheld. App-133.

chaste. Greek. hagnos. See 2 Corinthians 7:11.

coupled with = in. App-104.

fear. Here used in the sense of reverence. Compare Ephesians 5:33, where the verb is used.


Verse 3

adorning. Greek. kosmos. Elsewhere translated "world". See App-129.

that, &c. = the outward one.

plaiting. Greek. emploke. Only here.

wearing = putting around. Greek. perithesis. Only here. Referring to putting coronets, bracelets, &c, round the head, arms, &c.

gold = gold (ornaments).

putting on. Greek. endusis. Only here.


Verse 4

man. App-123. "The hidden man" means "the inward man" of Romans 7:22. 2 Corinthians 4:16. Ephesians 3:16.

that which, &c. the incorruptible (Greek. aphthartos. See Romans 1:23). Supply "ornament" again here.

meek App-127.

quiet. See 1 Timothy 2:2.

spirit. App-101.

God. App-98.

of great price. See 1 Timothy 2:9.


Verse 5

after this, &c. = thus in the old time = thus once.

trusted = hoped.

adorned = used to adorn (Imperfect). Greek. kosmeo. See 1 Timothy 2:9.

unto = to.


Verse 6

Even. Omit.

lord. Greek. kurios. Compare App-98.

daughters = children. App-108.

are = are become.

do well. See 1 Peter 2:15.

any = no. Greek. medeis. A double negative here.

amazement = terror. Greek. ptoesis. Only here. The verb ptoeomai Occurs: Luke 21:9; Luke 24:37.


Verse 7

dwell with. Greek. sunoikeo. Only here.

according to. App-104.

knowledge. App-132.

giving = dispensing. Greek. aponemo. Only here. In the Septuagint in Deuteronomy 4:19 (divided). The word nemo is not found in N.T., but is frequent in the Septuagint of feeding cattle and sheep.

honour. This is part of the wife"s daily portion.

wife. Greek. gunaikeios. Only here. An adjective.

the, &c. Read "the female vessel as weaker".

heirs together. See Romans 8:17.

grace. App-184.

life. App-170.

that = to the end that. App-104.

prayers. App-134.

hindered. Greek. enkopto. See Acts 24:4.


Verse 8

of one mind. Greek. homophron. Only here. Compare Romans 12:16; Romans 15:5. 2 Corinthians 13:11. Philippians 1:2, Philippians 1:2; Philippians 3:16; Philippians 4:2.

having . . . another = sympathetic. Greek. sumpathes. Only here. The verb sumpatheo occurrence Hebrews 4:15; Hebrews 10:34.

love, &c. = loving as brethren. Greek. philadelphos. Only here. Compare 1 Peter 1:22.

pitiful. Greek. eusplanchnos. Only here and Ephesians 4:32.

courteous. Greek. philophron. Only here. Compare Acts 28:7. But the texts read "humbleminded". Greek. tapeinophron, nowhere else in N.T. Compare 1 Peter 5:5.


Verse 9

evil. App-128.

railing. Greek. loidoria. See 1 Timothy 5:14. Compare 1 Peter 2:23. 1 Corinthians 5:11.

contrariwise. See 2 Corinthians 2:7.

knowing. The texts omit and read "for ye", &c.

are = were.

thereunto = unto (App-104.) this.


Verse 10

will. App-102.

love. App-135.

see. App-133.

refrain = cause to cease. Greek. pauomai.

that, &c = not (App-105) to speak (App-121)

guile. See 1 Peter 2:1, 1 Peter 2:22.


Verse 11

eschew = turn away (Greek. ekklino. See Romans 3:12) from (1 Peter 3:10).

ensue = pursue.


Verse 12

LORD. App-98.

righteous. App-191.

prayers. App-134.

against. App-104. The reference in verses: 1 Peter 3:10-12 is to Psalms 34:12-16.


Verse 13

harm = ill-treat. Greek. kakoo. Acts 7:6.

if. App-118.

be = become.

followers = imitators. Gr. mimetes. See 1 Corinthians 4:16, but the texts read zelotes, as in Acts 21:20.


Verse 14

for, &c. = on account of (App-104. 1 Peter 3:2) righteousness (App-191.)

happy. Greek. makarios. Genitive translation "blessed".


Verse 15

sanctify. i.e. separate. Give Him His right place.

the LORD God. The texts read "the Christ as Lord". There is no art. before Lord, which shows that it is the predicate. Compare Romans 10:9. Philippians 1:2, Philippians 1:6. The quotation is from Isaiah 8:12, Isaiah 8:13.

always. App-151.

to give = for. App-104.

answer. Greek. apologia. See Acts 22:1.

asketh. App-134.

a reason = an account. App-121.

of = concerning. App-104.

meekness. Greek. praiutes. See James 1:21. Compare 1 Peter 3:4.


Verse 16

a good conscience. See Acts 23:1.

whereas = in (App-104.) what.

speak evil. Greek. katalaleo. See James 4:11.

evildoers. See 1 Peter 2:12.

be ashamed. See 1 Peter 2:6.

falsely accuse = calumniate. Greek. epereazo. Also in Matthew 5:44. Luke 6:28.

Christ. App-98. IX


Verse 17

will. App-102.

be so = should will. App-102.

for, &c. = as well doers (1 Peter 3:6).

for, &c. = - as evildoers. Greek. kakopoieo. See Mark 3:4.


Verse 18

hath. Omit.

suffered. The texts read "died".

for = concerning. App-104.

sins. App-128.

Just. App-191.

bring. See Acts 16:20.

in the flesh = in flesh. No art. or preposition. Dative case.

quickened. See Romans 4:17.

by the Spirit = in spirit. No preposition. (Dative case), and though the Authorized Version has the art. it is rejected by all the texts. App-101. The reference is to the resurrection body, and the contrast is between His condition when He was put to death and when He rose from the dead.


Verse 19

By which = In (Greek. en) which (condition).

also, &c. = having gone, He even preached.

preached = heralded. App-121. Not the Gospel, which would be App-121. He announced His triumph.

spirits. App-101. These were the angels of Genesis 6:2, Genesis 6:4. See App-23, where 2 Peter 2:4 and Jude 1:6 are considered together with this verse.


Verse 20

wherein = into (App-104.) which.

souls. App-110.

were saved = (entered and) were saved. Figure of speech Ellipsis. App-6.


Verse 21

The like figure, &c. Literally Which (i.e. water; the relative, being neuter, can only refer to the word "water") being antitypical (Greek. antitupos, here and Hebrews 9:24).

baptism. App-115.

also, &c. = now save you (all the texts read "you") also.

putting away. Greek. apothesis. Only here and 2 Peter 1:14.

filth. Greek. rupos. Only here. Compare J as. 1 Peter 1:21.

answer = inquiry, or seeking. Greek. eperotema. Only here. The verb erotao (App-134.) and eperotao (Acts 1:6) always mean "to ask".

conscience. See Acts 23:1.

toward. App-104.

resurrection. App-178.

Jesus Christ. App-98.


Verse 22

is = having.

heaven. Singular. See Matthew 6:9, Matthew 6:10.

and. Omit.

authorities. App-172. Compare Ephesians 1:21; Ephesians 3:10; Ephesians 6:12. Colossians 2:10, Colossians 2:15. Titus 3:1.

powers. App-172. Compare Matthew 24:29. Romans 8:38. 1 Corinthians 15:24. 2 Thessalonians 1:7. 2 Peter 2:11.

 


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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 1 Peter 3:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/1-peter-3.html. 1909-1922.

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