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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
2 Corinthians 3

 

 

Verse 1

Do we, &c. = Are we to begin.

again. He had done so in 1Co 9.

commend. Greek. sunistano. See on Romans 3:5.

some. Greek tines. App-124.

epistles, &c. = commendatory (Greek. sustatikos. Only here) letters. Compare Acts 18:27.

to. Ge. pros. App-104,

from. Greek. ek. App-104. Question preceded by me.


Verse 2

written. Cr. engrapho. Only here and 2 Corinthians 3:3.

in. Greek. en, App-104.

known. Greek ginosko. App-132.

read. Greek anaginosko. There is a Paronomasia here, App-6.

of = by. Greek. hupo. App-104.

men. App-123.


Verse 3

manifestly declared = manifested. Greek. phaneroo. App-106.

Christ. App-08.

ministered. Greek diakaneo. App-190.

by. Greek. hupo, as in 2 Corinthians 3:2.

not. Greek. ou. App-105.

with. No Preposition. Dative case.

ink. Greek. melan. Only here, 2 John 1:12. 3 John 1:13.

Spirit. App-101.

God. App-98.

tables of stone = stone tables.

tables. Greek. plax. Only here and Hebrews 9:4.

fleshy. Greek. sarkinos. This word refers to the substance or material and carries no moral significance. Compare Hebrews 7:16, where the texts read as here.


Verse 4

trust = confidence. Greek. pepoithesis. App-130.,

through. Greek. dia. App-104.

Christ = the Christ.

to God-ward = toward (Greek. pros. App-104.)

God.


Verse 5

of = from. Greek. apo. App-104.

think = reckon. Greek logizomai. See the frequent occurance in Rom 4, count, reckon, &c.

any thing. Greek. tis. App-123.,

of. Greek. ek. App-101.

sufficiency. Greek. hikanotes. Only here.

of. Greek. ek, as above.


Verse 6

also. Road after "ministers".

hath made us able = enabled us, or made us efficient as. Greek. hikanoo. Only here and Colossians 1:12.

ministers. Greek. diakonos. App-190.

the = a.

new. Greek. kainos. See Matthew 9:17.

testament = covenant. Greek. diatheke. See Matthew 26:28. This is the covenant of Jeremiah 31:31. Compare Hebrews 8:6-13.

the. Omit.

letter. Greek. gramma. This is the Sinaitic covenant, called "theministration of death" in 2 Corinthians 3:7.

spirit. The old covenant could not give life. It was like a dead body, for lack of the spirit (James 2:26). Compare John 6:63. Christ is the Spirit of the new covenant. See 2 Corinthians 3:17,

giveth life = quickeneth. Greek. zoopoieo. See Romans 8:11 and 1 Corinthians 15:45.


Verse 7

if. App-118.2, a.

ministration. Greek. diakonia. App-190.

written = in (Greek. en. App-104.) letters. See 2 Corinthians 3:6.

engraven. Greek. entupoo. Only here.

was = came to be.

glorious = in (Greek. en) glory.

children = sons. Greek. huios. App-108.

not. Greek. me. App-106.

stedfastly behold gaze upon. Greek. atenizo. App-133. Followed by the Greek eis (App-104.)

Moses. Occurs three times in this Epistle, here, on 2 Corinthians 13:15.

for = on amount of. Greek. dia. App-104. 2 Corinthians 3:2.

to be done away = being done away. Greek. katargeo. See Romans 3:3.


Verse 8

not. Greek. ouchi. App-105.


Verse 9

condemnation. Greek. katakrisis. Only here and 2 Corinthians 7:3. See App-122.

righteousness. Gs. dikaiosune. App-191.


Verse 10

made glorious = glorified. Greek. doxazo. See p. 1511.

had no glory = was not glorified, as above.

excelleth. Greek. huperballo. Occurs here, 2 Corinthians 9:14, Ephesians 1:19; Ephesians 2:7; Ephesians 3:19.


Verse 11

glorious = through (Greek. dia. App-104. 2 Corinthians 3:1) glory.

remaineth. Greek. meno. See p. 1511.

glorious = in (Greek. en) glory.


Verse 12

Seeing . . . have = Having then.

use. Greek chraomai. See Acts 27:3,

great = much.

plainness of speech = outspokenness. Greek. parrhesia. Often translated boldly, or freely.


Verse 13

vail. Greek kalununa. Only here and in verses: 2 Corinthians 3:14, 2 Corinthians 3:15, 2 Corinthians 3:16.

over = upon. Greek. epi. App-104. See Exodus 34:33.

that, &c. = with a view to (Greek. pros. App-104.) the children of Israel"s not gazing to the end.

to. Greek. eis. App-104.

abolished = being done away, as in 2 Corinthians 3:7.


Verse 14

minds = thoughts. Greek. noema. See 2 Corinthians 2:11.

blinded = hardened. Greek. poroo. Sea Romans 11:7, Romans 11:26 (poroeis).

this day = to-day. Greek. semeron.

untaken away = not (Greek. me. App-105) unveiled, or revealed (Greek. anakalupto, unveil, only here and 2 Corinthians 3:18). This should follow "old testament". It means, "it being not revealed that it is done away" (Revised Version m.)

in. Greek. epi. App-104.

reading. Greek. anagnosis. See Acts 13:15.

old testament = old covenant. The only place where the term is used. The usual designation is "the law", or "Moses" (2 Corinthians 3:15).

which vail = that (Greek. hoti) it.


Verse 15

when. Greek. henika. Only here and 2 Corinthians 3:16.

is = lieth.

upon. Greek. epi. App-104.


Verse 16

it. i.e. the heart of Israel.

turn. Greek. epistrepho. Often translated "return", or be converted". See Matthew 13:15. John 12:40. Acts 3:19; Acts 28:27.

Lord. App-98.

taken away. Greek periaireo. See Acts 27:20.


Verse 17

Lord. App-98.

that = the.

Spirit. App-101. Compare 2 Corinthians 3:6.


Verse 18

open = unveiled. See 2 Corinthians 3:14. Here is the contrast. Moses alone beheld and reflected the Shekinah glory, we all behold and reflect the Lord"s glory.

beholding . . . glass = reflecting, as Revised Version. Greek. katoptrizo. Only here.

changed = transformed. Greek. metamorphoomai. See Mark 9:2.

image. Greek. eiken. Compare Romans 8:29. Co 2 Corinthians 1:3, 2 Corinthians 1:10. . Greek. apo. App-104.

by = from, Greek. apo.

the Spirit of the Lord = the Lord the Spirit. The word "Spirit" is in the Genitive of Apposition. App-17. See 2 Corinthians 3:6.

 


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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Corinthians 3:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-corinthians-3.html. 1909-1922.

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