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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
2 Corinthians 8



Other Authors
Verse 1

do you to wit = make you to know. Greek. gnorizo. Compare 1 Corinthians 12:3.

grace. App-184.

God. App-98.

on. Greek. en App-104.

churches. App-186.

Verse 2

in. Greek. en, as above.

trial. Greek. dokime. See Romans 5:4.

affliction. Greek. thlipsis. See 2 Corinthians 8:14.

deep poverty. Lit, poverty according to (Greek. kata. App-104.) depth.

unto. Greek. eis. App-104.

liberality. Greek. haplotes. The adjective haplous means single-minded, not self-seeking.

Verse 3

to = according to. Greek kata. App-104.

power. Greek. dunamis. App-172.

bear record = testify. Greek. martureo. See p. 1611.

beyond = above. Greek. huper. App-104. The texts read para.

willing of themselves. Lit, self-chosen. Greek authairetos. Only here and 2 Corinthians 8:17.

Verse 4

Praying = Asking. Greek. deomai. App-134.

with. Greek. meta. App-104.

intreaty = exhortation. Greek. paraklesis. See Acts 4:36, and Acts 13:15,

that we would receive. The texts omit, and read, "asking of us the gift and fellowship".

gift = grace. As in 2 Corinthians 8:1

ministering = ministry. Greek. diakonia, App-190.

to = unto. Greek. eis. App-104.

saints. See Acts 9:13.

Verse 5

not. Greek. ou. App-105.

Lord. App-98.

unto = to.

by = through. Greek. dia. App-104. 2 Corinthians 8:1.

will. Greek. thelema. App-102.

Verse 6

Insomuch, &c. Literally Unto (Greek. eis) our exhorting (Greek. parakaleo. App-134.)

that = in order that. Greek. hina.

begun = begun before. Greek. proenarchomai. Only here and 2 Corinthians 8:10.

also finish = finish also.

finish. Greek. epiteled. App-125.

in = unto. Greek. eis, as above.

the same = this.

Verse 7

Therefore = But, or Moreover.

faith. Greek. pistis. App-160.

utterance = ward. Greek. logos. App-121.,

knowledge. Greek. gnosis. App-132.

diligence. Greek. spoude. See 2 Corinthians 7:11.

your love to us. Literally the love from (Greek. ek) you in respect of (Greek. en) us.

love. Greek. agape. App-135.

Verse 8

by. Greek. kata. App-104.

commandment. Greek. epitage. See Romans 16:20.

by occasion of. = through. Greek. dia, as in 2 Corinthians 8:5.

forwardness. Same as "diligence" in 2 Corinthians 8:7,

others. Greek. heteros. App-124.

sincerity = genuineness. Greek. gnesios. Occurs elsewhere, Philippians 1:4, Philippians 1:3. 1 Timothy 1:2. Titus 1:4.

Verse 9

know. Greek. ginosko. App-132.

Jesus Christ. App-98.

for your sakes = on account of (Greek. dia. App-106. 2 Corinthians 8:2) you.

became poor. Greek. ptocheuo. Only here. Compare App-127.

Verse 10

herein = in (Greek. en) this.

advice = judgment. App-177.

also, he, to be forward also.

be forward = will. Greek. theta. App-102.

a year ago = from (Greek. apo. App-104, iv) a year ago. Greek. perusi. Only here and 2 Corinthians 9:2.

Verse 11

perform. Samaritan Pentateuch word as "finish", 2 Corinthians 8:6.

doing = doing also.

readiness. Greek. prothumia. See Acts 17:11.

will. Greek. thelo, as 2 Corinthians 8:10

performance = performing, as above.

out of. Greek. ek. App-104.

Verse 12

if. App-118.

be first = is set forth, or set before. Greek. prokeimai. Occ, elsewhere, Hebrews 6:18; Hebrews 6:12, Hebrews 6:1, Hebrews 6:2. Jude 1:7.

willing mind. Same as "readiness", 2 Corinthians 8:11.

accepted. Greek. euprosdektos. See Romans 15:16.

that = whatsoever.

Verse 13

other men be eased = there should be ease or rest (Greek. anesis. See Acts 24:23) to others (Greek. allos. App-124.)

ye burdened = to you affliction, as in 2 Corinthians 8:2.

Verse 14

by = out of. Greek. ek. App-104.

equality. Greek. isotes. Only here and Colossians 4:1.

now at this time = in (Greek. en) the present season.

for. Greek. eis. App-104.

want. Greek. husteremia. See 1 Corinthians 16:17.

be = become. In this verse there is an epanodos (App-6).

Verse 15

is = has been.

had nothing over = did not (App-106).

abound. Greek. pleonazo. See 2 Corinthians 4:15.

had no lack = had not (App-105) less (than enough). Greek. elattoneo. Only here. This is quoted almost word for word from the Septuagint Exodus 16:18.

Verse 16

thanks. Greek. charis. App-164.

earnest care. Same as "diligence", 2 Corinthians 8:7.

into = in. Greek. en, App-104,

for. Greek. huper, App-104.

Verse 17

exhortation. Same as "intreaty", 2 Corinthians 8:4.

being. Greek. huparcho, See Luke 9:48.

more forward = more diligent. Greek. comp. of spoudaios. Only here and 2 Corinthians 8:22. Compare verses: 2 Corinthians 8:7-8, 2 Corinthians 7:16.

of his own accord. Greek. authairetos. See 2 Corinthians 8:3.

unto. Greek. pros. App-104.

Verse 18

sent. Greek. sumpempo. App-174. Only here and 2 Corinthians 8:22. gospel. App-140.

throughout. Greek. dia. App-104. 2 Corinthians 8:1. The brother was probably Luke.

Verse 19

also chosen = chosen also.

chosen. Greek. cheirotoneo. See Acts 14:22.

of = by. Greek. hupo. App-104.

to travel with us = as our fellow traveller. Greek. sunekdemos. See Acts 19:29.

with. Greek. sun. App-104. The texts read en.

administered. Greek. diakoneo. App-190.

by. Greek. hupo, as above.

to = with a view to. Greek. pros. App-104. This depends on "chosen". The object of Paul"s having a companion was to avert suspicions, which would tarnish the Lord"s glory by bringing discredit on His servant, and also to remove Paul"s reluctance. Compare 2 Corinthians 8:20.

glory. See p. 1511.

same. The texts omit.

declaration of. Supply the ellipsis by "to show". your. All the texts read "our".

ready mind. Same as "readiness", 2 Corinthians 8:11. Compare 2 Corinthians 8:1,

Verse 20

Avoiding. Greek. stellomai. Only here and 2 Thessalonians 3:6.

that no man = lest (Greek. me) any one (Greek. tis. App-123,),

blame. Greek. momaomai See 2 Corinthians 6:3.

abundance. Greek. hadrotes. Only here.

Verse 21

Providing for. The texts read "For we provide". Greek. pronoeo. See Romans 12:17.

honest. See item. 2 Corinthians 12:17.

Lord. App-98.

also, &c. = in the sight of men also. This is a reply to the charge referred to in 2 Corinthians 12:17.

men. App-123.

Verse 22

diligent. Same as "forward", 2 Corinthians 8:17.

upon = through. No preposition.

confidence. Greek. pepoithesis. App-150.

I have. Supply the ellipsis by "he has". This was the reason of his diligence.

Verse 23

of = on behalf of. Greek. huper, App-104.

partner. Greek. koinonos. See 2 Corinthians 1:7.

fellowhelper. Greek. eeeergos. See, 1 Corinthians 3:9.

concerning = with reference to. Greek. eis. App-104.

messengers, Greek. apostolos. App-189. Here and in Philippians 1:2, Philippians 1:25 used in the general sense.

Christ. App-98.

Verse 24

shew. Greek. endeiknumi. See Romans 2:15.

before. Literally unto (Greek. eis) the face of.

proof, or evidence. Greek. endeixis. See Romans 8:25.

boasting. Greek. kauchesis. See Romans 3:27.

on your behalf = on behalf of (Greek. huper, as above) you.


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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Corinthians 8:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.

Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, November 21st, 2019
the Week of Proper 28 / Ordinary 33
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