corner graphic   Hi,    
ver. 2.0.19.12.07
Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Go to classic.studylight.org/

Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
2 Samuel 19

 

 

Verse 1

Behold. Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6.


Verse 3

as = according as.


Verse 4

covered his face. Symbol of mourning. Occurs only here.

my son . . . my son. Figure of speech Epizeuxis. App-6. Compare 2 Samuel 18:33.


Verse 5

life . . . lives = soul. . . souls. Hebrew. nephesh. App-13and note the Figure of speech Polysyndeton. App-6.


Verse 6

declared = made clear.


Verse 7

Now. Note the Figure of speech Epanadiplosis (App-6), to emphasise the completeness of Joab"s reasoning.

comfortably. Hebrew `al-leb, to the heart. Compare Isaiah 40:2.

the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4.


Verse 8

Israel. Note this name for Absalom"s forces (2 Samuel 17:24, 2 Samuel 17:26; 2 Samuel 18:6, 2 Samuel 18:7).

man. Hebrew. "ish. App-14.

rdrt

rdrs

rdrw5

rdrcf1

rdrr

rdrs

rdrw15

rdrcf1

rdrb

rdrs

rdrw10

rdrcf1


Verse 10

the king. Note the Figure of speech Anadiplosis (App-6), "bringing back the king. And the king".


Verse 13

Art . . . ? Figure of speech Erotesis. App-6.

my bone, &c. : i.e. my near relation = my nephew (2 Samuel 17:20). Son of David"s sister Abigail (1 Chronicles 2:17.)

God. Hebrew. Elohim. App-4.


Verse 15

Gilgal. Here Samuel renewed the kingdom. 1 Samuel 11:14. Compare Joshua 5:9; Joshua 9:6; Joshua 10:6. 1 Samuel 7:16; 1 Samuel 15:33.

to go. Some codices, with one early printed edition, read "to go down". Compare 2 Samuel 19:20.


Verse 16

Shimei. Compare 2 Samuel 16:5

a = the Evidently a prominent Benjamite.


Verse 19

iniquity. Hebrew. ` avah. App-44.


Verse 20

Joseph. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Adjunct) for the two tribes (Ephraim and Manasseh), or for the ten tribes, Israel (Amos 6:6, Amos 6:15; Amos 6:6. Obadiah 1:18. Zechariah 10:6). Compare 2 Samuel 19:43. In Psalms 80:1 with Psalms 81:5, Joseph is put for the twelve tribes.


Verse 21

Abishai. Always impetuous. 1 Samuel 26:8; 1 Samuel 16:9.


Verse 22

What have I to do . . . ? See note on 2 Samuel 16:10.

adversaries. Hebrew Satan.

shall . . . ? Figure of speech Erotesis. App-6.

for do not I . . . ? Figure of speech Erotesis. App-6.


Verse 24

son = grandson.

neither dressed, &c. A symbol and proof of great grief:


Verse 26

I will saddle. Septuagint reads "Saddle for me the ass". A command which Ziba disobeyed, and went off himself instead. But was there only one ass in Jerusalem? See note on 2 Samuel 19:29

to = with.


Verse 28

For all, &c. Some codices, "with one early printed edition, read "When in all the house of my father were none other than dead men".

dead men. Hebrew men of death: i.e. doomed men. Hebrew. "enosh. App-14.

What right . . . ? Figure of speech Erotesis (App-6), to emphasise the free grace of David.

Why speakest . . . ? Figure of speech Erotesis (App-8), to show dissatisfaction with Mephibosheth"s defence. Hence his division of Saul"s estate. See note on 2 Samuel 19:26.


Verse 29

I have said. Compare 2 Samuel 9:10. David Revelation 16:4, and falls back on 2 Samuel 9:10.

Thou and Ziba. Compare 2 Samuel 16:4.

the land: i.e. Saul"s estate.


Verse 30

forasmuch = now that.


Verse 34

How long . . . ? Figure of speech Erotesis. App-6.


Verse 35

can . . . ? . . . can . . . ? Figure of speech Anaphora. App-6.

evil. Hebrew. ra"a". App-44.


Verse 40

all . . . half. A whole-hearted act on the part of Judah: and a half-hearted act on the part of Israel. This explains what follows.


Verse 41

Why . . . ? Figure of speech Erotesis. App-6.

 


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 19:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-samuel-19.html. 1909-1922.

Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, December 7th, 2019
the First Week of Advent
ADVERTISEMENT
Commentary Navigator
Search This Commentary
Enter query in the box below
ADVERTISEMENT
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology