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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
Acts 10

 

 

Other Authors
Verse 1

certain. Greek. tis. App-123.

Caesarea. See note on Acts 8:40.

called = by name.

centurion = a captain over a hundred men. Greek. hekatontarchos. Occurs elsewhere, Acts 10:22; Acts 24:23; Acts 27:1, Acts 27:31. In the Gospels and in nine other places in Acts, the form hekatontarchos is used.

band = cohort. Greek. speira. See Matthew 27:27.

Italian. It would be one levied in Italy.


Verse 2

devout = pious. Greek. eusebes. Here, Acts 10:7; Acts 22:12. 2 Peter 2:9. Not the same as in Acts 2:5; Acts 8:2.

God. App-98.

alms. Greek. eleemosune. See note on Acts 3:2.

people. Greek. laos. See note on Acts 2:47.

prayed. Greek. deomai. App-134.


Verse 3

saw. Greek. eidon. App-133.

vision. Greek. horama, as in Acts 7:31.

evidently = clearly, i.e. objectively. Greek. phaneros.

about = as if.

the ninth hour = 3pm App-165.

unto = to.


Verse 4

And when he looked on him = But gazing at him. Greek. atenizo. App-133. See note on Acts 1:10.

he was afraid, and = and becoming affrighted, he. Greek. emphobos. Here, Acts 22:9; Acts 24:25. Luke 24:5, Luke 24:37. Revelation 11:13.

Lord. Greek. kurios. Used as in John 4:11, where it is rendered "Sir".

prayers. Greek. proseuche. App-134.

memorial. Greek. mnemosunon. Here, Matthew 26:13. Mark 14:9.

before = in the sight of. Greek. enopion.


Verse 5

send. Greek. pempo. App-174.

call for = send for. Greek. metapempo. App-174.

whose surname is = who is surnamed.


Verse 6

He = This one.

lodgeth. Greek. pass, of xenizo, to receive as a guest.

one. Greek. tis. App-123.

tanner. See Acts 9:43.

by the sea side = by the side of the sea. he shall, &c. The texts omit this clause.


Verse 7

And = Now.

spake. Greek. laleo. App-121.

Cornelius. The texts read "him".

household servants. Greek. oiketes. App-190.

waited . . . continually. Greek. proskartereo. See note on Acts 1:14.


Verse 8

when he had declared = having related. Greek. exegeomai. Here, Acts 15:12, Acts 15:14; Acts 21:10. Luke 21:35. John 1:18.

sent. Greek. apostello. App-174. drew nigh = were drawing near.


Verse 9

housetop = house.

pray. Greek. proseuchomai. App-134.

about. Greek. peri. App-104. the sixth hour, i.e. midday. App-165.


Verse 10

very hungry. Greek. prospeinos. Only here.

would have eaten = wished (Greek. ethelo. App-102.) to eat.

eaten. Greek. geuomai, to taste (food understood). Always trans, "taste", except in Acts, here, Acts 20:11; Acts 23:14.

he fell, &c. Literally a trance (Greek. ekstasis) fell upon him. The texts read "came upon him". Ekstasis is sometimes translated "amazement", as in Acts 3:10. It is akin to existemi (Acts 2:7; Acts 8:9, &c). This was not an objective vision, as in the ease of Cornelius.


Verse 11

saw = beheld. Greek. theoreo. App-133.

heaven = the heaven. Matthew 6:9, Matthew 6:10.

unto him. The texts omit. sheet. Greek. othcme, Only here and Acts 11:6.

knit. The texts omit. Read "Let down by the four corners".

let down = sent down. Greek. kathiemi. Occurs elsewhere, Acts 9:25; Acts 11:5. Luke 5:19.

to = upon. Greek. epi. App-104.

earth. Greek. ge. App-129.


Verse 12

Wherein = In which. were. Greek. huparcho. See note on Luke 9:48.

all manner of = all.

fourfooted beasts. Greek. tetrapous. Hebrews 11:6. Romans 1:23.

and wild beasts. The texts omit.

creeping things. Greek. herpeton. Hebrews 11:6. Romans 1:23. James 3:7.

air = heaven.


Verse 13

Rise. Greek. aniatemi. App-178.

kill = slay. Greek. thuo, to slay, or to sacrifice.


Verse 14

Not so = By no means. Greek. medamos.

have . . . eaten = ate.

never = not even at any time. Greek. oudepote.

unclean. Greek. akathartos. The previous twenty-one occurrences all apply to evil spirits. Here the reference is to the ceremonial uncleanness of the Levitical law.


Verse 15

the second time. Literally from (Greek. ek. App-104.) a second (time).

What = The things which.


Verse 16

thrice. Literally upon thrice.


Verse 17

doubted = was perplexed. Greek. diaporeo. See note on Luke 9:7.

mean = be.

behold. Greek. idou. App-133.

had made enquiry . . . and = having inquired carefully. Greek. dierotao. Compound of dia App-104and erotao App-134. Only here.

before = at.


Verse 18

asked = inquired. Greek. punthanomai.

whether = if. Greek. ei. App-118.


Verse 19

thought on = turned over in his mind. Greek. enthumeomai. Only here and Matthew 1:20; Matthew 9:4. The texts read dienthumeomai, a stronger word.

the Spirit, i.e. the angel of Acts 10:3. App-101.


Verse 20

Arise therefore = But arise. Same as rise Acts 10:13.

doubting. Greek. diakrino. App-122.

nothing. Greek. medeis.

for I have sent them. This proves that it is the angel that is speaking. Compare Acts 10:5.


Verse 21

which were sent unto him from Cornelius. All the texts and Syriac omit.

wherefore = on account of which.

are come = are present.


Verse 22

just. Greek. dikaios. App-191.

of good report = borne witness to. Greek. martureo. Same as "of honest report" in Acts 6:3.

among = by. Greek. hupo. App-104.

nation. Greek. ethnos.

warned from God. Greek. chrematizo. See note on Luke 2:26.

by. Greek. hupo, as above.

send for. Greek. metapempo, as in Acts 10:5.

words. Greek. rhema. See note on Mark 9:32.

of = from. Greek. para. App-104.


Verse 24

waited = was waiting. Greek. prosdokao. App-138.

near = intimate. Greek. anankaios. Literally necessary. First occurance. Translated elsewhere "necessary", "needful", &c.


Verse 25

And as, &c. = Now as it came to pass that Peter entered in.

met. Greek. sunantao. Hebrews 20:22. Luke 9:37; Luke 22:10. Hebrews 7:1, Hebrews 7:10.

worshipped = did him homage or reverence. Greek. proskuneo. App-137.


Verse 26

took him up = raised him up. Greek. egeiro. App-178.

Stand up = rise up. Greek. mid. of anistemi. App-178.:1.

man. Greek. anthropos. App-123.


Verse 27

as he talked with = conversing with. Greek. sunomileo. Only here.


Verse 28

know. Greek. epistamai. App-132.

unlawful. Greek. athemitos. Here and 1 Peter 4:3. Themis is that which is established by custom or usage.

keep company. Greek. kollaomai. See Luke 15:15.

one of another nation = aliens. Greek. allophulos Only here in N.T., but frequently in Septuagint, where the Hebrew reads "Philistines".

hath. Omit.

me. Emphatic because it stands first in the sentence. "Me God shewed".

not call any = call no (Greek. medeis).


Verse 29

came, &c. Read, "without gainsaying also I came".

without gainsaying. Greek. anantirrhetes. Only here.

for what intent = for what word, or reason. Greek. logos. App-121.

have. Omit.


Verse 30

Four days ago = From (Greek. apo. App-104.) the fourth day.

I was, &c. The texts omit "fasting", and read "until this hour I was praying".

bright = shining. Greek. lampros.


Verse 31

is = was.

are had in, &c. = were remembered.

in the sight of. The same as "before", verses: Acts 10:10, Acts 10:4, Acts 10:30, Acts 10:33.


Verse 32

call hither. Greek. metakaleo. See note on Acts 7:14.

who, &c. The texts omit.


Verse 33

Immediately. Greek. exautes. Here, Acts 11:11; Acts 21:32; Acts 23:30. Mark 6:25. Philippians 1:2, Philippians 1:23.

hast well done = didst well. Compare Philippians 1:4, Philippians 1:14. James 2:19. 2 Peter 1:19. 3 John 1:6.

of = by. Greek. hupo. App-104.


Verse 34

opened his mouth. See note on Acts 8:35.

Of = Upon. Greek. epi. App-104.

perceive. See note on Acts 4:13.

no = not a. Greek. ou. App-105.

respecter of persons. Literally one who takes faces (i.e. persons) into account. Greek. prosopoleptes. Only here. Compare James 2:9.


Verse 35

accepted with = acceptable to. Greek. dektos. Here Luke 4:19, Luke 4:24; 2 Corinthians 6:2. Philippians 1:4, Philippians 1:18.


Verse 36

word. Greek. logos. App-121.

children = sons. Greek. huios. App-108.

preaching. Greek. euangelizo. App-121.

by = by means

Jesus Christ. App-98.

He, &c. Cornelius had no claim on Him as son of David. Compare Matthew 15:22-28.


Verse 37

know. Greek. oida. App-132.

was published. Literally came to be.

throughout. Greek. kata.

baptism. App-115.

preached = proclaimed. Greek. kerusso. App-121.


Verse 38

How, &c. The Greek reads, "Jesus of Nazareth, how God anointed (See Acts 4:27) Him".

Jesus. App-98.

of = from. Greek. apo. App-104.

the Holy Ghost = holy spirit. No art. App-101.

power. Greek. dunamis. App-172.

doing good. Greek. euergeteo = acting as a benefactor. Only here. Compare Luke 22:25, and See Acts 4:9.

healing. Greek. iaomai. See note on Luke 6:17.

oppressed = overpowered. Greek. katadunasteuo. Here, James 2:6. Compare Luke 13:16. 2 Corinthians 12:7. Revelation 2:10.


Verse 39

witnesses. Greek. martur. See note on Acts 1:8.

land = country. Greek. chora.

slew. Greek. anaireo. See note on Acts 2:23.

and hanged = having hanged Him.

on. Greek. epi. App-104.

tree. See note on Acts 5:30.


Verse 40

Him = This One.

raised up. Greek. egeiro. App-178.

shewed Him openly . Literally gave Him to become manifest, i.e. to be openly seen. Greek. emphanes. Here, Romans 10:20. Compare App-106.


Verse 41

chosen before. Greek. procheirotoneo. Only here. Compare Acts 14:23.

did eat . . . with. Greek. sunesthio. Here, Acts 11:3. Luke 15:2. 1 Corinthians 5:11. Galatians 1:2, Galatians 1:12.

drink with. Greek. sumpino. Only here.

from the dead. Greek. ek nekron. App-139.


Verse 42

commanded = charged.

testify = fully testify. Greek. diamarturomai. See note on Acts 2:40.

ordained. Greek. horizo. See note on Acts 2:23.

Judge. Greek. krites. Compare App-122and App-177.

quick = living.

dead = dead persons. Greek. nekros. App-139.


Verse 43

give . . . witness = testify. Greek. martureo, as in Acts 10:22.

name. See note on Acts 2:38.

believeth in. App-150.

remission = forgiveness. Greek. aphesis. See note on Acts 2:38; Acts 5:31.

sins. Greek. hamartia. App-128.


Verse 44

the word, i.e. the gospel message. Figure of speech Idioma. App-6.


Verse 45

they, &c, i.e. the Jews. Compare Acts 11:2. Romans 4:12; Romans 15:8. Galatians 1:2, Galatians 1:12. Colossians 4:11. Titus 1:10. These were Jewish Christians, called "brethren", Acts 10:23, Acts 11:12.

believed = were faithful. Greek. pistos. App-150.

were astonished. Greek. existemi. See note on Acts 2:7.

Gentiles. Greek. ethnos. Same as "nation", verses: Acts 10:22, Acts 10:35.

gift. Greek. dorea. See note on John 4:10.


Verse 46

speak = speaking. Greek. laleo, as in Acts 10:7.

magnify = magnifying. Greek. megaluno, as in Acts 5:13.

answered. App-122.


Verse 47

any man = any one. Greek. tis. App-123.

forbid. Same as "hinder" in Acts 8:36.

baptized. App-115.

as well as we = even as we also.


Verse 48

baptized in. App-115.

the Lord. App-98. The texts read "Jesus Christ".

prayed. Greek. erotao. App-131.

tarry. Greek. epimeno. See John 8:7 (continue).

 


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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Acts 10:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/acts-10.html. 1909-1922.

Lectionary Calendar
Monday, July 22nd, 2019
the Week of Proper 11 / Ordinary 16
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