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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
Exodus 31

 

 

Verse 1

the LORD [Hebrew. Jehovah. spake. See note on Exodus 6:16, and compare note on Exodus 3:7.


Verse 2

See. Figure of speech Asterismos (App-6), to call our attention to the importance of this member. I have called. Note the qualifications in T and T: "I have filled", "I have given", "I have put", &c. Compare John 3:27. No Tubal-Cain could instruct these artificers.


Verse 3

spirit. Hebrew. ruach. App-9. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Cause) for the gifts of the Holy Spirit

God. Hebrew. Elohim.the Creator. App-4.

and. Note the Figure of speech Polysyndeton (App-6) in verses Exodus 31:3-5, emphasising the four particulars and details.


Verse 4

devise. Note the 5 and the 7 (see App-10). See note on Exodus 31:26.
Cunning works. }
Gold, silver, } }
brass, stones, } 5 } 7
timber. } }
All workmanship. }


Verse 6

behold. Figure of speech Asterismos (App-6) for emphasis. Note also the "I "emphasised.

I have put, &c. See note on Exodus 31:2.


Verse 7

tabernacle = tent. Hebrew. "ohel. App-40.

and. Note the Figure of speech Polysyndeton (App-6), emphasising twelve things to be made in verses: Exodus 31:7-11.


Verse 13

children = sons.

My sabbaths. Another special reference to this in connection with any special position in which Israel might be placed. (1) The manna, Exodus 16; (2) the giving of the law, Exodus 20; (3) the making of the Tabernacle, Exodus 31.

you. Israel, not the church of God.


Verse 14

soul. Hebrew. nephesh (App-13).


Verse 15

sabbath of rest. Hebrew sabbath of sabbatizing". See note on Exodus 16:23.


Verse 17

a sign: that Jehovah is our God-that Christ is LORD.

heaven and earth. One of thirteen occurrences. See note on Deuteronomy 4:26.

refreshed. Hebrew = verbal form of nephesh (App-13). Figure of speech Anthropopatheia (App-6). See note on Exodus 23:12.


Verse 18

two tables. These first tables were "the work of God" (Exodus 32:16; Exodus 24:12).

stone. Singular. The second tables were hewn by Moses (Exodus 34:1-4, and stones in plural) Both written by God. written. See note on Exodus 17:14.

finger. Figure of speech Anthropopatheia (App-6).

 


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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Exodus 31:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/exodus-31.html. 1909-1922.

Lectionary Calendar
Monday, October 21st, 2019
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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